London’s 8 royal parks
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London’s 8 royal parks

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A guide to the 8 Royal Parks of London, UK

A guide to the 8 Royal Parks of London, UK

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    London’s 8 royal parks London’s 8 royal parks Presentation Transcript

    • London’s 8 Royal Parks© Stuart Mitchell
    • Bushy Park Location:  Borough of Richmond, South West London  Adjacent to the former royal residence of Hampton Court in a bend of the River Thames,  Bordered to the north by Teddington  Allotments and playgrounds Character:  Size - 1,100 acres, 2nd largest Royal Park  Mix of formal landscaping, woodland, grassland, streams and ponds  Water Gardens and grand Chestnut Avenue form significant features  Dotted with sports pitches - 4 local cricket clubs, a hockey club and a rugby club  Allotments and playgrounds
    • Bushy Park Attractions:  Diana Fountain, an imposing golden statue representing Arethusa, a Greek nymph. Found at the southern end of…  Chestnut Avenue – a grand avenue leading to Hampton Court  Plenty of wildlife including herds of red and fallow deer History:  Originally created as a deer park by Henry VIII when he took control of Hampton Court as his royal residence  Subsequently evolved under successive monarchs, e.g., Charles I added the Longford River Canal  Chestnut Avenue and the Diana Fountain were added later, from designs by Sir Christopher Wren, to form the entrance to Hampton Court  Hosted the pre-World War II folk tradition of Chestnut Sunday which was resurrected in 1993  Military uses include a World War I Canadian hospital and Eisenhower’s camp from which he planned D-Day
    • Richmond Park Location:  Borough of Richmond, South West London  An expanse of land just south of the River Thames  Between the town of Richmond itself, neighbouring Kingston Upon Thames to the South and Wimbledon and Wimbledon Common to the West. Character:  Size - 2,500 acres, the largest Royal Park, the largest park in London, the second largest walled park in the UK  Over twice the size of Bushy  A designated National Nature Reserve and a Site of Special Scientific Interest  Informal landscape of grassland and woodland covering gentle hills and surrounding ponds at its centre.  The sense of a country park but within the boundaries of London. More formal woodland can be found in the Isabella Plantation
    • Richmond Park Attractions:  Noted for its wildlife including the famous Fallow and Red deer  and even the more recent colonising Parakeets.  Criss-crossed with bridleways and cycle paths  Childhood home of Bertrand Russell, Pembroke Lodge, now a restaurant  complete with its own public gardens.  Opens spaces and views of central London  King Henry’s Mound within the gardens of Pembroke Lodge History:  Park enclosed by Charles I as a refuge from the threat of the plague  allowing locals rights of way ensured public access down the centuries  Pembroke Lodge dates from the 1750s  home of the once Prime Minister Lord Russell and his grandson Bertrand  a military HQ during World War II
    • Kensington Gardens Location:  Straddling the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea and the City of Westminster,  Borders Hyde Park to the east  Surrounded to the west and south by Kensington  Paddington and Notting Hill sit to the north. Character:  Size - 270 acres  More formal layout than neighbouring Hyde Park  due to their purpose as the gardens for Kensington Palace  Large Round Pond at the centre  Separated from Hyde Park by the Long Water (Serpentine) & West Carriage Drive  Ornamental Italianate Gardens sit at the head of the Long Water
    • Kensington Gardens Attractions:  Princess Diana Memorial Playground with its Peter Pan inspired Pirate Ship  Ornate gothic Albert Memorial  Quirky Elfin Oak  Carved stone and water features of the elegant Italianate Gardens  Peter Pan sculpture & Henry Moore’s The Arch sculpture  Serpentine Gallery History:  Established by reclaiming a portion of Hyde Park as formal gardens for the palace at Kensington in the 18th century.  River Westbourne was damned to form the Long Water/Serpentine.  Strong association with JM Barrie and Peter Pan  Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens was set in the location.
    • Hyde Park Location:  Eastern half the aforementioned green space in West London with Kensington Gardens  Enclosed by some of the most exclusive neighbourhoods in the UK  Knightsbridge to the south  Mayfair to the east  Marylebone and Paddington to the north Character:  Size - 350 acres  Almost split in two by the Serpentine  sweeps down from the Long Water in Kensington Gardens  Separated from neighbour by West Carriage Drive  Expanses of lawn, punctuated by mature trees  Formal rose gardens and wilder meadows
    • Hyde Park Attractions:  Speakers Corner, where all-comers can voice their opinions  Open air concerts;  notably the Rolling Stones in 1969 and Blur during the closing of the 2012 Olympics.  Diana, Princess of Wales, Fountain just beside the Serpentine  Memorial to the victims of the 7/7 bombings History:  Originally the possession of Westminster Abbey  Then owned by Henry VIII as a deer park  James I allowed the public in  Mid 18th century, it was landscaped as part of the changes that spawned Kensington Gardens  Serpentine was formed at this time by damning the River Westbourne  Site of the Great Exhibition of 1851 and Crystal Palace
    • Regent’s Park Location:  City of Westminster and the borough of Camden  To the south and west it neighbours the exclusive residences of Marylebone  To the north and west the equally exclusive St John’s Wood  It is surrounded by the Primrose Hill and Regents Parks areas to the north and east  Camden and Somers Town beyond. Character:  Size - 410 acres of landscaped parkland  Stretches up the slope of Primrose Hill on its northern edge  Diverse mixture of grassland, tree-lined avenues and formal gardens  Enclosed by an Outer Circle ring road  Planted gardens to the south of the park contained by small Inner Circle road  Numerous impressive buildings/grounds including Georgian villas  Separated from the grassy slopes of Primrose hill by the Regent’s Canal  To the south a boating lake and formal gardens split by The Broadwalk avenue
    • Regent’s Park Attractions:  London Zoo sits entirely within the park  Open Air Theatre stages productions throughout the summer  Tennis centre, a sports centre at The Hub, a boating lake and playgrounds  Primrose Hill offers panoramic views of central London  Planted formal gardens such as Queen Mary’s Rose Garden in the Inner Circle  Organic Wildlife Garden just outside  The park’s buildings include the US Ambassador’s Residence and Regent’s College History:  Henry VIII dissolved the abbey at Barking  Previously Tyburn Manor, named after the eponymous river  As Marylebone Park, it was first a deer park and then leased farmland  Prince Regent (later George IV) commissioned John Nash to re-designed the park and the surrounding area to form a neighbourhood of palaces and grand Georgian terraces  In 1811 the park was landscaped with the Regent’s Canal, the lake, avenues and villas  The Georgian building boom spawned Marylebone, Mayfair and St James’s
    • Green Park Location:  Situated on the western edges of central London  Between Hyde Park and St James’s Park  Separated from St James’s Park to the east by The Mall  Hyde Park to the north west by the junction of Hyde Park Corner  To the south Buckingham Palace across Constitution Hill  To the north the exclusive residences of Mayfair and Piccadilly Character:  Size - 47 acres, the smallest of the Royal Parks  Almost conjoins with St James’s Park  Including Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens, they form a green belt from Notting Hill to Charing Cross  Mostly trees and grassland - the only park not to have any buildings or water features
    • Green Park Attractions:  Impressive Spring daffodil display  Refuge from the hubbub of the surrounding city  Canada Memorial (to Canadian soldiers of the world wars) History:  Burial ground for the patients of St James’s leper hospital  Charles II enclosed the park as Upper St James’s Park in the late 17th century  John Nash remodelled the park in 1820 alongside neighbouring St James’s park for George IV  Over the centuries it became popular as an outdoor entertainment space  The park had been home to a number of buildings including two temples both destroyed by firework displays
    • St James’s Park Location:  Sits in front of Buckingham Palace  Green Park to the north west  Horseguards Parade to the east  Birdcage Walk to the south.  Eastern edge of a green swathe across central London, flowing into Green Park, Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens to the west Character:  Size - 57 acres, marginally larger than Green Park  Semi classic formal parkland criss-crossed with paths  Dominated by a lake which splits the park in two  The Mall runs through its northern edge and serves as its boundary with Green Park
    • St James’s Park Attractions:  Surrounded by attractions such as Buckingham Palace, The Mall (the ceremonial route to the palace) and Horseguards Parade  The flower beds of the Memorial Gardens just outside Buckingham Palace  Stunning views of the palace from numerous vantage points  St James’s Park lake with its wildfowl including pelicans History:  Established by Henry VIII on the marshy banks of the old River Tyburn  to the west of what was referred to as York Place (now Whitehall)  with the intention of creating gardens for a new royal palace there  Drained and landscaped under the reign of James I who kept exotic animals on them  Landscaped and formalised further by Charles II, taking influences from French Royal Gardens  In 19th century, the Prince Regent commissioned John Nash to once again re- landscape the park  introducing more organic, romantic and winding features, turning the canal into a lake  Created The Mall as a stately approach to Buckingham Palace
    • Greenwich Park Location:  Located in Greenwich, South East London  Surrounded on its southern edges by the open grassland space of Blackheath  To the north is the National Maritime Museum, the Royal Naval College housing the University of Greenwich, and the River Thames beyond  The park is famously situated on the Prime Meridian at 0 degrees longitude Character:  Size - 180 acres  Major constituent of the Maritime Greenwich world heritage site.  On split levels on a hill side which slopes down to the Thames  providing views down onto central and eastern London.  Within the park can be found formal herb and rose gardens, orchards, a deer park and lakes.
    • Greenwich Park Attractions:  Royal Observatory - historical and scientific hub at the heart of the park  the origin of the Prime Meridian (which runs through the park)  a branch of the Maritime Museum  Glimpses of deer  Famous sundial and view Roman ruins  Tennis courts and boating lake History:  Dating from 1433 Greenwich is the oldest of the Royal Parks as well as being the first to be enclosed  Acquired by Henry VI in the 15th century  Charles II created the Royal Observatory (with the help of Sir Christopher Wren)  On the site of the derelict Greenwich Castle (originally built by Duke of Gloucester).  The buildings known as the Royal Naval college today originated as Greenwich hospital and  On the site of the Tudor Palace of Placentia (birthplace and home to Tudor monarchs) in the late 17th century.  The area was turned into a deer park by Henry VIII, who was born in the adjoining palace  Enclosed by James I when they were formally landscaped in the 17th century
    • Useful Links Further Information  The Royal Parks  The Royal Parks on Wikipedia  Visit London Moving to the areas:  Estate Agents Knightsbridge  Estate Agents Marylebone  Estate Agents Mayfair  Estate Agents Regent’s Park  Wimbledon Flats