Types of government

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Types of government

  1. 1. TYPES OF GOVERNMENTS What are the types of governments we find in our world and what are their advantages and disadvantages?
  2. 2. MONARCHY—a royal family  Advantages: stable, controlled, traditional, unifying.  Disadvantages: No criteria (other than birth) for ruling, expensive, monarch is remote from everyday people, limited individual rights, no voting.  Examples: Jordan, Monaco
  3. 3. Using cows to explain monarchy  You have two cows.
  4. 4. Using cows to explain monarchy  You have two cows.  The monarch allows you the privilege of milking your cows and giving him ½ the milk.  If you complain, the monarch will take both your cows and the milk.
  5. 5. DEMOCRACY—rule by the people.  Advantages: protects individual rights, input is taken from many different sources to make a governmental decision, people are the government.  Disadvantages: takes more time to make decisions, more costly.  Examples: Canada, USA, Japan, Korea. (none are direct democracies)  According to the State of the World Atlas, 44% of the world’s population live in a stable democracy.
  6. 6. Using cows to explain democracy  You have two cows.
  7. 7. Using cows to explain democracy  You have two cows.  After milking your cows, you and your neighbors all vote on who should get the milk.
  8. 8. Using cows to explain democracy  You have two cows.  After milking your cows, you and your neighbors all vote on who should get the milk.  Whoever gets the most votes gets the milk.
  9. 9. DICTATORSHIP—one person has all the power.  Advantages: organized and controlled. Efficient and there are no public protests or riots.  Disadvantages: limited individual rights, uncertain transition of power, usually dependent on the military, no debate, no free press, no opposition parties.  Ex: Pakistan, Sudan, Cuba
  10. 10. Using cows to explain dictatorship  You have two cows.
  11. 11. Using cows to explain dictatorship  You have two cows.  The government takes the cows, and gives you nothing for them  If you complain about it, they put you in jail or shoot you
  12. 12. THEOCRACY---rule by the clergy  A theocracy is a country in which the religious leaders are also leaders in the government. The society is run by religious beliefs and dogma. Iran is the only theocracy we have today, but there are many groups that are fighting for their nation to become a theocracy such as in Palestine, Afghanistan, Egypt and Pakistan.
  13. 13. Using cows to explain theocracy  You have two cows.
  14. 14. Using cows to explain theocracy  You have two cows.  The government tells you that if you want to keep your cows and continue farming, you have to follow the religion of the leaders.

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