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Human TraffickingOverviewSex Trafficking in the U.S.Labor Trafficking in the U.S.Agriculture & FarmsDomestic WorkHostess & Strip ClubsRestaurants & Food ServiceFactoriesPeddling & Begging RingsHospitality IndustryOther IndustriesRecognizing the SignsInternational TraffickingTrafficking FAQsState-by-State ResourcesCalendar of EventsThe NHTRC Human Trafficking Report a Tip Access Training Resources Map Get Involved ContactTraffickers often threaten foreign nationalworkers with arrest and deportation, evenworkers who have the legal right to work inthe United States.Exploitation in agriculture becomestrafficking when the employer uses force,fraud and/or coercion to maintain controlover the worker and to cause the worker tobelieve that he or she has no other choice.“These people are being held in captivity, in some cases in chains… A couple ofworkers literally forcibly busted out of a truck in which they were held againsttheir will. So, the norm there is a disaster, and the extreme is slavery. And this istaking place in the United States of America.”– Senator Bernie SandersVictims of labor traffickinghave beenfoundamongthe nation’smigrant andseasonal farmworkers, includingmen, women, families,or childrenas youngas 5 or 6 years oldwho harvest crops andraiseanimals infields, packingplants, orchards, andnurseries. Victims ofthis formof traffickinginclude U.S. citizens andlegal permanentresidents, undocumentedimmigrants, andforeignnationals withtemporary H-2A work visas.Agricultural work is oftenisolatedandtransient, andincome canbeirregular. Workers oftensee peeks andlulls inemployment due tochangingharvest seasons, andmay travel upanddownthe countryto findwork. Unscrupulous crewleaders exploit these conditions ofvulnerability, addingdebt, violence andthreats to holdfarmworkersinconditions of servitude.Ayoungmancame to the U.S. to lookforwork, because he neededto support his agingparents. Arecruiterhelpedtransport the manalongwith several others. Once inFlorida, the recruiterofferedthemenjobs pickingtomatoes. The youngmanwas forcedto workextremely longhours. Once the recruiterbeat two of the otherworkers whenthey triedto take abreak, andhe threatenedto harmthe otherworkers if they stoppedwork. He also threatenedtoreport the workers to immigrationif they attemptedto leave.*Basedoncalls receivedby the National HumanTraffickingResource Center. Identifyingdetails have beenchangedto protectconfidentiality.Whendoes it become trafficking?Farmworkers frequently face abusive andexploitative treatment, butnot all labor exploitationconstitutes humantrafficking. Exploitationinagriculture becomes traffickingwhenthe employer uses force,fraudand/or coercionto maintaincontrol over the worker andtocause the worker to believe that he or she has no other choice but tocontinue withthe work. Commonmeans of control include:Force–Isolationinmigrant camps andrural areas;control over transportationandcommunicationwithoutsiders;physical or sexual abuse.Fraud–False promises about the job;alteredcontracts andpay-statements;exorbitant recruitmentfees for jobs that have lowwages inactuality.Coercion –Exploitationof foreignnational workers’ lack of familiarity withthe language, laws andcustoms of the U.S.;verbal andpsychological abuse;threats of deportationor other harmto the victimLabor Trafficking in Agriculture E-mail PrintShareSIGN UP BLOG SEARCH LOGINABOUT USABOUT US WHAT WE DOWHAT WE DO HUMAN TRAFFICKING TAKE ACTIONTAKE ACTION RESOURCESRESOURCES MEDIAMEDIA GIVEGIVEconverted by Web2PDFConvert.com