View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
Human TraffickingOverviewSex Trafficking in the U.S.Labor Trafficking in the U.S.Agriculture & FarmsDomestic WorkHostess & Strip ClubsRestaurants & Food ServiceFactoriesPeddling & Begging RingsHospitality IndustryOther IndustriesRecognizing the SignsInternational TraffickingTrafficking FAQsState-by-State ResourcesCalendar of EventsThe NHTRC Human Trafficking Report a Tip Access Training Resources Map Get Involved ContactIn situations of labor trafficking, these clubsmay force women to strip, dance, orentertain patrons for long hours and limitcontrol over their own schedule, movement,and/or money.“They told me I was going to have to work at a strip club. They forced me towork six days a week for twelve hours a day. I could not refuse to go to work orI would be beaten. I had to hand over all of my money to [them]. I was oftenyelled at for not making enough money or had a gun put to my face. Every weekI handed over around $3,000 to $4,000 to [them]. I was their slave.”– Katya, a trafficking survivor from Ukraine.Victims of bothsex andlabor traffickingmay be foundinhostessclubs andstripclubs inthe UnitedStates. Insituations of sextrafficking, avictimmay be forcedto provide commercial sex to theclub patrons by apimp, employer, or other controller, inadditiontohis or her work as adancer or hostess. Insituations of labortrafficking, the victims are forcedto dance, serve as hostesses, or selldrinks and/or food. Victims may be U.S. citizens, undocumentedimmigrants, or foreignnationals withtourist, summer work, orentertainment groupvisas. Thoughthe victims tendto be adultwomen, some of these networks may also exploit minors.Ayoungwomancame to the US fromJapanshortly before hereighteenth birthday. She hadbeenpromisedajob as alifeguardinVermont, andinsteadwas broughtto New Mexico andforcedto stripat anight club. Onnight, she met ayoungmanat the club, andshepleadedforhelpinleaving. She felt as if she no longercouldtake the sexual abuse inflicteduponherby hercontrollers. The controllers confiscatedall of herwages that she earnedworking14 hours aday, andwouldnot let herleave the premises. The youngmancalledthe National HumanTraffickingResource Center(NHTRC), andthe informationwas reportedto alocal traffickingtaskforce whoopenedaninvestigation.*Basedoncalls receivedby the National HumanTraffickingResource Center. Identifyingdetailshave beenchangedto protect confidentiality.When does it become trafficking?Stripping, nude dancing, andhostessingbecome sex traffickingwhenthe employer uses force, fraud,and/or coercionto compel anadult worker to engage incommercial sex withclub patrons. If theescort is under the age of 18, s/he is consideredavictimof sex traffickingregardless of the presence offorce, fraudor coercion. Situations of individuals beingcompelledto hostess, serve drinks, or dance inthese types of clubs are atype of labor trafficking, if force, fraud, or coercionis usedto induce theindividuals into performingsome formof "labor or services." Commonmeans of control include:Force–Physical or sexual abuse;restrictions onmovement andcommunicationwithfriends andfamily;constant surveillance.Fraud–False promises of adifferent job;misrepresentationof the workingconditions, wages, andimmigrationbenefits of the job;alteredor bogus contracts;non-payment, underpayment orconfiscationof wages;visafraud.Coercion –Exploitationof aforeignnational’s unfamiliarity withthe language, laws andcustoms ofthe US;verbal andpsychological abuse;threats of harmto the victimor the victim’s family or friends;threats of deportation;lack of control over aschedule;isolation;confiscationof passports andvisas;Hostess/Strip Clubs - LaborTraffickingE-mail PrintShareSIGN UP BLOG SEARCH LOGINABOUT USABOUT US WHAT WE DOWHAT WE DO HUMAN TRAFFICKING TAKE ACTIONTAKE ACTION RESOURCESRESOURCES MEDIAMEDIA GIVEGIVEconverted by Web2PDFConvert.com
Top ResourcesHumanTraffickingNational HumanTraffickingResourceCenterSex TraffickingintheU.S.RecognizingtheSignsTheVictimsClient Quotesdebt increasedthroughvarious fees to the club or drivingnetworks.*The above list is not comprehensive orcumulative. One element of force, fraudorcoercionmay bepresent, ormany.Types of Hostess/Strip Club NetworksRussian Stripping Networks–WomenfromEasternEurope and/or Russiaare frequentlyrecruitedto work instripclubs inthe UnitedStates. Once inthe UnitedStates, anetwork of driverstransports the womento andfromthe clubs where they work. Club owners generally consider thesewomenindependent contractors andemployees of the drivingnetwork, not the club. The womenmaybe requiredto pay certainfees to the club, DJ, bouncer, taxi drivers, stage manager, andother parties.The womenoftenmust adhere to extensive, pre-determinedschedules andare frequently movedbetweenmultiple clubs. Commercial sex sometimes takes place inthe bathroom, VIP, or lapdancerooms.Asian Hostess Clubs–Also knownas “roomsalons,” these legitimate businesses are well-connectedwithfake massage businesses. Clubs may be locatedinstore-fronts, office spaces, andcommercialareas. Clandestine advertisements inethnic local newspapers allowthese "closednetworks" clubs tocater to Asianmale clientele. Foodanddrink are soldat inflatedprices, as womenaccompany andentertaincustomers. Commercial sex may take place on-or off-site after hours.Latino "Cantinas"–Cantinas register andoperate as legitimate businesses that have food, drink,dancingandmusic, largely cateringto amale customer base. Labor traffickingoccurs whenfemalehostesses are forcedthroughthreats andviolence to meet certaindaily quotas of alcohol sales byencouragingmale customers to buy beer at inflatedprices. Insome situations, sex traffickingmay alsooccur onor off-site. Unlike residential brothels, the hostesses involvedwithacantinado not alwayssleeponsite.VulnerabilitiesOrganized Crime–Hostess clubs andstripclubs withinspecific ethnic networks are oftentiedtoorganizedcrime. Womenare frequently toldthey owe money to the network, andfailure to pay willresult inharmto themand/or their families.Immigration Status–Traffickers oftenuse the threat of deportationas well as documentconfiscationto maintaincontrol of foreignnational victims. Some victims enter the U.S. withafraudulent visaprocuredthroughorganizedcrime or arecruiter, leavingthemparticularly vulnerableto threats of deportationandunlikely to seek helpfromthe police. Additionally, traffickers prey onimmigrant workers’ unfamiliarity withthe language, laws andcustoms of the US to further manipulateor exploit them.Statistics SnapshotInthe 2008study “Deconstructingthe Demandfor Prostitution” conductedby the Chicago AllianceAgainst Sexual Exploitation, 46% of the 113 interviewees hadbought sex at stripclubs. 49% ofinterviewees believedthat there were girls under 18years of age workingat stripclubs.Contact What We Do Connect Search Join Our NetworkMore Client Stories"Many things have changed forme since coming to PolarisProject. I now believe it’s nevertoo late to begin again."converted by Web2PDFConvert.com