Storytelling YourWay to a BetterUser Experience Whitney Quesenbery Kevin Brooks UPA Boston June 2010
Introductions Researcher in new UI technologies Performance storyteller Storytelling as a pivotal part of the creation, performance, and design process. User researcher Theatre designer Storytelling as a way to understand user, culture, and context in UX design
Storytelling is already part of UX Understand Success? Specify Evaluate Design
Success? Storytelling is already part of UX Understand Specify Evaluate Design
Storytelling is already part of UX…We just don’t call them stories Userresearch Analysis Field studies Card sorting Site visits Cluster sorting Content analysis Evaluation Design Usability Testing Scenarios Wireframes Prototype walk-through Log Analysis
Storytelling is already part of UX…We just don’t call them stories You can use stories to enhance the usability work you are already doing.and You can use stories to help you start bringing people into the center of the process.
Listening Exercise Work in pairs - with someone you don’t know 1 minutes to speak - then switch Speaker’s job - speak about something relatively comfortable Listener’s job - just listen. Don’t have to talk, interrupt or fill silences. Talk aboutthe time on your way here thatyou were the most bored.
“Story” is not just a fancy word for broadcasting information Stories start with listening.
A story is shared by everyone who hears it First the storyteller shapes the story As they listen, the audience members form an image of the story in their own minds.
A story is shared by everyone who hears it The storyteller and the audience each affects the other and shapes the story they create. The most important relationship is between the audience and the story. The audience is a part of the story each time it is told.
A story is shared by everyone who hears it…but heard by each person in their own way
The relationships around a story are called the Story Triangle
Relationships shift as you movefrom story listener to story teller
We’re going to talk about Collecting stories Personas and their stories Stories for testing
While you are listening,turn on your juicy story filter You are looking for stories that…. You hear from more than one source. Have a lot of action detail. Have details that illuminate user data Surprise or contradict common beliefs And are clear, simple, and compelling.
Structure the discussion to encourage stories “Have you ever [done something]?” “How often do you [do that thing]?” “What makes you decide to [do that thing]?” “Where do you [do that thing]?” “When was the last time you [did that thing]?” “Tell me about that.”
Look for patterns in the stories,just like any other user research data
These story fragments might grow into a story “When I’m waiting for a bus, I wish I had a way to know when it will arrive.” “I love seeing lots of people on the metro platform. It usually means a train will arrive soon.” “When the bus stop isn’t well marked, I always worry whether I’m in the right place.” “If I’m running late, I can drive if I’m going to miss the train.”
Data Persona Aged 30-45Well educated45% married with childrenOver half use the web 3-5 times a week65% use search engines Elizabeth, 32 years old Married to Joe, has a 5-year old son, Justin Attended State College, and manages her class alumni site Uses Google as her home page, and reads CNN online Used the web to find the name of a local official
Stories for your personas let you explore situations and ideas The persona as a character provides perspective The relationships create the context The imagery suggests emotional connections The language can suggest the voice of the persona
There is nothing more frustrating than waiting for the bus in the snow when you’re already running late for work. Sandra didn’t like snow much anyway, but she liked standing at her bus stop even less. Had she missed it? Was it even running with all this snow? She ran over her options in her mind. None of them were going to get her to work on time.
What design ideas does the story suggest? Put bus schedules on the web with real-time updates Send a text message and get a message back with the ETA for the next bus Signs at the bus stop saying how long until the next one Service alerts with emails about problems And stories help you explore ideas in context!
Stories can be used to create scenarios for usability testing They create a realistic context because they are based on real stories. They give you a range of stories and perspectives to draw on.
You commute to work on a suburban bus line. You have a meeting in the morning, and don’t want to be late. But, as you eat breakfast you see that snow is piling up on the road. Find out if your bus is running on time this morning. Transforming a story to a test task Turn the story to set up the situtation, then let the participant “finish the story” as the test task.
Stories can make your usability work more effective
Storytelling for User Experience:Crafting stories for better design Whitney Quesenbery & Kevin Brookswhitneyq@email@example.com Blog and book sitewww.rosenfeldmedia.com/books/storytelling/ Ilustrations available under Creative Commons www.flickr.com/photos/rosenfeldmedia/