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Authentication means in electronic environments
 

Authentication means in electronic environments

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    Authentication means in electronic environments Authentication means in electronic environments Presentation Transcript

    • Authentication means in electronic environments
    • Authentication
      • Identity vs. Authentication
      • Needs
          • Ensure authenticity of data source or person
      • Need for physical authentication in e-services
          • Provide authentic services
          • Data confidentiality
      • Risks
          • Identity thefts
          • Fake services, confidential information stealing
    • Authentication
      • for a positive authentication, elements from at least two, and preferably all three, factors be verified.
          • the ownership factors: Something the user has (ID-Cards, magnetic card, ...)
          • the knowledge factors: Something the user knows (e.g., a password, pass phrase,)
          • the inheritance factors: Something the user is or does (biometric identifiers).
    • Authentication technologies
      • Password cards (random numbers)
          • Cheap to produce
          • Easy to copy, Not scalable
      • One-time passwords (at paper)
          • Cheap, better security
          • Not scalable
      • PIN-Calculators
          • Relatively secure
          • You need 1 calculator per service, not scalable
          • NB!: Swedish BankID
      • ID-Cards (PKI)
          • Secure,
          • Complicate to adapt and high cost of infrastructure
      • Mobile-ID (WPKI), RFID in mobile phones, etc...
    • Challenges of eID adaption
      • Critical mass of users
      • Technology adaption is key factor
        • Adaption in e-Services (financial and public sectors!)
        • Adaption among users:
            • Users take service security as granted – higher security is NOT sales argument
            • Barriers of installing and lack of card-readers (not in mobile-ID)
            • Usability of client-software
      • Unsuccessful business models of certification authorities
      • Infrastructure should be provided by public sectors
    • STORK project
      • S ecure Iden t ity Acr o ss Bo r ders Lin k ed
        • Establish a European eID interoperability Platform
        • Will allow citizens to establish new e-relations across borders, just by presenting their national eID
        • Pilot projects:
          • Cross border authentication platform - for electronic services
          • Safer Chat - To promote safe use of the Internet by children and young people
          • Student Mobility - To help people who want to study in different Member States
          • Electronic Delivery - To develop cross-border mechanisms for secure online delivery of documents
          • Change of Address - To assist people moving across EU borders
          • European Commission Authentication Service – ECAS
    • All MS have their own eID infrastructure CITIZEN CITIZEN CITIZEN CITIZEN CITIZEN
    • Pan European Proxy Service