3/3 slave labor in homes

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  • 1. Human TraffickingOverviewSex Trafficking in the U.S.Labor Trafficking in the U.S.Agriculture & FarmsDomestic WorkHostess & Strip ClubsRestaurants & Food ServiceFactoriesPeddling & Begging RingsHospitality IndustryOther IndustriesRecognizing the SignsInternational TraffickingTrafficking FAQsState-by-State ResourcesCalendar of EventsThe NHTRC Human Trafficking Report a Tip Access Training Resources Map Get Involved ContactDomestic workers perform work withintheir employers’ households, such ascooking, cleaning, child-care, eldercare, gardening, and other householdwork.Traffickers often exploit a foreign nationaldomestic worker’s unfamiliarity with thelanguage, laws, and customs of the U.S.,and couple this with physical, verbal and/orsexual abuse to create a climate of fear andhelplessness.A 19 year old woman from the Philippines was recruited and brought to the U.S.as a domestic worker by two doctors from Milwaukee, WI in 1985. The coupleforced the young woman to work in their home for the next 19 years until federallaw enforcement removed her. She was isolated, forbidden to go outside, andthreatened by the traffickers with arrest, imprisonment, and deportation if shewas discovered.Read the Department of Justice press release here.Domestic workers perform work within their employers’ households,such as cooking, cleaning, child-care, elder care, gardening and otherhousehold work. Domestic workers may or may not live in theiremployer’s homes. Domestic workers may be U.S. citizens,undocumented immigrants, or foreign nationals with specific visastypes. The following visa types are common: A-3, G-5, NATO-7 or B-1.When does it become trafficking?Victims of domestic servitude commonly work 10 to 16 hours adayor more for little to no pay. A situationbecomes traffickingwhenthe employer uses force, fraudand/or coercionto maintaincontrolover the worker andto cause the worker to believe that he or shehas no other choice but to continue withthe work.Victims of domestic servitude inthe U.S. are most oftenforeignnational womenwithor without documentationlivinginthe homeof their employer. Menandboys may also be victims, but thesecases are less common.Vulnerabilities andMeans of ControlExclusionfromcertainlabor laws –Domestic workers are particularly vulnerable to exploitationdue to their exclusion, either formally or inpractice, fromlaws governingovertime pay, asafe andhealthy work environment, workplace discrimination, andthe right to organize andbargaincollectively. Insufficient contract oversight andenforcement also contribute to domestic workervulnerability to exploitation.ImmigrationStatus –Traffickers oftenuse the threat ofdeportationas well as document confiscationto maintaincontrol of foreignnational domestic workers. Some domesticworkers holdspecial visas whichtie their immigrationstatus to asingle employer. If adomestic worker withanA-3, G-5 orNATO-7 visaleaves anabusive situation, he or she becomesundocumentedandrisks deportation.Means of Control –Traffickers may exert control over theirvictims throughthreats of deportationor other harmto thevictimor the victim’s family, document confiscation, debt,and/or restrictions onmovement andcommunication.Traffickers oftenexploit aforeignnational domestic worker’sunfamiliarity withthe language, laws andcustoms of the US, andcouple this withphysical, verbal and/or sexual abuse to create aclimate of fear andhelplessness. False promises of educationorabetter life are also common.Domestic Work E-mail PrintShareSIGN UP BLOG SEARCH LOGINABOUT USABOUT US WHAT WE DOWHAT WE DO HUMAN TRAFFICKING TAKE ACTIONTAKE ACTION RESOURCESRESOURCES MEDIAMEDIA GIVEGIVEconverted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  • 2. Top ResourcesHumanTraffickingNational HumanTraffickingResourceCenterSex TraffickingintheU.S.RecognizingtheSignsTheVictimsClient QuotesContactPolaris ProjectP.O. Box 53315Washington, D.C. 20009Tel: 202-745-1001Fax: 202-745-1119Email Polaris ProjectWhat We DoNational Human Trafficking HotlinePolicyAdvocacyClient ServicesTraining and TechnicalAssistancePublic Outreach and CommunicationsFellowship ProgramConnect Search Join Our NetworkPrivacy Policy | Copyright 2013 Polaris Project.Sitemap Loginsearch the site enter your emailMore Client Stories"If I call here at anytime, Iknow someone will be here tohelp."converted by Web2PDFConvert.com