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SGI13 - Vergroenen dóór ICT - Computersimulaties in de energiesector - Frances Brazier (TU Delft)
 

SGI13 - Vergroenen dóór ICT - Computersimulaties in de energiesector - Frances Brazier (TU Delft)

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    SGI13 - Vergroenen dóór ICT - Computersimulaties in de energiesector - Frances Brazier (TU Delft) SGI13 - Vergroenen dóór ICT - Computersimulaties in de energiesector - Frances Brazier (TU Delft) Presentation Transcript

    • Groene ICT&Duurzaamheid 2013 Computer simulations in an interdisciplinary summer school initiative for the Energy Sector Prof dr Frances Brazier, Systems Enginerring,TBM, TUDelft
    • Groene ICT&Duurzaamheid 2013 The challenge – designing participation for sustainability
    • Participation in social-technical systems, systems that adapt
    • In the energy system
    • Networks in which self-organization is based on local coördination
    • Traditional energy market Energy flows one direction from a few big producers to many small consumers (and industries).
    • • The situation is changing • Distributed (green) generation wind turbines, solar panels, etc. • Consumer becomes producer.
    • • Role power companies is changing; • Ability for consumers to sell power to each other.
    • • Each entity is represented by a software agent; • Agents can operate semi- autonomously to negotiate agreements to buy and sell energy.
    • • But the real market is more complicated; • More agents, more communication.
    • • But the real market is more complicated; • More agents, more communication.
    • • Single agents can’t compete on the large market, smaller dynamic organisations are more effective.
    • • They acquire autonomy.
    • • Organisations negotiate with each other.
    • • Organisations negotiate with each other and change
    • Technological self organisation at the level of the prosumer, based on communication
    • But …. for citizens to be able to take responsibility and to act, to participate, socio-techical self organisation is needed.
    • Distributed ICT networks • Multi-agent systems • Virtual organisations - clustering; • Merging realities
    • Physical networks • buildings, • wind turbines; • power lines: transmission, distribution; • solar panels;
    • Social networks • Social structures; • Governance • Communities
    • Social networks • Social structures • Governance • Communities} Distributed ICT networks • Multi-agent systems; • Virtual organisations -clustering; • Merging realities; } Physical networks • houses, wind turbines; • power lines; • solar panels; } Participation
    • Social networks Governance Social structures Distributed ICT networks Communication Virtual organisation Physical netwokrs Physical infrastructure
    • Distributed management Multiple players: traders/brokers, prosumers Dynamic demand/supply at all levels New market mechanisms New regulations Dynamic clustering/communities Distributed ICT Distributed power generation
    • Urban design
    • The first smart grid city in the US: Boulder, Colorado
    • Boulder • Boulder has a very highly educated population • Environmental concern high on their agenda • National Renewable Energy Labs (NREL) leadership • “Boulder is just one big technology magnet when it comes to anything to do with alternative energy, conservation and end use efficiency (Mauldin)”
    • Well-regulated socio-techno eco system
    • The level of autonomy is the city.
    • The level of autonomy in another case is the community.
    • Requiring design based on • Design for trust: social acceptance, transparency, security • Design for empowerment: • Design for engagement:
    • Requires design based on • Design for trust: social acceptance, transparency, security • Design for empowerment: autonomy, self-management and self-regulation • Design for engagement:
    • Requires design based on • Design for trust: social acceptance, transparency, security • Design for empowerment: autonomy, self-management and self-regulation • Design for engagement: interaction and collaboration
    • Design to engage, to trust, to relate… to participate
    • Taking responsibility, participating… …requires trust, awareness and the ability to act.
    • The focus of Social Networks Understanding human participation in social technical ecological systems: social structures, governance, communities
    • The focus of participation at the level of Distributed ICT distributed social overlays/communities, load balancing distributed aggregation, distributed SLAs, distributed monitoring, distributed clustering Robustness, Resilience, Ability to Adapt, Security, Cascading effects
    • Studied in projects such as Self-organisation of energy network on the basis of its physical health, with agents representing physical network – topology, distributed (RobuSmart) Securing the European Electricity Supply Against Malicious and accidental thrEats (SESAME, EU) Self-Managed Dynamic Institutions in Power Grids: Sharing the Cost of Reliability (NGI)
    • Focus of physical networks Health of the physical network, design of robust topologies, resources and storage,
    • Modelling Prototyping Serious gaming System design Multi-agent systems – the role of simulation
    • Design of distributed systems Single machine simulation agents
    • Design of distributed systems Single machine simulation Distributed simulation AgentScape middleware platform supports both simulation and emulation of large-scale heterogeneous agent systems.
    • Distributed simulation?
    • Vermelding onderdeel organisatie What are the steps in the development cycle? Program Time Network Application Application Setting Theoretical analysis modeled modeled modeled modeled modeled 1a Synchronized simulation real modeled modeled modeled modeled 1b Asynchronous Simulation real real modeled modeled modeled 2 Emulation real real real modeled modeled 3 Demonstrator real real real real modeled Application deployment real real real real real January 31, 2013 43 Dynamic Adaptive Systems Group, Systems Engineering, TPM
    • AgentScape* is a platform designed to this purpose… Framework for • scalable, • interactive, • secure, • robust, • interoperable • distributed autonomous systems/agents • supporting service agreement negotiation • and service agreement enforcement *AgentScape development is currently a joint endeavour with Thales NL
    • AgentScape Conceptual Model
    • AgentScape AgentScape kernel host manager location manager agent server AgentScape kernel interface Web service gateway host manager agent server AgentScape middleware services AgentScape location
    • AgentScape kernel host manager location manager agent server AgentScape kernel interface web service gateway host manager agent server AgentScape middleware services Agentscope Network/Environment interface January 31, 2013 47 Dynamic Adaptive Systems Group, Systems Engineering, TPM
    • PARTICIPATION
    • Thank you for your attention!
    • Design: Cok Francken For more information: www.participatorysystems.org