Battles Month, Year,
Outcome Significant Point
1Fort Sumter April, 1861
Confederacy demanded that the Union
surrender the fort, since the fort was now
Lincoln was requested to send troops and
The Union refused to give up the fort, so
the Confederacy opened fire on them.
This was the battle that led to the Civil
No casualties during the battle.
Col. George A. Porterfield's was in
charge of Virginia. He didn't have
He was attacked by a union General,
George B. McClellan was going to attack
him. The union General
attacked him, but he had already gone
away. This was the first victory for the
General Butler attacked the rebels at Big
Bethel. He sent two columns to deliver
an attack on the rebels secretly.
However the rebels were alarmed and the
fired back. Later on General Butler's men
of Bull Run
Poorly prepared Union army led by
Irving McDowell marched against and
fired on Confederate army;
Confederate forces were at first driven
back, but reinforcements came up behind
Jackson and broke the Union flank,
driving the Union army back.
Thomas Jackson earned his nickname,
a union General, General Ulysses Grant
got an approval from General Hallec, in
order to take over Fort Henry.
A General of the Confederate Army,
Gen. Tilghman was Brave and
His goals were to secure Fort Henry and
Fort Donelson. Although he wasn't a
quitter, he was "outgunned".
Finally he surrendered Fort Henry to the
The Union Army, led by Capt. Stephen
C. Rowan's went into Elizabeth city with
City his gun boats.
They fired at and subdued Confederate
Capt. William F. Lynch forces there. The
CSS Clack Warrior
was extremely damaged from the attack.
7Shiloh April, 1862
2 day battle; Ulysses Grant marched
toward Corinth, MS; General Albert S.
Johnston gathered troops to halt his
Grant stopped and gathered
then Johnston attacked, surprising the
Union. It was a very bloody battle.
Grant’s troops won, but both sides
suffered many casualties.
8 Second Battle of
August, 1862 Union
Union started this battle; Southern
commander was General Lee and
Northern was General Pope;
General Jackson helped the
Confederates and Longstreet’s
troops and McClellan helped the
9 Harpers Ferry September, 1862 Confederate
George McClellan's men find a
copy of Lee's Special Orders
detailing deployment of
Confederate troops during the
initial phase of the invasion of
Maryland, including the attack on
September, 1862 Union
This battle forced Confederate
Army to go back across the
Potomac River. President Lincoln
issued the famous Emancipation
Proclamation in 1862. The
outcome of this battle was not
conclusive but North did win in
Burnside sent troops to
Fredericksburg and Lee reacted
by reinforcing the army on his
side. Jackson, Bayard, Cobb and
Gregg were killed.
12Battle of Stones
The victory of the battle rose up
the Union's moral.
13Battle of April-May, 1863 Confederate This battle was considered by
Victory many historians to be General
Lee’s greatest victory.
14Vicksburg May-July, 1863
The Union army laid siege on
Confederate army in Vicksburg;
forced some of the city people to
live in caves to avoid being
virtually split in
half the Confederate army; known
as one of the most brilliant
campaigns in the war
15Gettysburg July, 1863
Robert E. Lee’s troops attacked the
Union army in Gettysburg,
but on the third day they were driven
massive three day battle;
Pickett’s Charge cut the Union line,
the Confederates were driven back;
Lee’s wounded was a trail of fourteen
miles; turn-around for the Union
General Thomas Ewing of the Union,
was trying to stop William C.
Quantrill and his guerrilla.
He got into Kansas City and began to
arrest people that he felt were helping
Quantril and his guerrilla.
He kept the in a prison cell in Kansas,
however the prison collapsed and
some people were killed,
and some of them were injured.
When Quantrill heard this, he was
outraged, and he set out to
Lawrence, Kansas, to destroy and kill
people there as an answer.
The Confederates didn't gain any
profit from the battle because the
just went and retreated back
to Chattanooga and had time for
Confederate soldiers were under
General Braxton Bragg and
Union soldiers were under
Tennessee General Rosecrans and Grant.
19Battle of Cold
Grant ordered attack on the
Bethesda Church-Cold Harbor
line and he commented that the
was the only regret he had.
Union General James Morton
died as one the Union casualties.