Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
BSA Scouting Heritage
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

BSA Scouting Heritage


Published on

This is part of a temporary display that is designed to support a Troop activity to earn Scouting Heritage merit badge. …

This is part of a temporary display that is designed to support a Troop activity to earn Scouting Heritage merit badge.
There are still requirements to fullfill to succsesfully earn the merit badge. Two examples include playing a game that might have been played at Brown Sea Island. And to talk to two founding members of the troop.

Published in: Education

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1.      Born: Robert Stephenson Smyth Powell in London on February 22, 1857. His father was Rev. Baden Powell. Father died when Robert was 3 years old. As a tribute to Rev. Powell, the family name was changed to Baden-Powell. In Scouting, usually known simply as “BP”. In 1929, was created Baron Baden-Powell, of Gilwell. Thereafter known as Lord Baden-Powell
  • 2.  At 18 he failed his college exams  Joined the British Army as an Calvary officer ◦ Sent immediately to India  In 1880, sent to Afghanistan to quell tribal conflicts ◦ British pulled out within a year  At 26, promoted to Captain and sent to S. Africa ◦ Boers were fighting with the Zulu’s  In 1890, stationed in Malta ◦ promoted to Major ◦ Sent on intelligence missions posing as a Butterfly Collector  Participated in the Ashanti Expedition in 1895 ◦ Gold Coast of Africa (Ghana) where tribes were fighting over control of the slave trade ◦ Promoted to Lt. Colonel  1897 promoted to full Colonel commanding the 5th Dragoon Guards in India
  • 3. While in India, B-P’s first military book entitled “Reconnaissance and Scouting was published. British officers did not “rough it”. Each was assigned 7 servants to see to their every need.
  • 4.  As commander of a Calvary regiment, B-P used his creativity to design new training techniques ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Training must be fun Best if conducted in small groups Should encourage self-discipline Offer opportunities for accepting responsibility Handbooks work well Advancement based on training achievement  Those that passed received the rank of “Scout”  Emblem was a Fleur-de-lys
  • 5.  In 1899 B-P sent to S. African Boer War ◦ B-P Commander-in-Chief of the Rhodesian Frontier Force ◦ Dutch, British and native tribes fighting over land and sovereignty  B-P defends the city of Mafeking from the Boers (Dutch) ◦ Siege lasts 217 days ◦ His book “Aids to Scouting” is published  Covers outdoor skills needed for military personnel ◦ B-P becomes a national hero ◦ Promoted to Major-General
  • 6.   B-P sets up a new S. African army Designs uniforms himself ◦ Khaki shirt with soft collar ◦ Round brimmed campaign hats ◦ Implements his training techniques  Morale and enthusiasm so high, the soldiers adopted the slogan “Be Prepared” ◦ Each division divided into 4 “Districts” ◦ Districts divided into “Troops” ◦ Troops divided into “Patrols” of 6 men  Each has a “patrol leader”
  • 7.  In 1904 B-P becomes Inspector General of Great Britain and Ireland ◦ Tours England and finds many schools, YMCAs, and other youth military groups are using his book Aids to Scouting as a handbook ◦ Over 50,000 boys participating throughout England ◦ B-P believes participation could be much bigger if boys performed more fun, non-military type activities ◦ He envisions a movement that could help the impoverished youth of England  Begins to modify his Aids to Scouting book to include outdoor camping skills and citizenship
  • 8.  In 1906 B-P receives a book entitled The Birch-bark Roll of the Woodcraft Indians ◦ Authored by Ernest Thomson Seton ◦ An American boys group focused on Indian lore and frontier skills ◦ The two men meet in London and agree to merge their ideas to form a boy’s organization  The Boy Scouts was born ◦ Each area would be set up as a “Council” ◦ Achievement awards were changed from feathers to merit badges
  • 9.  In 1907 B-P published his outline for the Boy Scouts ◦ Received wide acceptance  Object: To make the rising generation, of whatever class or creed, into good citizens  Subjects: activities such as tracking, woodcraft, lifesaving, health, thrift, self-sacrifice, discipline, responsibility, chivalry, and patriotism  Organization: patrols, led by a Scoutmaster
  • 10.  On July 29, 1907 B-P held the first Boy Scout summer camp ◦ Brownsea Island, off southern coast of England ◦ Invited 21 boys to attend ◦ Issued S. African army uniforms ◦ Created patrol names (Wolves, Bulls, Ravens)  The first Boy Scout campfire was held on July 31, 1907 ◦ B-P told stories about his military career  The last day of camp, the scouts played games ◦ Scout planned, and led
  • 11.  In 1908, a re-written handbook “Scouting for Boys” was published ◦ Outlined the Scout Oath, Law, rank advancement to First Class and merit badges. ◦ Created the official scout salute and uniform   Tens of thousands of boys joined within a few years B-P always planned on Scouting to be a part of other organizations ◦ Boys wanted to be Scouts, and only Scouts ◦ Led to a stand-alone Boy Scout organization  By 1909, scouting had spread to India and Canada
  • 12.     Small island off the coast of southern England Baden-Powell had visited the site as a boy with his brothers Birth of Scouting in August 1907 ◦ 20 Boys arranged in 4 patrols: Wolves, Ravens, Bulls and Curlews ◦ Boys received brass fleur-de-lis badges, the first use of the Scout emblem, and colored knot on shoulder indicating patrol. ◦ After passing tests on knots, tracking, and the national flag, given another brass badge, a scroll with the words Be Prepared, to wear below the fleur-de-lis World Jamborees held in 1973 and 2007
  • 13.  In 1909, the King of England knighted B-P  In 1910 B-P initiated the Cub Scout program to prepare both boys and adults for scouting  In 1919, the King gave land at Gilwell Park to serve as the official Boy Scout training center  Site of the first Boy Scout Jamboree and Wood Badge leadership training course  In 1920, site of the first Boy Scout World Jamboree ◦ B-P named Chief Scout of the World  B-P died in 1937
  • 14.    Jamboree: etymology is "19th century, origin unknown”, possibly from Swahili word for hello: jambo Meaning: rowdy, boisterous gathering First World Jamboree – 1920 ◦ Kensington Olympia - London, England ◦ 8,000 Scouts ◦ 34 nations
  • 15.  In 1909, William Boyce visited London and became lost ◦ A Boy Scout helped him find his way and would not accept a tip, for Scouts were expected to do a good turn daily ◦ Boyce was so impressed, he wrote to B-P about bringing scouting the America  The BSA was established in 1910 ◦ President Theodore Roosevelt was named Chief Scout Citizen ◦ Merged with the Sons of Daniel Boone, a backwoods boys group founded by Daniel Carter Beard  In 1912, the Boys Life magazine was created  Arthur Eldred becomes the first Eagle Scout  Scout dues were 25 cents
  • 16. Daniel Carter Beard (1850-1941) ◦ Original Founder of the Sons of Daniel Boone (aka Daniel Boone Scouts) ◦ Author of American Boys’ Handy Book ◦ Served as one of the first National Scout Commissioners ◦ Served for thirty years ◦ Helped establish Camp Fire Girls ◦ Boyhood home in Covington, KY is a National Historic Landmark  Private home. Cannot go in.  Several memorial plaques and monuments in and around property
  • 17. Waite Philips (1883-1964) ◦ Rich oilman from Tulsa, OK ◦ Donated his New Mexico ranch to the BSA  Became the 127,000 acre Philmont Scout Ranch  Abreu family own some of original property. CAPT Mike Abreu is PMW-202 Dr. James West (1876-1948) ◦ The first Chief Scout Executive of the BSA ◦ Served from 1911-1943 ◦ Instrumental in guiding the development of the BSA  Conflicts between Seton and Beard over control of BSA
  • 18.     Boy Scouts - 1910 Cub Scouts – 1930, but experimental until 1934 Explorer Scouts - 1949 Venturing - 1998
  • 19.  1914 – 100,000 scouts nationwide  1920 – First World Jamboree held in London  1937 – First US Jamboree held  1939 – Philmont Scout Ranch established  1941 – Webelos established  1945 – 1 million scouts in the US  1982 – 1 million Eagle scouts  2000 – 100 million boys have been scouts  2010 – 17th National Jamboree held in Wash. D.C.  2013- Site for National Jamboree establish in WV
  • 20.  The highest rank in British scouting is First Class, with the Chief Scout Gold Award earned by completing merit badges  The BSA ranks of Star, Life and Eagle were also initially merit badge awards available to First Class scouts ◦ Eagle became the highest rank in 1911 ◦ The King of England wanted the highest rank in scouting to be the “Kings Scout” ◦ In 1910, the highest BSA rank was “Wolf Scout”  As of 2008, there have been 1.8 million Eagle scouts in the US – 2% of total scout membership
  • 21.  President Ford (Eagle)   Sec. of Defense Robert Gates (Eagle)  Willie Banks (Eagle)  “Guy” Bluford(Eagle)     Mike Rowe (Eagle)  Steven Spielberg (Eagle)  Sam Walton (Walmart) (Eagle)   Henry Aaron – Home run king Walter Cronkite – TV newsman Henry Fonda – actor Pres. Kennedy Bill Gates – Microsoft Jimmy Stewart – actor
  • 22.   Official handbook of the Boy Scouts of America – First edition printed in 1911 Boys’ Life monthly magazine. First published in 1911  The magazine's mascot is Pedro the Mailburro, signs his letters with the signature "UU", meant to represent the hoofprints of a burro. 1st Edition 12th Edition