Artefact E-Learning and Digital Cultures EDC MOOC Coursera University of Edinburgh by Carsten Weerth
Lifelong learning: MOOCs,formal studies, certificates,acknowledgements of credit Experiences with different MOOCs…Digital Artefact by Dr. Carsten Weerth University of Edinburgh E-Learning & Digital Cultures
The topicBy help of digital communication lifelong lear-ning for a large fraction of modern humans isavailable from world class Universities in aneasy and comfortable way.Newly emerging Massive Open Online Courses(MOOCs) from platforms such as URL:www.coursera.org, www.edX.org and www.-venture-lab.org are enabling thousands ofstudents from all over the world and all ages toengage and participate in free online studies…
E-Learning & Digital Cultures- Utopias and dystopias- Being human- E-Learning know and in future- Communication Technologies: E-Learning- Meaning of E-Learning are topics which are covered by this artefact
Possibilities: www.coursera.orgwww.coursera.org is a for-profit organizationwhich offers online-courses from 62Universities in a variety of 22 different fields ofsubjects – currently about 323 courses(2013/02/21).The courses have a duration between 4 and 12weeks and are resulting normally in a State-ment of Accomplishment from Coursera: theteaching professor signs the certificate and itcan be downloaded from Coursera. 95 newcourses and 29 new Universities have beencurrently announced – included above.
Example: Coursera.org The Statement of Accomplishment does not bear an University seal and is not counting for credit. It contains a disclaimer that it is built on material taught at a certain University, but that the student has never been enrolled.
Possibilities: www.venture-lab.orgwww.venture-lab.org is a non-profit start-upfrom Stanford University which offers ahandful of online-courses.The courses have a duration between 8 and10 weeks and are based on collaborationwith other students. They are resulting nor-mally in a Statement of Accomplishmentfrom Venture-lab: the teaching professorsigns the certificate and it can be down-loaded from venture-lab.
Example: venture-lab.org The Online Course Statement of Accomp- lishment does not bear an Universitiy seal and is not counting for credit. It contains a disclaimer that it is built on material taught at Stanford Uni- versity, but that the stu- dent has never been enrolled.
Possibilities: www.edX.orgwww.edX.org is a non-profit start-up from threeelite Universities Harvard, MIT and University ofCalifornia, Berkeley. It has now been enlargedby three other Universities which all in all offera handful of online-courses. The courses havea duration between 10 and 12 weeks and arebased continuing and final exams. They areresulting in a Statement of Accomplishmentfrom edX which includes the name MITx orHarvardX and singatures of the University.
Example: edX.org The Statement of Ac- complishment does bear an Universitiy name ex- tended by X but is not counting for credit. It contains a disclaimer that it is built on material taught at MIT, Harvard University, etc., but that the student has never been enrolled.
Statements about MOOCs…- MOOCs are in itself not sufficient as qualification- MOOCs cannot replace proper, formal University degrees- MOOCs are a valuable contribution to University education- MOOCs can be part of the picture for ongoing, lifelong learning- MOOCs show when certified expertize in a special field of knowledge- MOOCs can clearly be defined as formal University education, they are comprising exams & certification
Ideas to persue…- How are MOOC certificates acknowledged by employers or Universities?- Are MOOCs not valuable, a little bit valuable, very valuable?- Can an e-portfolio or learning-log help to show the efforts for higher education?- Are some Universities acknowledging MOOC certificates for credit and if so which for how much credit (fees to pay or not)?- Why are the Universities shying away to show their seals and names on certificates?
Benefits of MOOCs- You can learn by doing MOOCs from top Universities for free- You can do exams and get certificates- You can collaborate by help of Web 2.0 software and create new contents- The learning experience is in some cases much more intense than face to face with 400 students- Learning is much more convenient if you can choose the time and space for your studies- Certificate bears the name of the professor and the teaching University
Restrictions of MOOCs- Your certificate does not count for credit and it says so- Your certificate does not mean that you are an alumni of the University- Your certificate states that it is unclear weather you did really the exams- It is unclear how employers or other Universities are acknowledging the certificate
Use of current MOOCs I- MOOCs cannot replace formal under- graduate studies and degrees yet- MOOCs are useful for outreach campaings of Universities towards highschool students- MOOCs are useful for freshman courses when smaller Universities are lacking the abilities to teach these contents for themselves- MOOCs might be used for oncampus teaching
Use of current MOOCs II- MOOCs are providing valuable insights in various fields of study- MOOCs are useful for training special skills such as reasoning and argueing or Science Writing which are not regularly taught on undergraduate level- MOOCs of extraordinary importantce for life long learning, e.g. for mid-career-studies, so called Studium generale or General Studies
My Experiences with MOOCs I- I did about 10 MOOCs with coursera.org- I am currently doing an edX.org course,- I did two venture-lab.org courses from Stanford University- I did more than 50 trainings (precursers of MOOCs) with Johns Hopkins Universitys Bloomberg School of Public Health, Columbia University, The State University of New York at Albany, the University of North Carolina at Chapell Hill, the University of California at Davis and Minessota University
My Experiences with MOOCs II- I did a UNESCO ITC Training on the usage of Technology and Communication in further education- I did a training on Food Allergens with the Foods and Drugs Administration FDA- Though the trainings are shorter than MOOCs and delivered by Universities the certificates are much more impressing than the poor delivery by coursera.org or venture-lab.org
My Experiences with MOOCs III- Coursera offers courses with strongly differing quality and for different target audiences- Coursera is a for-profit organization that teams up with World class Universities who deny participants the official seal of the University:- Though all courses are produced by professors from Universities and use the University seal on the Statement of Accomplishment only the coursera.org logo shows up – this is clearly a drawback. The same applies to venture-lab, a start up from Stanford University.
My Experiences with MOOCs IV- When you are aiming at certificates these free online studies are not really useful- Many courses are offering wonderful learning opportunities for lifelong learning- The contents of these courses differ strongly and some consists out of only 15 minutes of lectures per week- One question posed was: why are Universities joining Coursera: my answer – they gain access to 2.7 million students in a reach out campaign…
Utopias about MOOCs- Free high quality education is a high and good aim for humankind. Why paying for education?- Wilhelm von Humboldt was the founding father of Germany’s free University system with about these above said ideas…- Soon Universities will understand and accept that they will also their seals on Coursera- certificates- A system for acknowledging continuing education credits will appear between Universities and employers.
Dystopias about MOOCs- MOOCs are free right now – but Coursera will soon charge for high quality education…- MOOCs are only for profit: Universities can do research (about interested students and possible new courses) and outreach for free without having to give away credits or seals on the certificates…- Soon Coursera and the others will try to make money with distance E-Learning & continuing education – what a shame since it should be a human (basic) right…
Other (old) MOOCs with certificates- UNESCO Certificate on ITC in Education- Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School on Public Health: Terror Preparedness and Infectious Deseases- University of California in Davis: Food Allergies (FDA), Herbicides and Bees…- Advanteges: short duration (btw. 1 and 3 hrs) and a Certificate with a University/UNESCO Seal on it and/or signatures.- Prestigious Universites issue certificates…
Call for establishing ContinuingEducation University Credits for Free- Continuing Education Credits are common for professional training in public health in USA- CE credits are offered for nurses, physicians, nutrition specialists, etc. for free…- Some topics are in line with free education for the good of mankind, e.g. Terror response, Vaccinations, Emerging diseases awareness, etc., Primary Health care for all, HIV.- Offering free higher education is in fervor of Universities, civil societies and humankind…
References & Links Pappano, The Year of the MOOC, New York Times, URL:http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/04/education/edlife/massive-open-online-courses-ar... Anderson, Elite Education for the Masses, The Washington Post, URL:http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/elite-education-for-the-masses/2012/... Blog, The crisis of higher education, URL:http://www.technologyreview.com/featuredstory/429376/the-crisis-in-higher-education/ Interview by the University of Pennsylvania: MOOCs on the Move: How Coursera IsDisrupting the Traditional Classroom, URL: http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.-cfm?articleid=3109 URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massive_open_online_course URL: http://blog.coursera.org/post/43625628117/29-new-schools-92-new-courses-5-languages-4 URL: http://theblogbyjavier.com/2012/12/27/online-education/, Online Education. Discussons about Coursera and the EDC MOOC of Edinburgh University on theDNLE website, URL: http://dnle.stanford.edu/content/edc-mooc-interesting-statistics MOOCC: Designing New Learning Enviroments, URL: http://dnle.stanford.edu
References & Links II Marszal, UK Universities to launch free degree-style online courses, The Telegraph,URL: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/educationnews/9743703/UK-Universities-to-launch-free-degree-style-online-courses.html
Acknowledgements...This presentation was made as the ‘DigitalArtefact‘ - the final assignment for theUniveristiy of Edinburgh‘s MOOC E-Learningand Digital Cultures.The digital artefact is created by help ofcourersa.org, edx.org, venture-lab.org andSlideshare.com as means for distribution.The background picture was downloaded for free from URL:http://www.freeimages.co.uk. The background music wasdownloaded for free from URL: http://www.light2art.de.
About the authorThe author has studied Biology at the UniversitiesBremen, Glasgow, Konstanz and Bremen and holdsdegrees from the University of Glasgow (BSc), Finance(University of Applied Sciences of the Federal Republicof Germany), Economics (PhD from the Carl vonOssietzky Universität Oldenburg), LL.M. (Com., Univer-sität des Saarlandes). He has written more than 10books and published over 100 articles in scientific jour-nals. Currently he is doing a Master of Arts in Adult Edu-cation. He is very much commited to livelong learningand is swept away from the current developments ofMOOCs. He did DNLE with Stanford University in 2012.