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SGI13 - Vergroenen ván ICT - SURFnet, groen en cloud ontwikkelingen - Rogier Spoor (SURFnet)
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SGI13 - Vergroenen ván ICT - SURFnet, groen en cloud ontwikkelingen - Rogier Spoor (SURFnet)

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  • 1. Photo: Paul Dekkers Federated and green capacity in the cloud SURFnet IaaS Rogier Spoor Symposium Groene ICT en Duurzame ontwikkeling Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 2. About SURFnet 2 Communities Collaboration Online video, e-learning Monitoring Mail-filtering Wireless, eduroam Authentication (federated) SURFconext (cloud, virt., stor.) NTP DNS and resolving Security IP network (IPv6!) Optical lightpaths LowerlayersMiddlewareEnd-users/Apps the network, and … … just some examples Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 3. SURFnet & green, cloud • Taskforce cloud - Cloud landscape, strategy (and is cloud green?) - Community cloud - Various vendors/operators • Experience with own infrastructure, services, public cloud providers Where’s the glue for our community • Some institutions expect to phase out on-campus datacenter 3 Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 4. SURFnet & green 4 Office% Data%centres% ,%services% Transporta2on% ,%commute% ,%on%mission% Backbone%network% Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 5. ICT enabler: remote conferencing 5 Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 6. Power consumption of the network 6 Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 7. Some countries get energy from water… In NL, water costs energy… better bring bits to the energy, than energy to bits? Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 8. Long distance conference 8 Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 9. Universities and Green: example 9 University of Groningen ~5 MWh usage annually PUE from 1.483 to 1.18 Annual savings over 150.000 euro Aim to increase savings to 300k What did they do? Virtualization Faster replacement of servers Raise temperature Optimize cooling Optimize configuration SURFnetBestPractices Best Practice ICT-scan helpt RUG verduurzamen Het IT-centrum van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen (RUG) wordt steeds groener. Bij de verbouwing en vernieuwing in 2010 is aan duurzaamheid specifiek aan- dacht besteed, onder andere met een ICT-scan. Hans Gankema, hoofd server- infrastructuur, was verantwoordelijk voor dit deelproject. ‘Er viel nog heel wat te winnen op het vlak van duurzaamheid’. Rekenhallen duurzamer Het Donald Smits Centrum voor Informatie Technolo- gie (CIT) biedt IT-diensten, met name aan de RUG en daarnaast aan (onderwijs)instellingen in de regio. Het CIT levert kantoorautomatisering, maar ook reken- kracht voor wetenschappelijke projecten. Voorbeel- den daarvan zijn LOFAR, Target en BiG Grid. Voor dit soort projecten heeft het CIT een supercomputer en diverse grote Linux High Performance Computing clusters in huis. Het CIT beschikt over twee fysiek gescheiden reken- hallen om de diensten te kunnen leveren. Deze reken- hallen gebruiken uiteraard veel energie. Toen ze in 2010 vernieuwd werden omdat de capaciteit niet meer aan de vraag voldeed, was verduurzaming van de ICT een deelproject. Hoe zorgen we ervoor dat de rekenhallen zo weinig mogelijk energie verbruiken? Gankema: ‘Om erachter te komen op welke vlakken energiebesparing mogelijk was, hebben we in 2009 Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 10. Universities and Green: example 10 Universitair Medisch Centrum Utrecht youtu.be/m8y4MhC3gOE youtu.be/PHuY8cmZJB4 Density vs. floorspace Designed for PUE <1.1 current load PUE ~1.2 Use free air cooling, chimneys Pay as you grow Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 11. OpenDCME model: evaluate datacenter 11 en gemonitord van de ICT-infrastructuur? efficiëntie (bijvoorbeeld de afschrijvingsduur van apparatuur) De ICT-scan leverde het CIT een schat aan informatie op. Dit radardiagram biedt daarvan een samenvatting: één fysieke server kunnen tientallen virtuele servers draaien, waarvoor vroeger per stuk een fysieke server nodig was. Zo zijn bij het CIT nu honderden servers minder nodig. ‘De scan liet ons zien dat er veel te winnen was. Door de voorgestelde verbeteringen door te voeren, moest het mogelijk zijn om bijna 75% op de overheadkosten voor energie te besparen’, aldus Gankema. Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 12. the Cloud spectrum 12 Traditional IT IaaS PaaS Storage Servers Networking O/S Middleware Virtualization Data Applications Runtime Storage Servers Networking O/S Middleware Virtualization Data Applications Runtime Youmanage Managedbyvendor Managedbyvendor Youmanage Youmanage Storage Servers Networking O/S Middleware Virtualization Applications Runtime Data SaaS Managedbyvendor Storage Servers Networking O/S Middleware Virtualization Applications Runtime Data © Microsoft Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 13. IaaS cloud use-cases tested • Failover primary website to Iceland for Royal Library, planned downtime, automated via GSLB • Integration of servers in campus network, Open University • Integrate in curriculum, final report = results in a VM DNA Genome research @Inholland hogeschool • Cloud Bursting: Genomics Coordination Center • Provide VMs to 160 CS students (deprovisioning anyone?) • Use for various lab-work @SURFnet: ADFS, Sharepoint, filesender, secure texting, unhosted, mail-scanning, DNS, DNS traffic analysis, optic fiber network modeling... 13(yes, too much text on this slide, that’s intentional... really!) Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 14. Cloudbursting 14 Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 15. IaaS use-cases: student DNA research 15 • Integrate in curriculum, final report = results in a VM DNA Genome research @Inholland hogeschool Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 16. Easier, federated authentication 16 Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 17. GreenQloud, friendly portal 17 Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 18. GreenQloud (report on energy) Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 19. Network integration • Networking to commercial IaaS cloud - Via Netherlight, NORDUnet, … - Use NREN-network capabilities (lightpaths) - Start machines behind own firewall? - Use NREN IP-space? • Reduce networking cost • Investigate latency impact Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 20. Influence on applications • Applications run outside network, different firewall or behind own firewall • Latency 20 VLE? graphfromEquinix Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 21. Proportion renewable 100% (70% hydro, 30% geo) (and cheap) 54% 62% http://bit.ly/GSR2010figuresfor2010electro,notheating Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 22. DC risk assessment Energy security, bandwidth, tax, political stability, education, water, ... Cushman&Wakefieldresearch Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 23. European Economic Area Personal data must stay inside Important for Dutch privacy law! Iceland = OK so… what about US suppliers… Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 24. Pricing IaaS • difficult to compare vendors on VM specs • Running a VM 24 hrs/day -> 2000,- euro/year in cloud • Universities report running VM costs 1000-2000 euro/year • VMware based public clouds are expensive • Enterprise support is non-standard, pay extra • Data transfer costs relatively high 24 Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 25. Conclusion • Easier access lowers the barrier • Setting an example - other IaaS providers - institutions - NRENs - This is just a start...! • IaaS ready for bursting and DTA (OTA in dutch) • Where is your DC in ... years? 25 Thursday, January 31, 2013
  • 26. © Paul Dekkers. Rogier.Spoor@SURFnet.nl Questions? Thursday, January 31, 2013