8/8 Slave Labor in Other Industries
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  • 1. Human TraffickingOverviewSex Trafficking in the U.S.Labor Trafficking in the U.S.Agriculture & FarmsDomestic WorkHostess & Strip ClubsRestaurants & Food ServiceFactoriesPeddling & Begging RingsHospitality IndustryOther IndustriesRecognizing the SignsInternational TraffickingTrafficking FAQsState-by-State ResourcesCalendar of EventsThe NHTRC Human Trafficking Report a Tip Access Training Resources Map Get Involved ContactVictims of trafficking may be found in any industry with ademand for cheap labor and a lack of rigorous monitoring.“When he found out that I could braid hair he used me as a maid at one of hisgirlfriends shops when I was pregnant. I braided hair while he collected themoney.”– Victim of trafficking.Victims of traffickingmay be foundinany industrywithademandfor cheaplabor andalack of rigorousmonitoring. Victims are forcedto work against theirwill inexploitative conditions for little or no pay. Theycanbe foundinforestry, landscaping, construction,carnivals, tourismandentertainment, elder-carefacilities, gas stations, nail salons, hair braidingsalons,andother small businesses.While workingas anail technician, awomaninherearly forties fromChinadisclosedto acustomerthatshe is rarely paidforherworkandthat she hadto turnoverhertips to the nail salonowners. She andtheothernail technicians all livedinthe home of the owners of the salon. The owners drove the workersto the salonevery day to work, andthe workers couldnot leave the house to go anywhere except towork. The nail technicianwantedto leave herjob but couldnot.*Several youngadults came to the U.S. fromvarious countries inCentral AmericaandAfricaontemporary workvisas. The youngadults expectedto have goodworkingandlivingconditions, andtohave free time onweekends to travel andsee the U.S. However, they foundthemselves at jobs intravelingcarnivals with unsanitary anddangerous conditions. They didnot always have access toadequate foodandwater, andthey were expectedto workextremely longhours outside inthe heatwithout breaks. The youngadults were toldthat if they triedto quit orreport the workingconditions,they wouldbe breakingtheircontracts andwouldincuraseveral thousanddollarpenalty andbedeported.**Basedoncalls receivedby the National HumanTraffickingResource Center. Identifyingdetailshave beenchangedto protect confidentiality.When does it become trafficking?Labor exploitationrises to the level of labor traffickingwhenthe victimis made to believe, throughtheuse of force, fraud, or coercionthat he or she cannot quit andhas no other choice but to continue towork. Commonmeans of control include:Force–Physical and/or sexual abuse;isolationor confinement to the place of work, labor camporapartment suppliedby the trafficker;monitoringof movement andcommunication.Fraud–Misrepresentationof the work, workingconditions, wages, andimmigrationbenefits of thejob;non-payment, underpayment or confiscationof wages;visafraude.g. allowingalegitimate visatoexpire or failingto provide apromisedvisa, thereby increasingthe worker’s vulnerability to threats ofdeportationandlimitinghis or her alternative job options.Other Industries E-mail PrintShareSIGN UP BLOG SEARCH LOGINABOUT USABOUT US WHAT WE DOWHAT WE DO HUMAN TRAFFICKING TAKE ACTIONTAKE ACTION RESOURCESRESOURCES MEDIAMEDIA GIVEGIVEconverted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  • 2. Top ResourcesHumanTraffickingNational HumanTraffickingResourceCenterSex TraffickingintheU.S.RecognizingtheSignsTheVictimsClient QuotesCoercion –Verbal abuse;threats of harmto the victimor the victim’s family members;threats ofdeportationor police involvement;isolation;exploitationof aforeignnational worker’s unfamiliaritywiththe language, laws andcustoms of the US;unreasonable deductions andfees for visas,transportation, rent, food, tools, and/or uniforms to create debt.*The above list is not comprehensive orcumulative. One element of force, fraudorcoercionmay bepresent, ormany.VulnerabilitiesRecruitment Debt –Some immigrants workinginthe hospitality industry holdemployment-basedvisas suchas the J-1 or H2-B. Inorder to obtainthese or other visas, workers sometimes pay between$1,000 and$20,000 inlegal andillegal feels to arecruiter, visasponsor, or employer. Oftentimes,workers have to borrowmoney at highinterest rates or mortgage their family’s home, to pay the fee.This debt, coupledwiththe fact that workers withJ-1 or H-2Bvisas are restrictedto certainemployersto maintaintheir immigrationstatus, leave workers vulnerable to exploitation.Employment-based visasJ-1 visa–is designatedfor exchange visitors ontemporary work andtravel programs. EachJ-1visaholder has asponsor as well as anemployer, whichmay be separate entities. Visaholders areable to change employers only after clearingit withtheir sponsor –otherwise they are inviolationof their visaandsubject to deportation.H-2Bvisa–is designatedfor temporary workers inunskilledindustries, excludingagriculturewhichuses the H-2A visa. H-2Bvisaholders are tiedto asingle employer. If they wishto leave anabusive situation, they become undocumentedandrisk deportation.Immigration Status–Labor traffickingvictims may be US citizens or immigrants. However,immigrants –whether documentedor not –canbe particularly vulnerable to exploitationdue tolanguage barriers, unfamiliarity withtheir legal rights inthe US, and/or the lack of alocal supportnetwork. Undocumentedworkers are particularly vulnerable to threats of deportationandareunlikely to seek helpfromthe police.ContactPolaris ProjectP.O. Box 53315Washington, D.C. 20009Tel: 202-745-1001Fax: 202-745-1119Email Polaris ProjectWhat We DoNational Human Trafficking HotlinePolicyAdvocacyClient ServicesTraining and TechnicalAssistancePublic Outreach and CommunicationsFellowship ProgramConnect Search Join Our NetworkPrivacy Policy | Copyright 2013 Polaris Project.Sitemap Loginsearch the site enter your emailconverted by Web2PDFConvert.com