Some devils, a few details and a couple of dilemmas in the search for sustainable tourism internet version


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Distinguished Lecture Presentation at the University of Florida on re-inventing the notion of sustainable tourism. Presented by Steve McCool

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Some devils, a few details and a couple of dilemmas in the search for sustainable tourism internet version

  1. 1. Some Devils, A Few Details and a Couple of Dilemmas in the Search for Sustainable Tourism<br />Stephen F. McCool<br />Professor Emeritus<br />Department of Society and Conservation<br />College of Forestry and Conservation<br />The University of Montana<br />Presentation to Department of Tourism, Recreation, and Sport Management<br />University of Florida<br />18 April 2011<br />Modified for Internet 18 Oct 2011<br />
  2. 2. International Tourism—Rapidly Growing<br />Actual and Forecasted International Arrivals<br />Source: World Tourism Organization<br />
  3. 3. Global Forces Influencing Sustainable Tourism<br />Public Values<br />Governance<br />Decision Making<br />Technology<br />Economic Restructuring<br />Population Dynamics<br />Climate Change<br />Increased Contentiousness<br />Greater Volatility<br />Higher Stakes<br />
  4. 4. Sustainability—Some Basic Assumptions<br />Human Impacts<br />Care about the Future<br />From: Pearce, 1994<br />
  5. 5. Some Devils<br />Tourism business fragmented<br />Some Devils<br />
  6. 6. Predictable,<br />Linear,<br />Understandable,<br />Stable<br />Dynamic,<br />Impossible,<br />Complex,<br />Ever-Changing<br />
  7. 7. Balancing the Economic, Social and Environmental?<br />
  8. 8. Or a Question of Integrating Them?<br />
  9. 9. Tourism industry is fragmented,<br />Vertically,<br />Horizontally,<br />Functionally<br />
  10. 10. But achieving this ideal requires Cooperation,<br />Coordination,<br />Collaboration<br />How we do this impacts our success<br />
  11. 11. Namche Bazaar: An Example of Sustainable Tourism?<br />Caters to trekkers<br />Small scale development<br />Many teahouses<br />How much is enough?<br />
  12. 12. A Few Details<br />A Few Details<br />
  13. 13. A Few Details<br />Underlying Principle Defining Sustainable Tourism?<br />
  14. 14. A Few Details<br />Much more difficult than expected<br />Not Just Difficult, but More Difficult<br />
  15. 15.
  16. 16. A Few Details<br />Measuring Success<br />Inputs?<br />Outputs?<br />What is the Purpose?<br />From Visit Florida Website<br />
  17. 17. A Few Details<br />Building capacities<br />
  18. 18. Building professional competency increases potential ….<br />But does it guarantee enhanced performance?<br />
  19. 19. A Couple of Dilemmas<br />Intra-generational vs. Inter-generational Equity<br />Economic growth and opportunity vs. maintenance of culture<br />Scale and problem displacement<br />A Couple of Dilemmas<br />
  20. 20. A Couple of Dilemmas<br />Intra-generational vs. Inter-generational Equity<br />
  21. 21. A Couple of Dilemmas<br />Economic growth and opportunity vs. maintenance of culture<br />
  22. 22. A Couple of Dilemmas<br />Scale and Problem Displacement<br />
  23. 23. Illusion of Sustainability<br />Capacity to Deal with Displaced Problems<br />
  24. 24. Kruger National Park: From Game Reserve to Sustainable Tourism?<br />
  25. 25. Reinventing Sustainable Tourism<br />Requires a Change in Our Thinking<br />
  26. 26. What has an iceberg got to do with sustainable tourism?<br />
  27. 27. Adapted from Senge (2008)<br />
  28. 28. Sustainable Tourism<br />Messy problem, clumsy solution<br />Confusing ends with means<br />Thinking about futures<br />Selecting desirable ones<br />Building consensus<br />
  29. 29. Sustainable Tourism—What do we Mean?<br />Framing the question<br />What should tourism sustain?<br />Who benefits from sustainable tourism?<br />Role of science?<br />
  30. 30. <ul><li>What should tourism sustain?
  31. 31. Quality of life?
  32. 32. Heritage?
  33. 33. Economic opportunity?
  34. 34. What are the appropriate or acceptable conditions?</li></li></ul><li>Who Gets to Make the Decisions?<br />Sustainability as a redistribution of power<br />Who represents the future?<br />How to maintain options when preferences are unknown?<br />
  35. 35. Conclusions<br />In danger of becoming a Guiding Fiction<br />Framing of sustainable tourism<br />How to make tourism sustainable?<br />How to reduce impacts?<br />What should tourism sustain?<br />Diving deeper<br />Tourism is a complex adaptive system<br />
  36. 36. Thank You<br />Steve.McCool@CFC.UMT.EDU<br />