2/2 slave labor on farms
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  • 1. Human TraffickingOverviewSex Trafficking in the U.S.Labor Trafficking in the U.S.Agriculture & FarmsDomestic WorkHostess & Strip ClubsRestaurants & Food ServiceFactoriesPeddling & Begging RingsHospitality IndustryOther IndustriesRecognizing the SignsInternational TraffickingTrafficking FAQsState-by-State ResourcesCalendar of EventsThe NHTRC Human Trafficking Report a Tip Access Training Resources Map Get Involved ContactTraffickers often threaten foreign nationalworkers with arrest and deportation, evenworkers who have the legal right to work inthe United States.Exploitation in agriculture becomestrafficking when the employer uses force,fraud and/or coercion to maintain controlover the worker and to cause the worker tobelieve that he or she has no other choice.“These people are being held in captivity, in some cases in chains… A couple ofworkers literally forcibly busted out of a truck in which they were held againsttheir will. So, the norm there is a disaster, and the extreme is slavery. And this istaking place in the United States of America.”– Senator Bernie SandersVictims of labor traffickinghave beenfoundamongthe nation’smigrant andseasonal farmworkers, includingmen, women, families,or childrenas youngas 5 or 6 years oldwho harvest crops andraiseanimals infields, packingplants, orchards, andnurseries. Victims ofthis formof traffickinginclude U.S. citizens andlegal permanentresidents, undocumentedimmigrants, andforeignnationals withtemporary H-2A work visas.Agricultural work is oftenisolatedandtransient, andincome canbeirregular. Workers oftensee peeks andlulls inemployment due tochangingharvest seasons, andmay travel upanddownthe countryto findwork. Unscrupulous crewleaders exploit these conditions ofvulnerability, addingdebt, violence andthreats to holdfarmworkersinconditions of servitude.Ayoungmancame to the U.S. to lookforwork, because he neededto support his agingparents. Arecruiterhelpedtransport the manalongwith several others. Once inFlorida, the recruiterofferedthemenjobs pickingtomatoes. The youngmanwas forcedto workextremely longhours. Once the recruiterbeat two of the otherworkers whenthey triedto take abreak, andhe threatenedto harmthe otherworkers if they stoppedwork. He also threatenedtoreport the workers to immigrationif they attemptedto leave.*Basedoncalls receivedby the National HumanTraffickingResource Center. Identifyingdetails have beenchangedto protectconfidentiality.Whendoes it become trafficking?Farmworkers frequently face abusive andexploitative treatment, butnot all labor exploitationconstitutes humantrafficking. Exploitationinagriculture becomes traffickingwhenthe employer uses force,fraudand/or coercionto maintaincontrol over the worker andtocause the worker to believe that he or she has no other choice but tocontinue withthe work. Commonmeans of control include:Force–Isolationinmigrant camps andrural areas;control over transportationandcommunicationwithoutsiders;physical or sexual abuse.Fraud–False promises about the job;alteredcontracts andpay-statements;exorbitant recruitmentfees for jobs that have lowwages inactuality.Coercion –Exploitationof foreignnational workers’ lack of familiarity withthe language, laws andcustoms of the U.S.;verbal andpsychological abuse;threats of deportationor other harmto the victimLabor Trafficking in Agriculture E-mail PrintShareSIGN UP BLOG SEARCH LOGINABOUT USABOUT US WHAT WE DOWHAT WE DO HUMAN TRAFFICKING TAKE ACTIONTAKE ACTION RESOURCESRESOURCES MEDIAMEDIA GIVEGIVEconverted by Web2PDFConvert.com
  • 2. Top ResourcesHumanTraffickingNational HumanTraffickingResourceCenterSex TraffickingintheU.S.RecognizingtheSignsTheVictimsClient Quotesor the victim’s family;confiscationof passports andvisas;manipulationof debt workers took ontoobtainthe job;debt bondage throughhighfees for rent, food, tools, transportationandother expenses.*The above list is not comprehensive orcumulative. One element of force, fraudorcoercionmay bepresent, ormany.VulnerabilitiesIsolation –Farmwork oftennecessarily occurs inrural, sparsely populatedareas. Migrantfarmworkers traditionally live inhousingprovidedby their employer. Crewleaders or employers whowishto exert control over farmworkers may keepthemconfinedto the property, sometimes withtheuse of locks, armedguards or dogs. Farmworkers that travel withtheir crewleader alongthe migrantstreamto findwork face further barriers to obtainingassistance, due to constant unfamiliarity withnewsurroundings.Exclusion from certain labor laws–Migrant andseasonal farmworkers are vulnerable toexploitationdue to their exclusionfrombasic labor protections affordedto workers inotherindustries, suchas laws governingovertime pay, the right to organize andbargaincollectively,minimumwage (for some workers), workers’ compensation(for some workers)andless restrictivechildlabor laws. Althoughsome protections exist specifically for farmworkers –suchas healthprotections concerningwork inthe fields andexposure to pesticides, andthe right to sanitary housing–these protections are not adequately enforced.Immigration Status–Traffickers oftenthreatenforeignnational workers witharrest anddeportation, evenworkers who have the legal right to work inthe U.S. Farmworkers onanH-2Atemporary work visaare prohibitedfromworkingfor anemployer other thanthe one who requestedtheir visa, leavingthe worker vulnerable to abuse by anemployer, crewleader, or recruitment agency.Statistics SnapshotSince the passage of the TraffickingVictims ProtectionAct, numerous cases of slavery have emergedinagriculture. Inthe state of Floridaalone, the Department of Justice has prosecuted7 labortraffickingcases, assistingover 1,000 victims. Most recently, onSeptember 2, 2010, the Departmentof Justice issuedanindictment allegingthat Global Horizons, alabor recruitingcompany, recruitedover 400 Thai workers andforcedthemto work inagriculture inat least 13 states by ensuringtheworkers accruedasubstantial debt, confiscatingtheir passports andvisas, anddeportingworkers thatdidn’t cooperate withthe company’s demands.ContactPolaris ProjectP.O. Box 53315Washington, D.C. 20009Tel: 202-745-1001Fax: 202-745-1119Email Polaris ProjectWhat We DoNational Human Trafficking HotlinePolicyAdvocacyClient ServicesTraining and TechnicalAssistancePublic Outreach and CommunicationsFellowship ProgramConnect Search Join Our NetworkPrivacy Policy | Copyright 2013 Polaris Project.Sitemap Loginsearch the site enter your emailMore Client Stories"Many things have changed forme since coming to PolarisProject. I now believe it’s nevertoo late to begin again."converted by Web2PDFConvert.com