Located America is a country located in northwestern South America, organized constitutionally as a decentralized unitary republic. Its capital is Bogota. Its area is 2,070,408 km2, of which 1,141,748 km2 correspond to the mainland and the remaining 928 660 km2 to its. maritime extension, which maintains border disputes with Venezuela and Nicaragua. It borders on Venezuela and Brazil, south to Peru and Ecuador and Panama to the northwest, in terms of maritime boundaries, borders with Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic and Venezuela in the Caribbean, and Panama, Costa Rica and Ecuador in the Pacific Ocean.
Colombia is a member OF THE:UNASUR, UN, Pacific Alliance, OAS, CAN, FLAR, Mercosur4, UL, CIVETS, ABINIA, IAEA, BCIE, OEI, FAO, G-3, G-77, Rio Group,IADB, IBRD, ICAO, IFAD, IFC IFRCS, WHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, ISO, ITU, NAM, OPANAL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO WTO, AEC.
HistoryPre-colombina Archaeological and El Abra, the current population of Colombia was initiated between 11000 and 20000 to. C. The routes of the population were varied, as is witnessed by the different language families and the diverse cultural development (Paleoindian, Archaic, training). Given its geographical location, the present territory of Colombia was a corridor of populations between Mesoamerica, the Caribbean, the Andes and the Amazon. The latter show dates for the period Paleoindian sites. For the sixteenth century, the territory was occupied by people in various states of training, such as the Arawak, Carib and Chibcha, the latter two groups (the Tairona and Muisca) which highlights the superior training with a high level of civilization .
ClimateThe climate in Colombia varies from extreme coldin the snow, even the warmest sea level, with two dry seasons and two of rainfall influence of trade winds and the intertropical convergence zone, which are influenced in turn by the effects of El Niño and La Niña.During the month of April,effects of wind and steam to produce two periodsof intense rainfall (called Winter) and two drought or sporadic rains (called summer).
Language Colombia states that Castilian is the official language and the languages and dialects of ethnic groups are also official in their territories.The education provided in communities with theirown linguistic traditions will be bilingual. There are approximately 65 indigenous languages and two Creole languages that are still preserved, among which the Wayuu language, the Paez, the Misak and the Embera.
Fauna and FloraColombia is one of the diverse countries in biodiversity, ranking third in living species and second species of birds. In terms of flora, the country has between 40 000 and 45 000 plant species, equivalent to 10 or 20% of all species worldwide, considered very high for a country full intermedio.En size, Colombia is the second most biodiverse in the world, after Brazil.
HydrographyColombia is one of the countries with the largestwater resources, rivers, streams and water birth, is also the principal water source in the worldcitation needed, on whose territory there are five major aspects basins, called the site in thatempty: Caribbean, Orinoco, Amazon, Pacific and Catatumbo.
sanTiago de cali Is the capital of Valle del Cauca department in Colombia and the third most populous city after Bogota and Medellin. Cali was founded in 1536 and although it is one of the oldest cities in America.
carTagena de indias Is a city in Colombia, capital of the department of Bolivar. was founded on 1. ° June 1533 by Pedro de Heredia. It is the fifth largest city in population after Bogota, Medellin, Cali and Barranquilla.
medellin Colombian town and municipality, capital of Antioquia department. Located in the northwest of the country in the center Aburrá Valley, located in the Cordillera Central.a population of 2,343,049
BogoTá Is the capital city of the Republic of Colombia. Bogota has a population of 7,363,782 inhabitants.It has a length of 33 km from south to north and 16 km from east to west.
Fernando BoteroIs a painter, sculptor and draftsman born on April 19, 1932 in Medellin (Colombia). Universal art icon, extensive work is recognized by children and adults alike everywhere. It is considered the living artist originally from Latin Americas most recognized and quoted in the world today.
Bandeja paisa Herbalist is a dish typical of the cuisine of Antioquia, corresponding to the current departments of Antioquia, Caldas Old Coffee (Caldas, Quindio and Risaralda), northern part of Valle del Cauca and northern Tolima in Colombia.
SancochoThe stew is a soup consisting of meat, tubers, vegetables and seasonings. Among its origins seem to be the melting pot Taino, Spanish stew, pot rotten Spanish and Corsican stews, Irish, Danish, German, Italian and French.
Tamal Indian-Americans generally prepared with cornmeal cooked usually steamed, wrapped in husks from the same plant corn or bijao, maguey, avocado, Canak and even aluminum foil or plástico.puede contain meat, vegetables, chili , fruit, sauce, etc.. They can also be sweet or salty.
Rice with chickenThe arroz con pollo is a dish typical of Latin America with regional variations by country. It consists of rice cooked with chicken or shredded into pieces, vegetables (chili pepper, diced carrots, beans, onion, corn kernels, olives, peas, capers), and seasoned with spices (bay leaf, garlic). In Colombia, the made with rice chicken is shredded chicken.