Wiltshire’s 5 Largest Towns

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A Profile of Wiltshire’s Five Largest Settlements

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Wiltshire’s 5 Largest Towns

  1. 1. Wiltshire’s 5 Largest TownsA Profile of Wiltshire’s Five Largest Settlements © Stuart Mitchell
  2. 2. Swindon• Population: 209,000 (2011)• Location: North East Wiltshire, M4 corridor• Origins: Saxon (Swindon Old Town)• Governance: Borough of Swindon Unitary Authority• Etymology: Saxon swine (pig) + dun (hill)• Demonym: Swindonian• Attractions: – National Monuments Record Centre – Steam (Great Western Railway) Museum – Outlet Village in the Old Railway Engine Works
  3. 3. Salisbury (New Sarum)• Population: 41,500 (2011)• Location: South East Wiltshire, confluence of 5 rivers south of Salisbury Plain• Origins: Neolithic Hill Fort (Old Sarum)• Governance: Wiltshire Unitary Authority• Etymology: Corruption of possibly Celtic sorbio (dry) and/or Saxon searu (trick) + dun (hill fort), changed to Saxon borough• Demonym: Sarumite• Attractions: – Salisbury Cathedral & Spire – Stonehenge World Heritage Site – Salisbury International Arts Festival
  4. 4. Chippenham• Population: 34,000 (2011)• Location: North West Wiltshire, on the Bristol Avon• Origins: Roman (or earlier)/Saxon (town)• Governance: Wiltshire Unitary Authority• Etymology: Cippa (a name) or Saxon ceap (market) + hamm (settlement)• Demonym: Chippenhamites• Attractions: – Castle Combe village nearby – Lacock Abbey & village nearby – Surrounding countryside – woodland, Marlborough Downs, Cotswolds, Salisbury Plain
  5. 5. Trowbridge• Population: 32,500 (2011)• Location: West Wiltshire, on the Kennet & Avon Canal• Origins: Bronze Age• Governance: Wiltshire Unitary Authority• Etymology: Old English treow (tree) + brycg (bridge) or Trowle (a nearby village) + bridge• Demonym: Trowbridgians• Attractions: – Trowbridge Museum – Trowbridge Village Pump Festival – Textile Heritage including The Handle House
  6. 6. Melksham• Population: 22,000 (2011)• Location: West Wiltshire, on the Bristol Avon• Origins: Saxon Royal Estate (earliest known)• Governance: Wiltshire Unitary Authority• Etymology: Old English meoloc (milk) + ham (settlement)• Demonym: Melkshamites• Attractions: – Regency buildings including The Roundhouse – Party in the Park in July – The Spa – Regency housing, springs, pump rooms & baths
  7. 7. Useful Links• Visit Wiltshire• Salisbury Cathedral• Stonehenge Guide• Wiltshire Map• Wiltshire Tourist Guide• Solicitors Melksham• Trowbridge Village Pump Festival• Wiltshire Council

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