Meth & Youth in Australia

663
-1

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
663
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Meth & Youth in Australia

  1. 1. Methamphetamine & Young People by Matthew Gleeson
  2. 2. Introduction This presentation responds to the following questions: 1. What is methamphetamine? 2. What are the effects of methamphetamine? 3. What is the prevalence of methamphetamine use amongst young Australian’s (12 – 15 years of age)? 4. Is Australia experiencing a ‘meth epidemic’?
  3. 3. • A powerful CNS stimulant • A part of the amphetamine family of drugs • Is the most commonly available illicit form of amphetamine in Australia (Source: Connolly et al. 2006) What is Methamphetamine?
  4. 4. What are the effects of methamphetamine? Potential harms • Damage to oral health • Behavioural disturbances • Mood and affective disorders • Psychosis • Risk taking behaviours (e.g. drug driving, unsafe sex practices etc) • Overheating and dehydration • Dependence • Overdose • Risk of BBV transmission associated with injecting
  5. 5. Young people & methamphetamine The shift in the Australian illicit amphetamines markets in the early to mid 1990’s from amphetamine sulphate to predominately methamphetamine has lead to: – An increase in potency of available illicit forms of amphetamines – A diversity of forms of the drug (powder, base and crystal) leading to an increase in the numbers of young people who smoke the drug. According to the Australian National Council on Drugs (ANCD) the growing trend of young people smoking crystal methamphetamine has increased the likelihood of an earlier onset of dependence and other drug related harms (ANCD Position Paper on Methamphetamines 2007)
  6. 6. Is there a meth epidemic in Australia? There has been an inordinate amount of media coverage and media campaigns regarding use if methamphetamines in Australia in recent years. But is there really a ‘meth epidemic’?
  7. 7. Prevalence of use amongst young Australians Sources : Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2011 White, V. & Smith G. 2009
  8. 8. Prevalence of use amongst young Australians • Meth/amphetamine use has declined since a peak in prevalence of use by people 14+ years in 1998 • Trends of use amongst secondary school aged young people (12 – 15 years of age) reflect trends within community up until 2008 when people in this age range were over represented when compared to measures of prevalence in the wider community • Overall use of meth/amphetamines amongst young people continues to trend downwards
  9. 9. Summary • Methamphetamine is a powerful CNS stimulant that is associated with a number of short term and long term drug related harms • The emergence of crystal methamphetamine may have implications for greater numbers of young people exhibiting symptoms of dependence and other drug related harms • While the overall prevalence of recent methamphetamine use remains quite low, young people (12- 15 years of age) are over represented when compared to the general population.
  10. 10. References Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2011. 2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey report. Drug statistics series no. 25. Cat. no. PHE 145. Canberra: AIHW. Australian National Council on Drugs (2007) Methamphetamine Position Paper http://www.ancd.org.au/images/PDF/Positionpapers/pp_methamphetamines.pdf?phpMyAdmin=rGQ2XkOOsKjMp24r2sFwuVc5ibb Australian National Council on Drugs website, accessed 29th August, 2011 Connolly, K., Lee, N. & Clark, C. (2006). from GO to WHOA - Psychostimulants training program for health professionals: Train the Trainer Manual Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia. White, V. & Smith G. (2009) Australian secondary school students’ use of tobacco, alcohol, and over-the-counter and illicit substances in 2008 Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia

×