Hiding and showing informationThe challenges of combining scientific datafrom the public and private domainEsther Jansma
Tree growth: annual tree-ring widthWeather (temperature andprecipitation)Light conditions (photosynthesis)Soil (hydrology)...
Tree-ring measurements3
Applications in the Humanities: DatingMatching undated patternswith dated referencechronologies    Subfossil oaks         ...
Building tree-ring reference chronologies                                  Building    Roman road                  17th ce...
Applications in the Humanities: ProvenancingDetermining the origin of wood                                               A...
Applications in the Humanities: TechnologyDetermining howwood was processedDoors from cabin of Roman barge ‘De Meern 1’: 1...
Applications in the Humanities: interaction withenvironmentEstablishing clearing,thinning, coppicing            Trees of R...
Applications in the Earth and Life Sciences•   Physical Geography: landscape and    vegetation reconstructtion•   Biogeolo...
Applications: using large data setsTree rings reveal climate variability and human history            Annually resolved va...
Wood sources11
Wood sources12
Wood sources13
Organization of cultural dendrochronology
15
Organization of dendrochronologyDataA future scenario…16
Organization of dendrochronology           Verifyable data and results?17
Organization of dendrochronology                data mining?18
The DCCD projectStrategySolution: digitizing, standardizing andconnecting data for verification and reusePhase 1: inventar...
The DCCD projectStrategyStrategyStandardization and exchangeof data and metadataStustainable repository focussedon cultura...
The DCCD projectProductsModel of the DCCD infrastructure                     Communication                       platforms...
The DCCD projectProductsInfrastructure realized in 2012                     TRiDaS22
The DCCD project StrategyParticipantsAcademics, research assistants, PhD students, company directors/co-workers, public se...
The DCCD projectContentContent                      Grabner      BOKU University                    AU     122            ...
The DCCD projectContent
The DCCD projectContent                                     Heritage typeGeographical distribution: heritage type         ...
The DCCD projectContent                            Wood speciesGeographical distribution: wood species          Oak (n=439...
projectContent                         Age (calendar dates)Geographical distribution: time interval               6000 – 2...
The DCCD project                     Support for DCCDRecent developments                  Europe and USAThe tree-ring repo...
The DCCD project      Support for DCCDRecent developments   EU, through DANS                         ARIADNE              ...
The DCCD projectChallengesChallenges of the projectTechnical• Multi-lingual aspects (queries)• Evolving data modelJudicial...
The DCCD project   Roman periodNew Research
The DCCD project   Roman periodNew research       Two millennia ago…33
The DCCD project   Roman periodNew research       De Meern 1: AD 150 - 20034
The DCCD project   Roman periodNew research       De Meern 4: AD 10035
The DCCD project   Roman periodNew research       Clustered data 100 BC-450 AD36
The DCCD project                          Roman periodNew research                              New: a Flemish connection ...
The DCCD project   16th-17th century ADNew research
The DCCD project   16th-17th century ADNew research       Oak from the Ardennes                    Architecture (roof)    ...
The DCCD project   16th-17th century ADNew research       Oak from the Ardennes
16th-17th century AD                                          Oak from the ArdennesChronologies of four different labs, di...
16th-17th century ADOak from the Ardennes:absolute dates
16th-17th century AD          Ardennes timber: Dutch revolt          1568-1648Soldiers Plundering a FarmhouseSebastian Vra...
16th-17th century AD                      Ardennes timber: Dutch revolt                      1568-1648                 Fel...
The DCCD project                      New researchNew research                          Early Middle AgesIn addition to th...
The DCCD projectConclusionThe DCCD infrasctucture has improved    •   International data standardization    •   Access to ...
Het DCCD projectWebsites    DCCD repository: http://dendro.dans.knaw.nl (DANS)    Digital Collaboration Platform www.uu.nl...
Hiding and showing information: the challenges of combining scientific data from the public and private domain
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Hiding and showing information: the challenges of combining scientific data from the public and private domain

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Presentation SURF Research and Innovation Event 2013. February 28, The Hague University of Applied Sciences.

Esther Jansma is Professor Dendrochronology and Palaeo-Ecology of the Quarternary at the Faculty of Geosciences of Utrecht University.

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  • RCE voorstellen: De Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed onderzoekt welke aspecten van het erfgoed het beste zijn om te bewaren. En hoe die cultuurhistorische waarden het beste onderhouden kunnen worden. Op basis van dat onderzoek adviseert de dienst anderen over het behoud van de waardevolle elementen. En denkt mee bij het ontwikkelen van plannen. Daarom werken er bij de Rijksdienst velerlei deskundigen. Specialisten die alles weten over scheepswrakken, over natuursteen of inktvraat of over hoe de Romeinen wegen aanlegden. Die kennis zetten we gericht in om waardevol erfgoed voor Nederland te behouden.
  • Explain the date: grey bars = synchronous ring-width variation.
  • Public and private sector, universities
  • Hiding and showing information: the challenges of combining scientific data from the public and private domain

    1. 1. Hiding and showing informationThe challenges of combining scientific datafrom the public and private domainEsther Jansma
    2. 2. Tree growth: annual tree-ring widthWeather (temperature andprecipitation)Light conditions (photosynthesis)Soil (hydrology)Events (insect outbreaks, forestfires, human impacts)2
    3. 3. Tree-ring measurements3
    4. 4. Applications in the Humanities: DatingMatching undated patternswith dated referencechronologies Subfossil oaks DDF00101 6th millennium BC, Province of Friesland (De -5801 -5751 -5701 -5651 Deelen) 5801 BC 5751 BC 5701 BC 5651 BC
    5. 5. Building tree-ring reference chronologies Building Roman road 17th century Living tree 2nd century Ship wreck 21st century 9th century5
    6. 6. Applications in the Humanities: ProvenancingDetermining the origin of wood ABA00011 Hull planks from Dutch ABA00041 East India vessel De ABA00021 Batavia ABA00031 Middelcurve Batavia ABA12340 Middelcurve Batavia ABA12340 DETRENDED Polish reference chronologie (blue) 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 1550 1600 1650 6
    7. 7. Applications in the Humanities: TechnologyDetermining howwood was processedDoors from cabin of Roman barge ‘De Meern 1’: 1 plank 7
    8. 8. Applications in the Humanities: interaction withenvironmentEstablishing clearing,thinning, coppicing Trees of Roman Increased bridge Cuyk –etc. Middelaar felled growth of remaining in AD 367/68 trees in this forest 200 250 300 350 { 400
    9. 9. Applications in the Earth and Life Sciences• Physical Geography: landscape and vegetation reconstructtion• Biogeology: chronological and spatial variations of weather in the past, climate reconstruction
    10. 10. Applications: using large data setsTree rings reveal climate variability and human history Annually resolved variations of May to June temperature between 1040 and 2011 AD in Eastern Europe Büntgen, U. et al. (2013): Filling the Eastern European gap in millennium-long temperature reconstructions, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA doi:10.1073/pnas.1211485110
    11. 11. Wood sources11
    12. 12. Wood sources12
    13. 13. Wood sources13
    14. 14. Organization of cultural dendrochronology
    15. 15. 15
    16. 16. Organization of dendrochronologyDataA future scenario…16
    17. 17. Organization of dendrochronology Verifyable data and results?17
    18. 18. Organization of dendrochronology data mining?18
    19. 19. The DCCD projectStrategySolution: digitizing, standardizing andconnecting data for verification and reusePhase 1: inventary of needs, developing conceptsand network (workshops, questionaires, interviews)Start-up subsidy NWO/GW IM 2006-2007Phase 2: development of infrastructure and contentLow CountriesSubsidy NWO/GW IM 2007-2012Phase 3: internationalization, research andpublication; EU-fundingSubsidy NWO/GW IG 2010-201319
    20. 20. The DCCD projectStrategyStrategyStandardization and exchangeof data and metadataStustainable repository focussedon cultural and natural heritageIntersectoral collaboration (within the discipline and with otherfields, nationally and internationally)While doing this: involve and be aware of the whishes andneeds of the private sector20
    21. 21. The DCCD projectProductsModel of the DCCD infrastructure Communication platforms Digital data standard Archive Software (PC)21
    22. 22. The DCCD projectProductsInfrastructure realized in 2012 TRiDaS22
    23. 23. The DCCD project StrategyParticipantsAcademics, research assistants, PhD students, company directors/co-workers, public servants (NL, BE, UK, DE, FR, PL, DK, LT, LI, AU, SL,USA, SP)Strategy: Dutch ‘polder model’ • Have meetings, develop data model and research together, get financial support for key parties who otherwise cannot (continue to) participate, stress scientific and financial gain, share results • Let authors of data remain data owner, make sure your data model and digital repository allow the hiding and unlocking of information (e.g., layered data model).
    24. 24. The DCCD projectContentContent Grabner BOKU University AU 122 Hoffsummer Liege University BE 25526 February 2013 Fraiture IRPAKIK (public sector) BE 215 Haneca Flemish Heritage (public sector) BE 1334875 projects Pressler Pressler GmbH (company) D 6075301 objects Tegel Dendronet (company) FR 122>50.000 time series Lambert Liege University, CNRS FR 99 (combination) Pukiene Vytautas Magnus University LT 20• palaeo-ecology Zunde Institute of Latvian History LV 12• archaeology (public sector)• architecture Jansma RCE, RING Foundation, Utrecht University (combination) NL 2223• mobile heritage Van Daalen BAAC bv (company) NL 865• living trees Cufar Ljubljana University SL 7 Suspereggi Arkeolan (company) SP 16 Brown Queens University Belfast UK 148 Tyers English Heritage (public sector) UK 27 Kuniholm Cornell University USA 424
    25. 25. The DCCD projectContent
    26. 26. The DCCD projectContent Heritage typeGeographical distribution: heritage type Archaeology (n=1769) Architecture (n=2410)26 Ship wrecks (n=288) Paintings (n=327)
    27. 27. The DCCD projectContent Wood speciesGeographical distribution: wood species Oak (n=4397) Pine (n=270) Spruce (n=156) Fir (n=258)27
    28. 28. projectContent Age (calendar dates)Geographical distribution: time interval 6000 – 2000 BC 2000 – 1 BC (n=71) (n=214) 1 – 1000 AD 1000 – present28 (n=520) (n=2386)
    29. 29. The DCCD project Support for DCCDRecent developments Europe and USAThe tree-ring repository is growing- Finland: dendrochronologists are switching to new datastandard TRiDaS- Commercial software: incorporating TRiDaS- Software USA: first open source TRiDaS-based measuring andanalytic system has been lauched (TELLERVO)- and…29
    30. 30. The DCCD project Support for DCCDRecent developments EU, through DANS ARIADNE EU 7th framework Combines and integrates existing archaeological research data infrastructures so that researchers can use the various distributed datasets and new and powerful technologies as an integral component of the archaeological research methodology.30
    31. 31. The DCCD projectChallengesChallenges of the projectTechnical• Multi-lingual aspects (queries)• Evolving data modelJudicial• Different laws in different countries: ‘Freedom of Information Act’ (UK, USA) versus no strict rulesProject-related (after the development phase has ended)• Keep ‘external’ participants active: joined research and publications improve the infrastructure (facilities and content) help participants (mail, phone)• Keep support of own organization: make digital connections publish in visible media
    32. 32. The DCCD project Roman periodNew Research
    33. 33. The DCCD project Roman periodNew research Two millennia ago…33
    34. 34. The DCCD project Roman periodNew research De Meern 1: AD 150 - 20034
    35. 35. The DCCD project Roman periodNew research De Meern 4: AD 10035
    36. 36. The DCCD project Roman periodNew research Clustered data 100 BC-450 AD36
    37. 37. The DCCD project Roman periodNew research New: a Flemish connection De Meern 4 + cabin doors De Meern 1: Flemish timber Hypothesis: Roman coastal infrastructure (water)37
    38. 38. The DCCD project 16th-17th century ADNew research
    39. 39. The DCCD project 16th-17th century ADNew research Oak from the Ardennes Architecture (roof) Architecture (foundation) Ship wreck Barrel
    40. 40. The DCCD project 16th-17th century ADNew research Oak from the Ardennes
    41. 41. 16th-17th century AD Oak from the ArdennesChronologies of four different labs, different structures and objects
    42. 42. 16th-17th century ADOak from the Ardennes:absolute dates
    43. 43. 16th-17th century AD Ardennes timber: Dutch revolt 1568-1648Soldiers Plundering a FarmhouseSebastian Vrancx (1573-1647)painted c. 1600(from: Child 2001)
    44. 44. 16th-17th century AD Ardennes timber: Dutch revolt 1568-1648 Felling season Leiden: 75% in spring after the logging season1585 Wood transport 1622 - accross territorial boundaries 1592
    45. 45. The DCCD project New researchNew research Early Middle AgesIn addition to this workNew research funding NWO Humanities2012-2017 (UU)The Dark Age of the Lowlands1. Occupation patterns and land use2. Natural landscape evolution3. Climate and vegetation changes
    46. 46. The DCCD projectConclusionThe DCCD infrasctucture has improved • International data standardization • Access to and sustainable management of these data • New research questions and results • Research funding
    47. 47. Het DCCD projectWebsites DCCD repository: http://dendro.dans.knaw.nl (DANS) Digital Collaboration Platform www.uu.nl/vkc/dendrochronology (UU) Public webpages about DCCD-based projects DCCD user information and FAQ’s Links to TRiDaS-based software for PC and all source code Environment for further developing controlled vocabularies Tree-Ring Data Standard, TRiDaS: www.tridas.org My adress: e.jansma@cultureelerfgoed.nl
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