7/12 strip clubs


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7/12 strip clubs

  1. 1. Human TraffickingOverviewSex Trafficking in the U.S.Fake Massage BusinessesInternet BasedResidential BrothelsStreet ProstitutionHostess & Strip ClubsEscort ServicesTruck StopsLabor Trafficking in the U.S.Recognizing the SignsInternational TraffickingTrafficking FAQsState-by-State ResourcesCalendar of EventsThe NHTRC Human Trafficking Report a Tip Access Training Resources Map Get Involved ContactHostess Clubs – Also known as “roomsalons,” these legitimate businesses are well-connected with fake massage businesses.Women from Eastern Europe and/or Russiaare frequently recruited to work in stripclubs in the United States."According to court papers, Maksimenko and his business partners operated ahuman trafficking ring which exploited Eastern European women and used theguise of a legitimate business – Beauty Search, Inc. – to cover their criminalconduct. Maksimenko and his partners smuggled women into the United Statesand compelled them through threats and coercion to work as dancers in stripclubs. To force the women to keep working, Maksimenko and his partners tooka number of steps, including confiscating the dancers’ passports; imposing largedebts; isolating the dancers; threatening physical violence; searching thedancers’ apartments; and threatening to turn the dancers into authoritiesbecause of their illegal immigrant status."-2007 DOJ Press ReleaseVictims of bothsex andlabor traffickingmay be foundinhostessclubs andstripclubs inthe UnitedStates. Insituations of sextrafficking, avictimmay be forcedto provide commercial sex to theclub patrons by apimp, employer, or other controller, inadditiontohis or her work as adancer or hostess. Victims may be U.S. citizens,undocumentedimmigrants, or foreignnationals withtourist, summerwork, or entertainment groupvisas. Thoughthe victims tendto beadult women, some of these networks may also exploit minors.Ayoungwomancame to the U.S. fromJapanshortly before hereighteenth birthday. She hadbeenpromisedajob as alifeguardinVermont, andinsteadwas brought to New Mexico andforcedtostripat anight club. One night, she met ayoungmanat the club, andshe pleadedforhelpinleaving. She felt as if she no longercouldtakethe sexual abuse inflicteduponherby hercontrollers. Thecontrollers confiscatedall of herwages that she earnedworking14 hours aday, andwouldnot let herleave the premises. The youngmancalledthe National HumanTraffickingResource Center, andtheinformationwas reportedto alocal traffickingtaskforce who openedaninvestigation.*Basedoncalls receivedby the National HumanTraffickingResource Center. Identifyingdetails have beenchangedto protectconfidentiality.When does it become trafficking?Stripping, nude dancing, andhostessingbecome sex traffickingwhenthe employer uses force, fraud, and/or coercionto compel anadultworker to engage incommercial sex withclub patrons. If the escortis under the age of 18, s/he is consideredavictimof sex traffickingregardless of the presence of force, fraudor coercion. Situations ofindividuals beingcompelledto hostess, serve drinks, or dance inthese types of clubs may also be atype of labor trafficking, if force, fraud, or coercionis usedto inducethe individuals into performingsome formof "labor or services." Commonmeans of control include:Hostess/Strip Clubs - SexTraffickingE-mail PrintShareSIGN UP BLOG SEARCH LOGINABOUT USABOUT US WHAT WE DOWHAT WE DO HUMAN TRAFFICKING TAKE ACTIONTAKE ACTION RESOURCESRESOURCES MEDIAMEDIA GIVEGIVEconverted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  2. 2. Force–Physical or sexual abuse;restrictions onmovement andcommunicationwithfriends andfamily;constant surveillance.Fraud–False promises of adifferent job;misrepresentationof the workingconditions, wages, andimmigrationbenefits of the job;alteredor bogus contracts;non-payment, underpayment orconfiscationof wages;visafraud.Coercion –Exploitationof aforeignnational’s unfamiliarity withthe language, laws andcustoms ofthe US;verbal andpsychological abuse;threats of harmto the victimor the victim’s family or friends;threats of deportation;lack of control over aschedule;isolation;confiscationof passports andvisas;debt increasedthroughvarious fees to the club or drivingnetworks.*The above list is not comprehensive orcumulative. One element of force, fraudorcoercionmay bepresent, ormany.Types of Hostess/Strip Club NetworksStripping Networks–WomenfromEasternEurope and/or Russiaare frequently recruitedto workinstripclubs inthe UnitedStates. Once inthe UnitedStates, anetwork of drivers transports thewomento andfromthe clubs where they work. Club owners generally consider these womenindependent contractors andemployees of the drivingnetwork, not the club. The womenmay berequiredto pay certainfees to the club, DJ, bouncer, taxi drivers, stage manager, andother parties.The womenoftenmust adhere to extensive, pre-determinedschedules andare frequently movedbetweenmultiple clubs. Commercial sex sometimes takes place inthe bathroom, VIP, or lapdancerooms.Hostess Clubs–Also knownas “roomsalons,” these legitimate businesses are well-connectedwithfake massage businesses. Clubs may be locatedinstore-fronts, office spaces, andcommercial areas.Clandestine advertisements inethnic local newspapers allowthese "closednetworks" clubs to cater toAsianmale clientele. Foodanddrink are soldat inflatedprices, as womenaccompany andentertaincustomers. Commercial sex may take place on-or off-site after hours."Cantinas"–Cantinas register andoperate as legitimate businesses that have food, drink, dancingandmusic, largely cateringto amale customer base. Labor traffickingoccurs whenfemale hostessesare forcedthroughthreats andviolence to meet certaindaily quotas of alcohol sales by encouragingmale customers to buy beer at inflatedprices. Insome situations, sex traffickingmay also occur onoroff-site. Unlike residential brothels, the hostesses involvedwithacantinado not always sleeponsite.VulnerabilitiesOrganized Crime–Hostess clubs andstripclubs withinspecific ethnic networks are oftentiedtoorganizedcrime. Womenare frequently toldthey owe money to the network, andfailure to pay willresult inharmto themand/or their families.Immigration Status–Traffickers oftenuse the threat of deportationas well as documentconfiscationto maintaincontrol of foreignnational victims. Some victims enter the U.S. withafraudulent visaprocuredthroughorganizedcrime or arecruiter, leavingthemparticularly vulnerableto threats of deportationandunlikely to seek helpfromthe police. Additionally, traffickers prey onimmigrant workers’ unfamiliarity withthe language, laws andcustoms of the U.S. to further manipulateor exploit them.Statistics SnapshotInthe 2008study “Deconstructingthe Demandfor Prostitution” conductedby the Chicago AllianceAgainst Sexual Exploitation, 46% of the 113 interviewees hadbought sex at stripclubs. 49% ofinterviewees believedthat there were girls under 18years of age workingat stripclubs.For resources onsex traffickinginhostess/stripclubs, click here.converted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  3. 3. Top ResourcesHumanTraffickingNational HumanTraffickingResourceCenterSex TraffickingintheU.S.RecognizingtheSignsTheVictimsClient QuotesContactPolaris ProjectP.O. Box 53315Washington, D.C. 20009Tel: 202-745-1001Fax: 202-745-1119Email Polaris ProjectWhat We DoNational Human Trafficking HotlinePolicyAdvocacyClient ServicesTraining and TechnicalAssistancePublic Outreach and CommunicationsFellowship ProgramConnect Search Join Our NetworkPrivacy Policy | Copyright 2013 Polaris Project.Sitemap Loginsearch the site enter your emailconverted by Web2PDFConvert.com