1749 - Persians are driven out. The Al Bu Said dynasty comes to power, and continues to rule to this day.
1913 - Control of the country splits. The interior is ruled by Ibadite imams and the coastal areas by the sultan. Under a British-brokered agreement in 1920 the sultan recognises the autonomy of the interior.
1959 - Sultan Said bin Taimur regains control of the interior. His rule is characterised by a fuedal and isolationist approach.
1964 - Oil reserves are discovered; extraction begins in 1967.
1965-75 - Rebellion in the southern region of Dhofar in which leftist forces are pitted against government troops. The uprising is finally put down with the help of soldiers from Jordan and Iran.
Sultan Said bin Taimur was ultraconservative and opposed to change of any kind
Its original aim was the overthrow of Said ibn Taimur, but, by 1967, under the name of the Popular Front for the Liberation of the Occupied Arabian Gulf--which in 1974 was changed to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman (PFLO)
The government instigated an important change by introducing a law in 2008 stipulating that men and women's legal testimonies are now considered equal, although it is unclear to what extent this will apply to personal status law cases.
Oman's patriarchal culture, in combination with conservative religious norms, continues to have a profound impact on women.
Despite progress, women face discrimination in almost all areas of life, and men are traditionally and legally seen as heads of household.
Women remain underrepresented in the judiciary and government structures, and do not have full freedom to make decisions about their health and reproductive rights.
They are afforded unequal rights under the personal status law, which governs inheritance, marriage, divorce, and child custody
Because of dwindling oil reserves, the government is adopting a new development plan that focuses on the diversification, industrialization and privatization while simultaneously reducing the use of oil.
This plan the government calls “vision 2020” was adopted in 1996 and is set up to diversify the economy so that the oil sector of the GDP changes from 37% to 9%.
Also the government invests heavily in the gas sector of the economy because Oman has a much bigger natural gas resource than oil. Their foothold near the Arabian Sea makes this commodity a key part in the diversification process.
This is very difficult to uphold due to the constant political instability in the Middle East, neighboring countries will sabotage oil pipelines during state of unrest.
With major investments to infrastructure, tourism, industrial, and gas sector of Oman’s economy ; in return the government believes the economy will, over time, stray from the oil production industry to non-oil areas which will enhance economic growth.
By 2020 Oman hopes have drastically changed their global economy to a more efficient competitor in the global market.
So far Oman is on track to diversify its economy yet there are no guarantees in the future.
Yahya bin said Al Jabri, executive president of CMA, states that with the completion of the infrastructure in various parts, he declares Oman is keeping pace with the long-term plan.
In order to drastically change the economy the country must also obtain a strong, centralized political system. Continuous fighting and growing military tensions is the one of two main challenges to this reform.
Compared to past reforms,there are not many challenges to this plan working, the only other problem that can occur is the water scarcity in the Middle East, which can hinder Oman’s agriculture production, yet the economy proceeds to continue to grow and in the eye’s of many will continue to do so.