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International System for Agricultural Science and Technology
Open@Fao presentation at the EADI Open For Development Project, 2012
Open For Development EADI IMWG Conference 2012 Open @ FAOStephen.Katz@ fao.org (Twitter: @SteveK1958)Chief, Knowledge Management and Library ServicesFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Agenda Open @ FAO1 Context and History of Open @ FAO Ongoing Practical Initiatives2 • FAO Open Archive • Open Data (data.fao.org) • Data Governance and Standards3 Issues, Challenges and Lessons Learned4 Group Discussion
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) • FAO is a specialized agency of the United Nations with its own independent governance • 190+ Member Countries • HQs in Rome, Offices in over 80 countries with over 5000 staff.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) • Collects, analyses, interprets and disseminates information on nutrition, food and agriculture • Policy Advice • Furnishes Technical Assistance • A Neutral Forum for International Cooperation
FAO has been in the“knowledge” businesssince 1946!Our mandate....Ensure that the world’sknowledge of food andagriculture is available tothose who need it whenthey need it and in a formwhich they can accessand use.
Open @ FAO : A Bit of History 1995 – Central Publishing Unit Abolished 1996 – SGML Repository Proposal; FAOSTAT on-line 1997 – Document Repository (XML Compatible) 2003 – Document Repository (PDF) 2007 – Open Archive Proposal (Fedora Commons) 2010 – Open Data Repository Proposal (data.fao.org) 2012 – OpenArchive.Fao.Org; Data.Fao.Org
FAO Open Archive Goals/Objectives To make FAO’s Global Public Goods openly accessible from a single access point To be able to exchange data in an open and standardized way To have a smooth/efficient workflow to manage FAO’s Institutional memory To integrate e-publishing and library workflows
FAO Open Archive Architecture Based on Open Source tools (Fedora Commons and Java) Based on modern standards for data management (MODS and FRBR) Allowing for easier management and sharing of multilingual contentAnd this is what it looks like:
Open Archive ResourcesAvailable at Start-up Time Resource Type Number of Records Full Text Documents 40,100 Photos and Videos 17,100 Audio Files 1,200
Open Data (data.fao.org)Goals/Objectives To address fragmentation and duplication of information systems and data presently distributed across many organizational units http://data.fao.org: one-stop shop that aggregates, integrates, and catalogues data from multiple sources across FAO. Topics are related to nutrition, food and agriculture and include statistics, maps, pictures, documents and more.
Open Data (data.fao.org)Guiding Principles Uniting FAO data with one brand : http://data.fao.org Engaging a Community : #FAOdata Mobile First Serve the data in the most convenient format Integrate, dont reimplement
data.fao.org - The Big Picture Specialised Website Services and Widgets application(s) consume/provide Orchestration and IntegrationSearch Catalogue Statistics Maps Content Infrastructure Statistical DataFull text Identity Warehouse Geospatial Documents LoggingStructured Metadata Raster Pictures Caching Linked Data Time Series Vector Video Security ... Indicators Point Multimedia Audit Observations Pages ...
Data Flow Architecture Data Data Source Source Ingest Harmonise Data IntegrateSource Enrich Publish Data Source Data Source
CIARD – a global movement • All organizations that create and To make possess public agricultural agricultural research information disseminate research and share it more widely information • CIARD partners create coherence and by a) coordinating their efforts, b) knowledge promoting common formats, c) truly acessible adopting open systems and to all standards • Create a global network of public collections of data and information
Distributed Data Sets • stats • gene banks • gis data • blogs, • journals • open archives • raw data • technologies • learning objects • ………..How to make value added services?How to infer new knowledge?How to organize collaboration?Maybe we really need this?...
…to• stats• gene banks• gis data• blogs,• journals• open archives• raw data• technologies• learning objects• ………..
OpenAgris Aggregates different data sources to expand knowledge about a topic Is a “linked-data” environment mashing-up interlinked datasets to create an integrated knowledge base OpenAgris uses the Agrovoc thesaurus as backbone to interlink to other existing datasets (DBPedia, WorldBank, Geopolitical Ontology…)
Open Archive : Issues, Challenges, Lessons Unclear Policy Framework Unclear collection selection policy Variable quality standards (content, legal, editorial, accountability) Licensing policy/conditions for re-use Working with partners and scientific journals Freely available but need attribution Supply vs demand (personal interest vs impact) Tension with Sales and Marketing needsMay Lead To Negative Consequences such as: Low credibility/trust, reputational risk, legal exposure?
Open Data : Issues, Challenges, LessonsWell the same stuff as before really Unclear Policy Framework Unclear collection selection policy Variable quality standards Licensing policy/conditions for re-use Working with partners Freely available but need attribution Supply vs demand (personal interest vs impact) Tension with Sales and Marketing needsMay Lead To Negative Consequences such as: Low credibility/trust, reputational risk, legal exposure?
Open Data : Issues, Challenges, LessonsBut also: Every data-type has it’s own standards (e.g. OGC for GIS, SDMX for stats, MODS for documents, IPTC for Photos) Aggregate data quality set by lowest common denominator Poor data governance leads to: Conflicting/contradictory data values from different sources Lack of agreement of definitions and concepts, and Insufficient metadata Comparing apples, pears and oranges (different units, different assumptions, different contexts)May Lead To Negative Consequences such as: Low credibility/trust, reputational risk, legal exposure?
Thank you!Time for Discussionand soon for Lunch!