BSA Citizenship in the World
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BSA Citizenship in the World

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This seminar is designed for a Citizenship in the World seminar. ...

This seminar is designed for a Citizenship in the World seminar.
There are activities outside of the seminar that must be completed to fulfill the merit badge requirement.

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  • 1. American Heritage Citizenship in the Nation Merit Badge Seminar and Study on Global Citizenship Grant Graessle Charter Organization Representative, Troop & Pack 1203 E-mail: stewfoot@verizon.net Phone: (301) 866-9776
  • 2. Citizenship in the World 2
  • 3. What is Citizenship? • Original poem written by Francis Scott Key after the bombardment of Fort McHenry on the morning of September 14th, 1814. – Poem set to a popular pub drinking song: "To Anacreon in Heaven“ 3
  • 4. Grant Graessle • Eagle Scout 1979 – National Jamboree 1981 2013 • Education – BA , USC 1987; MA, University of Phoenix 1999; MA, Naval War College 2007 • Wood Badge Course, NCAC Spring 2013 • Navy Reserve – Retired CDR, December 2009 – Deployed to Iraq (among other places) • Work for Naval Air Systems Command – Cost Analyst 17 years • Other interesting jobs include U.S. House of Representatives, Newport News Shipbuilding, U.S. Navy Supply Officer • Graessle family circus includes wife, 3 kids (two adopted from Kazakhstan), homeschoolers 4
  • 5. How Class Will Work • If you participate, ask questions, talk about your understanding of citizenship. You will fulfill all requirements • Each session: – – – – – • During Break – – • Listen to some music Talk a little history Talk a little civics Listen to some more music Take a break. Use time to go to the bathroom, stretch and… Fill out the worksheets. Blue Cards? Work sheets? 5
  • 6. What does Citizenship mean to you? Guest Speaker What is in the news today?
  • 7. World events • World news services – Internet (BBC, Al Jizerah) – World Band Radio (almost all countires) 7
  • 8. U.S. Foreign Police execution Some sources of Policy – – – – Treaty Accepted practice (That‟s the way we‟ve always done it) Executive decision Almost every Department (State, Judicial, Energy, Commerce) has a role • What an Embassy overseas looks like Department of State – – • Bureau of International Information Programs (IIP) – • Department of State, Office of Secretary U.S. Mission to the UN Mission: Provides and supports the places, content, and infrastructure needed for sustained conversations with foreign audiences to build America‟s reputation abroad. • Voice of America US Agency for International Development – – – Created USAID in 1961 by executive order Authorized by the Congress in the Foreign Assistance Act Technically an independent federal agency • SAID operates subject to the foreign policy guidance of the President, Secretary of State, and the National Security Council Department of Commerce – – United States Commercial Service International Trade Administration 9
  • 9. National vs International laws • National – Legislative process – Enforceable through agencies, fines, tax rebates – Applies only to that country • International – Agreed upon through treaty process – Not easily enforceable if state/country does not want to play – Generally not seen by average citizen 10
  • 10. Types of NGOs Non-governmental organization • Two types – – • Orientation – – – – • Orientation Operation Charitable (Red Cross, Amnesty International) Service (Peace Corps) Participatory (World Scouting Movement) Empowering Operation – – – – Community/City State National International 11
  • 11. Who is the UN? United Nations (UN) – Governmental organization – – Currently 193 member states Founded 1945 – UN Charter source of International law, treaties and definition of „Human Rights‟ • • • – – – General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly) Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security) Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) (for assisting in promoting international economic and social co-operation and development) Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN) International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ) United Nations Trusteeship Council (currently inactive) Other prominent organs – – – • Charter drafted at Dumbarton Oaks in Georgetown Six principal organs – – – • Intergovernmental organization World Health Organization (WHO) World Food Program (WFP) United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Non-governmental organizations may be granted consultative status with ECOSOC – – – Sovereign Military order of the Temple of Jerusalem World Veterans Federation World Organization of the Scout Movement 12
  • 12. Who is the WOSM? • World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) • Mission: “To contribute to the education of young people, through a value system based on the Scout Promise and Scout Law, to help build a better world where people are self-fulfilled as individuals and play a constructive role in society" – – – – • Established 1922 Non-governmental international organization Currently 162 members Organized into regions and operates with a conference, committee and bureau World Jamboree held every four years – – – – 1979: XV - Nishapur, Iran “Join In” Jamboree: sister cities exchange troops 2011: XXII – Rinkaby, Sweden 2015: XXIII - Kirarahama, Japan 2019: XXIV - Bechtel Scout Reservation! 13
  • 13. Several types of government • Anarchy • Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i.e., without any laws, constitution, or legally organized opposition. • Commonwealth - a nation, state, or other political entity founded on law and united by a compact of the people for the common good. • Communist - a system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single - often authoritarian - party holds power; state controls are imposed with the elimination of private ownership of property or capital while claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people (i.e., a classless society) • Constitutional democracy - a form of government in which the sovereign power of the people is spelled out in a governing constitution • Constitutional monarchy - a system of government in which a monarch is guided by a constitution whereby his/her rights, duties, and responsibilities are spelled out in written law or by custom • Democracy - a form of government in which the supreme power is retained by the people, but which is usually exercised indirectly through a system of representation and delegated authority periodically renewed • Dictatorship - a form of government in which a ruler or small clique wield absolute power (not restricted by a constitution or laws) • Ecclesiastical - a government administrated by a church. • Oligarcy - A government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power 14
  • 14. Examples Name the type of government – – – – – – – – – – – – – South Africa United States United Kingdom India, Sri Lanka, Ireland, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, Fiji Somalia Peurto Rico Libya Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Peoples Republic of China Vatican City Pakistan Iran Turkey 15
  • 15. Types of government 16
  • 16. Citizenship in the World Questions? 17
  • 17. Syllabus • • • • • • • • • • • Session 1 Opening Pledge of Allegiance (PoA) “Star Spangled Banner” Welcome/ Purpose/Merit badges Blue Cards/what requirements we will complete/ how we will conduct course Explain what citizenship in the world means to you and what you think it takes to be a good world citizen (CinW 1) Explain how one becomes a citizen in the United States, and explain the rights, duties, and obligations of U.S. citizenship. Discuss the similarities and differences between the rights, duties, and obligations of U.S. citizens and the citizens of two other countries (CinW 2) Guest speaker (CinW 6a, 6b, 6c 7c) – Explain how a government is represented abroad and how the United States government is accredited to international organization (CinW 6a) – Describe the roles of the following in the conduct of foreign relations. (CinW 6b) • Ambassador • Consul • Explain the purpose of a passport and visa for international travel • Scout experiences from his country (CinW 7c) World Events and some geography(CinW 3a, 3b, 7b) Break 18 • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Session 2 US Foreign Policy execution Department of State structure Bureau of International Information Programs (CinW 6b) Agency for International Development (CinW 6b) United States and Foreign Commercial Service (CinW 6b) DoS Web site (With your parent/guardian's. (CinW 7a) International Law Difference between international from national law (CinW 4a) Internaitonal Organizations Types Two examples (CinW 4c) Types of government Discuss the differences between constitutional and nonconstitutional governments (CinW 5a). Five different types of governments (CinW 5b, 5c)