Making AgriScience Open Access   Stevan Harnad Canada Research Chair in Cognitive Sciences,  Université du Québec à Montré...
What  Is Open Access:? <ul><li>Free, </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent </li></ul><ul><li>Full-Text <...
<ul><li>OA maximises : research’s:  </li></ul><ul><li>visibility </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  usage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul...
<ul><li>About 25,000 peer-reviewed journals are published worldwide, in all disciplines and all languages </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>They publish about 2.5 million articles per year </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
<ul><li>Most universities and research institutions can only afford to subscribe to a fraction of those journals . </li></...
<ul><li>That means that all those articles are accessible to only a fraction of their potential users . </li></ul>Slides f...
<ul><li>That means that research is having only a fraction of its potential usage and impact. </li></ul>Slides for Promoti...
<ul><li>That means that research is achieving only a fraction of its potential productivity and progress. </li></ul>Slides...
<ul><li>In the paper era there was no way to remedy this, but in the web era there is a way: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Open ...
<ul><li>Research that is freely accessible on the web has 25% - 250% greater research impact. </li></ul>Slides for Promoti...
Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
<ul><li>There are two ways to make research Open Access. </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
<ul><li>The Golden way  is for publishers to convert all their journals into Open Access journals. </li></ul>Slides for Pr...
<ul><li>The Green way  is for researchers to deposit all their published journal articles in their own institution's Open ...
Refereed “Post-Print” Accepted, Certified, Published by Journal Impact cycle begins: Research is done Researchers write  p...
Refereed “Post-Print” Accepted, Certified, Published by Journal Impact cycle begins: Research is done Researchers write  p...
New impact cycles:  New research builds on existing research Researchers can access the Post-Print  if their university ha...
<ul><li>All distributed repositories are “interoperable”  </li></ul><ul><li>That means their contents can be harvested and...
<ul><li>If your institution has no repository, deposit in a central repository (like DEPOT in the UK). </li></ul><ul><li>R...
<ul><li>Research performance metrics provide incentives for motivating and rewarding self-archiving. </li></ul>Slides for ...
<ul><li>Open Access will generate many rich new metrics that can be used to assess research impact : </li></ul>Slides for ...
Sample of candidate  OA-era metrics: <ul><li>Citations (C) </li></ul><ul><li>CiteRank (like Google) </li></ul><ul><li>Co-c...
<ul><li>The majority of journals (>90%) already endorse immediate  Green  Open Access Self-Archiving </li></ul>ROMEO/EPRIN...
ROMEO/EPRINTS ( Directory of Journal Policies on author OA Self-Archiving):   http: //romeo . eprints .org/ Slides for Pro...
The free EPrints University Repository Software generates rich (and potentially even richer) usage metrics.   It can be us...
Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
 
Some EPrints download metrics for top deposits by Southampton author Tim Berners-Lee. Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and...
These Local EPrints University Repository Usage metrics are complemented by CITEBASE, which provides global Citation, Down...
Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
 
 
Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
Sample citation and download growth with time. ( Downloads only start in 2005 because that is when this paper was deposite...
<ul><li>Author’s URLs  (UQAM & Southampton): </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. crsc . uqam .ca/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://users...
1995:   Universal FTP Archives for Esoteric Science and Scholarship: A Subversive Proposal  In:  Scholarly Journals at the...
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Making AgriScience Open Access

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India (and all countries) should create institutional repositories for all of its universities and research institutions. The EPrints software is free, and setting up and maintaining the repository on a linux server takes only a few days of sysad time. The rest depends on adopting a mandate requiring deposit, as described in ROARMAP.

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  • To maximise research access, supplement the existing system: Do as before, but also: Self-archive the preprint in your university’s Eprint Archive, so every would-be user can access it. Self-archive the postprint in your university’s Eprint Archive, so every would-be user can access it. Research access is maximized and so research impact is maximized.
  • These are just some of the candidate metrics that can be included in the muptiple correlation to see how much each contributes to predicting the parallel panel rankings.
  • This is how Institutional Repositories make it possible to display research usage and impact metrics for their researc output.
  • These are some of the metrics and statistics that an Institutional Repository (Southampton Eprints) can provide.
  • Sample statistics: Download counts for author Harnad in ECS Southampton Institutional repository
  • Citebase, a scientometric search engine that can rank content by a variety of metrics.
  • Sample metrics on which content can be measured and ranked by citebase.
  • Ranking on citations per paper
  • Ranking on hits (downloads) per paper
  • Graph of citations and downloads across time
  • References
  • Making AgriScience Open Access

    1. 1. Making AgriScience Open Access Stevan Harnad Canada Research Chair in Cognitive Sciences, Université du Québec à Montréal & Department of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    2. 2. What Is Open Access:? <ul><li>Free, </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent </li></ul><ul><li>Full-Text </li></ul><ul><li>On-Line </li></ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    3. 3. <ul><li>OA maximises : research’s: </li></ul><ul><li>visibility </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> usage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> uptake </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> applications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> impact </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> productivity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> progress </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> funding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> manageability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> assessability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>by maximising research’s: </li></ul><ul><li>accessibility </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    4. 4. <ul><li>About 25,000 peer-reviewed journals are published worldwide, in all disciplines and all languages </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. ulrichsweb . com/ulrichsweb/ </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    5. 5. <ul><li>They publish about 2.5 million articles per year </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    6. 6. <ul><li>Most universities and research institutions can only afford to subscribe to a fraction of those journals . </li></ul><ul><li>http://fisher.lib. virginia . edu/cgi-local/arlbin/arl . cgi ? task=setupstats </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    7. 7. <ul><li>That means that all those articles are accessible to only a fraction of their potential users . </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    8. 8. <ul><li>That means that research is having only a fraction of its potential usage and impact. </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    9. 9. <ul><li>That means that research is achieving only a fraction of its potential productivity and progress. </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    10. 10. <ul><li>In the paper era there was no way to remedy this, but in the web era there is a way: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Open Access&quot; (OA) </li></ul><ul><li>provides free webwide access to research journal articles </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    11. 11. <ul><li>Research that is freely accessible on the web has 25% - 250% greater research impact. </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    12. 12. Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    13. 13. <ul><li>There are two ways to make research Open Access. </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    14. 14. <ul><li>The Golden way is for publishers to convert all their journals into Open Access journals. </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    15. 15. <ul><li>The Green way is for researchers to deposit all their published journal articles in their own institution's Open Access Repository. </li></ul><ul><li>Here is how Green OA self-archiving works: </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    16. 16. Refereed “Post-Print” Accepted, Certified, Published by Journal Impact cycle begins: Research is done Researchers write pre-refereeing “ Pre-Print” Submitted to Journal Pre-Print reviewed by Peer Experts – “Peer-Review” Pre-Print revised by article’s Authors Researchers can access the Post-Print if their university has a subscription to the Journal 12-18 Months Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics New impact cycles: New research builds on existing research
    17. 17. Refereed “Post-Print” Accepted, Certified, Published by Journal Impact cycle begins: Research is done Researchers write pre-refereeing “ Pre-Print” Submitted to Journal Pre-Print reviewed by Peer Experts – “Peer-Review” Pre-Print revised by article’s Authors Researchers can access the Post-Print if their university has a subscription to the Journal 12-18 Months This limited subscription-based access can be supplemented by self-archiving the Postprint in the author’s own institutional repository as follows: Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics New impact cycles: New research builds on existing research
    18. 18. New impact cycles: New research builds on existing research Researchers can access the Post-Print if their university has a subscription to the Journal Refereed “Post-Print” Accepted, Certified, Published by Journal Impact cycle begins: Research is done Researchers write pre-refereeing “ Pre-Print” Submitted to Journal Pre-Print reviewed by Peer Experts – “Peer-Review” Pre-Print revised by article’s Authors 12-18 Months Post-Print is self-archived in University’s Eprint Archive More impact cycles:
    19. 19. <ul><li>All distributed repositories are “interoperable” </li></ul><ul><li>That means their contents can be harvested and jointly searched as if they were all in one central repository. </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    20. 20. <ul><li>If your institution has no repository, deposit in a central repository (like DEPOT in the UK). </li></ul><ul><li>Research fields don’t each need separate central repositories of their own. One is enough. </li></ul><ul><li>The rest is a matter of subject tagging for classification and search. </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    21. 21. <ul><li>Research performance metrics provide incentives for motivating and rewarding self-archiving. </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    22. 22. <ul><li>Open Access will generate many rich new metrics that can be used to assess research impact : </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    23. 23. Sample of candidate OA-era metrics: <ul><li>Citations (C) </li></ul><ul><li>CiteRank (like Google) </li></ul><ul><li>Co-citations </li></ul><ul><li>Downloads (D) </li></ul><ul><li>C/D Correlations </li></ul><ul><li>Hub/Authority index </li></ul><ul><li>Chronometrics: </li></ul><ul><li>Latency/Longevity </li></ul><ul><li>Endogamy/Exogamy </li></ul><ul><li>Book citation index </li></ul><ul><li>Links </li></ul><ul><li>Tags </li></ul><ul><li>Commentaries </li></ul><ul><li>Journal Impact Factor </li></ul><ul><li>h-index (and variants) </li></ul><ul><li>Co-authorships </li></ul><ul><li>Publication counts </li></ul><ul><li>Number of publishing years </li></ul><ul><li>Semiometrics (latent semantic indexing, text overlap, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Research funding </li></ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><li>Prizes </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    24. 24. <ul><li>The majority of journals (>90%) already endorse immediate Green Open Access Self-Archiving </li></ul>ROMEO/EPRINTS ( Directory of Journal Policies on author OA Self-Archiving): http: //romeo . eprints .org/ Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    25. 25. ROMEO/EPRINTS ( Directory of Journal Policies on author OA Self-Archiving): http: //romeo . eprints .org/ Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    26. 26. The free EPrints University Repository Software generates rich (and potentially even richer) usage metrics. It can be used for showcasing, navigating, comparing and assessing. Here is a sample of University Repository usage metrics for Southampton author Tim Berners-Lee: http://stats. eprints . ecs . soton .ac. uk/cgi-bin/irstats . cgi ? Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    27. 27. Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    28. 29. Some EPrints download metrics for top deposits by Southampton author Tim Berners-Lee. Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    29. 30. These Local EPrints University Repository Usage metrics are complemented by CITEBASE, which provides global Citation, Download, Citation, Co-citation, Hub/Authority and time-course metrics: http://stats. eprints . ecs . soton .ac. uk/cgi-bin/irstats . cgi ? Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    30. 31. Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    31. 34. Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    32. 35. Sample citation and download growth with time. ( Downloads only start in 2005 because that is when this paper was deposited .) Early growth rate and late decay metrics for downloads and citations can also be derived.
    33. 36. <ul><li>Author’s URLs (UQAM & Southampton): </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. crsc . uqam .ca/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://users. ecs . soton .ac. uk/harnad / </li></ul><ul><li>BIBLIOGRAPHY ON OA IMACT ADVANTAGE: </li></ul><ul><li>http: //opcit . eprints . org/oacitation-biblio .html </li></ul><ul><li>BOAI Self-Archiving FAQ: http://www. eprints . org/self-faq/ </li></ul><ul><li>CITEBASE (scientometric engine): http: //citebase . eprints .org/ </li></ul><ul><li>EPRINTS: http://www. eprints .org/ </li></ul><ul><li>OA ARCHIVANGELISM: http: //openaccess . eprints .org/ </li></ul><ul><li>ROAR (Registry of OA Repositories): http://roar. eprints .org/ </li></ul><ul><li>ROARMAP (Registry of OA Repository Mandates): </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. eprints . org/openaccess/policysignup/ </li></ul><ul><li>ROMEO/EPRINTS ( Directory of Journal Policies on author OA Self-Archiving): http: //romeo . eprints .org/ </li></ul>Slides for Promoting OA Mandates and Metrics
    34. 37. 1995: Universal FTP Archives for Esoteric Science and Scholarship: A Subversive Proposal In: Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads. ARL. http://www.arl.org/scomm/subversive/toc.html 2001: Research access, impact and assessment THES 1487 http://cogprints.org/1683/ The Self-Archiving Initiative Nature 410 http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/harnad.html Measuring and Maximising UK Research Impact THES http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/7728/ Mandated online RAE CVs Linked to University Eprint Archives. Ariadne 35 http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/Temp/Ariadne-RAE.htm 2004: Comparing the Impact of Open Access (OA) vs. Non-OA Articles in the Same Journals & Brody D-Lib http://www.dlib.org/dlib/june04/harnad/06harnad.html The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access . et al Nature Web Focus. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/21.html 2005: Journal publishing and author self-archiving: Peaceful Co-Existence Berners-Lee et al http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11160/ Keystroke Economy: A Study of the Time and Effort Involved in Self-Archiving . Carr & Harnad http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/10688/ Ten-Year Cross-Disciplinary Comparison of the Growth of Open Access and Research Citation Impact . Hajjem et al IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin 28 http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11688/ Making the case for web-based self-archiving Research Money 19 http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11534/ 2006: Self-archiving should be mandatory 2006 Research Information http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/12738/ The Open Research Web: A Preview of the Optimal and the Inevitable Shadbolt et al in Open Access: Key Strategic, Technical and Economic Aspects http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/12453/ 2007: Open Access Scientometrics and the UK Research Assessment Exercise Proc 11th Ann Mtg Int Soc Scientometrics and Informetrics 11:27-33 http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/13804/ Time to Convert to Metrics Brody et al Research Fortnight 17 http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/14329/ Incentivizing the Open Access Research Web: Publication-, Data-Archiving and Scientometrics . Brody et al CTWatch Quarterly 3(3). http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/14418/
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