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  • 1. Battles Month, Year, Location Outcome Significant Point 1Fort Sumter April, 1861 near Charleston, South Carolina Confederate Victory Confederacy demanded that the Union surrender the fort, since the fort was now Confederate territory; Lincoln was requested to send troops and supplies. The Union refused to give up the fort, so the Confederacy opened fire on them. This was the battle that led to the Civil War. No casualties during the battle. 2Skirmish at Philippi June3, 1861 Philippi Union Victory Col. George A. Porterfield's was in charge of Virginia. He didn't have experienced officers. He was attacked by a union General, George B. McClellan was going to attack him. The union General attacked him, but he had already gone away. This was the first victory for the North. 3Battle of Big Bethel June10, 1861 Big Bethel Confederate Victory General Butler attacked the rebels at Big Bethel. He sent two columns to deliver an attack on the rebels secretly. However the rebels were alarmed and the fired back. Later on General Butler's men withdrew. 4First Battle of Bull Run July, 1861 Near Manassas, Virginia Confederate Victory Poorly prepared Union army led by Irving McDowell marched against and fired on Confederate army; Confederate forces were at first driven back, but reinforcements came up behind Jackson and broke the Union flank, driving the Union army back. Thomas Jackson earned his nickname, “Stonewall". 5Battle of Fort Henry Jan-Feb6, 1862 Fort Henry Union Victory a union General, General Ulysses Grant got an approval from General Hallec, in order to take over Fort Henry. A General of the Confederate Army, Gen. Tilghman was Brave and Courageous. His goals were to secure Fort Henry and Fort Donelson. Although he wasn't a quitter, he was "outgunned". Finally he surrendered Fort Henry to the union Army 6Capture of Elizabeth Feb8, 1862 Elizabeth City Union Victory The Union Army, led by Capt. Stephen C. Rowan's went into Elizabeth city with
  • 2. City his gun boats. They fired at and subdued Confederate Capt. William F. Lynch forces there. The CSS Clack Warrior was extremely damaged from the attack. 7Shiloh April, 1862 Pittsburgh Landing, Tennessee Union Victory 2 day battle; Ulysses Grant marched toward Corinth, MS; General Albert S. Johnston gathered troops to halt his advance. Grant stopped and gathered reinforcements; then Johnston attacked, surprising the Union. It was a very bloody battle. Grant’s troops won, but both sides suffered many casualties. 8 Second Battle of Bull Run August, 1862 Union Victory Union started this battle; Southern commander was General Lee and Northern was General Pope; General Jackson helped the Confederates and Longstreet’s troops and McClellan helped the Union 9 Harpers Ferry September, 1862 Confederate Victory George McClellan's men find a copy of Lee's Special Orders detailing deployment of Confederate troops during the initial phase of the invasion of Maryland, including the attack on Harper's Ferry. 10Battle of Antietam September, 1862 Union Victory This battle forced Confederate Army to go back across the Potomac River. President Lincoln issued the famous Emancipation Proclamation in 1862. The outcome of this battle was not conclusive but North did win in strategies. 11Battle of Fredericksburg December, 1862 Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburg Confederate Victory Burnside sent troops to Fredericksburg and Lee reacted by reinforcing the army on his side. Jackson, Bayard, Cobb and Gregg were killed. 12Battle of Stones River December- January, 1862- 1863 Stone River, Tennessee Union Victory The victory of the battle rose up the Union's moral. 13Battle of April-May, 1863 Confederate This battle was considered by
  • 3. Chancellorsville Spotsylvania County Victory many historians to be General Lee’s greatest victory. 14Vicksburg May-July, 1863 Vicksburg, Mississippi Union Victory The Union army laid siege on Confederate army in Vicksburg; forced some of the city people to live in caves to avoid being shelled; virtually split in half the Confederate army; known as one of the most brilliant campaigns in the war 15Gettysburg July, 1863 Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Union Victory Robert E. Lee’s troops attacked the Union army in Gettysburg, but on the third day they were driven back; massive three day battle; Pickett’s Charge cut the Union line, but the Confederates were driven back; Lee’s wounded was a trail of fourteen miles; turn-around for the Union 16Lawrence Massacre August, 1863 Lawrence, Kansas Confederate Victory General Thomas Ewing of the Union, was trying to stop William C. Quantrill and his guerrilla. He got into Kansas City and began to arrest people that he felt were helping Quantril and his guerrilla. He kept the in a prison cell in Kansas, however the prison collapsed and some people were killed, and some of them were injured. When Quantrill heard this, he was outraged, and he set out to Lawrence, Kansas, to destroy and kill people there as an answer. 17Battle of Chickamauga September, 1863 Chickamauga, Georgia Confederate Victory The Confederates didn't gain any profit from the battle because the Union army just went and retreated back to Chattanooga and had time for reinforcements. 18Battle of Chattanooga November, 1863 Chattanooga Valley, Union Victory Confederate soldiers were under General Braxton Bragg and Union soldiers were under
  • 4. Tennessee General Rosecrans and Grant. 19Battle of Cold Harbor May-June, 1864 Cold Harbor, Virginia Confederate Victory Grant ordered attack on the Bethesda Church-Cold Harbor line and he commented that the attack was the only regret he had. 20Siege of Petersburg June, 1864 Petersburg, Virginia Confederate Victory Union General James Morton died as one the Union casualties.