• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policy in Latin America
 

Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policy in Latin America

on

  • 1,432 views

by Mariano Fressoli, Instituto de Estudios sobre la Ciencia y la Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Argentina. ...

by Mariano Fressoli, Instituto de Estudios sobre la Ciencia y la Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Argentina.

STEPS Centre seminar, 17 June 2010, at IDS.



Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,432
Views on SlideShare
1,432
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

CC Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policy in Latin America Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policy in Latin America Presentation Transcript

    • Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policy in Latin America
      Steps Centre Seminar 17th june – 2010
      University of Sussex
      Instituto de Estudios sobre la Ciencia y la Tecnología
      Universidad Nacional de Quilmes - ARG
      Hernán Thomas – Director
      Mariano Fressoli
      Alberto Lalouf
      Santiago Garrido
      Guillermo Santos
      Paula Juarez
      Facundo Picabea
      Sebastian Montaña
    • Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policy in Latin America
      Green Technologies
      Small is beautifull
      Social Technologies
      Appropiate Technologies
      Intermediate technologies
      Alternative technologies
      Social innovations
    • It is possible to define Social Technology as a way of developing and implementing technology aimed to generate social and economic dynamics of social inclusion and sustainable development.
      Social Technology extends to a wide spectrum of production: food, housing, energy, drinkable water, transport, and communication, etc.
      The main actors involved in the development processes of Social Technology in Latin America are: social movements, popular cooperatives, NGOs, public R&D centres, governmental departments and decentralized institutions, government business enterprises (and, to a lesser extent, private enterprises).
      Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policy in Latin America
    • Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policy in Latin America
      What are the capacities available in the region in order to develop Social Technology?
      How to conceive plans of social and economical development based on the production and implementation of Social Technology?
      How to integrate ultimate user-beneficiaries (social movements, NGOs, grassroots cooperatives, etc.) in the processes of design and implementation of Social Technology?
      How to integrate highly quality Science and Technology human resources available in the region to the design and implementation of Social Technology?
      How to manage and evaluate Social Technology programmes?
    • Objectives:
      To study and develop a theoretical and methodological framework tailored for research on Social Technology.
      Challenge: adapting existing tools and building up new concepts
      To survey and map institutional experiences and capacities of development of Social Technology in Argentina, Brasil, Uruguay, Chile and Peru
      Challenge: heterogeneous actors (governmental, nongovernmental, from R&D public institutes, from popular cooperatives, international agencies and enterprises)
      Lack of interaction between experiences
      To create capacities in governmental and nongovernmental organizations for the developing of Social Technologies
      Challenge: to articulate networks between different actors / to challenge old –stagnated trajectories
      Technologies for Social Inclusion & Public Policies in Latin America
    • Technologies for Social Inclusion & Public Policies in Latin America
      Theoretical Framework
      Social-technical analysis: Social Construction of Technology (Pinch & Bijker) and Actor-Network Theory (Latour, Callon, & Law)
      Economics of innovation and technological change (Learning concepts)
      Building up new concepts: socio-technical alliance / multiple workings of technology
    • Key Issue: To learn from the experiences in order to propose new policies in science and technology for developing countries
      Research focus
      Successful experiences / Failed experiences
      Small scale / scaling up?
      Fluid Technologies / can they support stable and lasting alliances?
      Beyond Technologies for the poor / Technological solutions for everyone
      Technologies for Social Inclusion & Public Policies in Latin America
    • Mist water collectors (atrapanieblas) in Chile
      (Nylon and Iron structures with a storage and distribution system)
      Chungungo, finales de la década del ’80
      Original objetive of theproject:toobtainwaterforforesting and humansupply in smallcommunities
      Thesystemwas “easytobuild and operate”, itrequiredlowknowhow and was simple tounderstandforuserswith no technological training.
      Capacitytocollect 237 litres per day
      Fundedby IDRC and developedbyresearchersfrom Universidad Católica de Chile and Corporación Nacional Forestal (CONAF)
    • Diditwork?
      With a stronginstitutional and financialsupport, betweenthe late `80s and 1996, 92 watercollectorswereinstalled.
      In 2001, only 12 werestillworking, buttheywereused as secondarysourcecomplementingotherwatersupplysystems
      Whenthe original projectsupportwasdiscontinued, themistcollectorswereabandoned
      Problems: Implementation and management
      Design
      Theoreticalconception
    • Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policies in Latin America
      Sectors: energy, food, health & housing
      Selected Countries:
      Argentina
      Brasil
      Uruguay
      Chile
      Peru
    • Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policies in Latin America
      Sectors: Energy, Food, Health & Housing
      First Phase: year 2010
      Argentina & Brazil
      GAPI – DPCT UNICAMP
      Innovation policies analisys Group / S&T Policy Department
      IEC-UNQ
      Institute for S&T Studies
      National University of Quilmes
      Exploratory Survey
      Case studies
    • Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policy
      Sectors: Energy, Food, Health & Housing
      Second Phase: 2011 / 2012
      Uruguay, Chile & Peru
      Exploratory Survey
      Case studies
    • Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policy
      Sectors: Energy, Food, Healthcare & Housing
      Extended Research Network
      Social Movements
      Water&Youth Movement
      (NGO)
      RTS (Brazil)
      Social Technology Network
      INTI
      National Institute
      for Industrial Technology
      CEVE-CONICET
      Experimental Centre for Affordable Housing
      National Council for S&T Research
      IEC-UNQ
      Institute for S&T Studies
      National University of Quilmes
      R&D Institutions
      R&D Institutions
      INTA
      National Institute for
      Agricultural Technology
      Fac. de Cs. Agrarias-UNMdP
      Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
      National University of Mar del Plata
      IPAF-INTA
      Institute for Small-scale
      Family Farming
      PROHUERTA-INTA
      Programme for Vegrtable
      Gardens Development
      PROCODAS-MINCyT
      Council for Social Demands Programme
      Ministry for S&T
      Government Office
    • Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policy
      Sectors: Energy, Food, Healthcare & Housing
      Researchnetworkmeeting
      30th April2010
      University of Quilmes
    • Technologies for Social Inclusion and Public Policies in Latin America
      Sectors: Energy, Food, Health & Housing
      Ongoing research
      Some preliminary results
    • Food and water
      Institutions and NGOs that develop Social Technologies in Argentina
      Aprox. 50 organizations developing and implementing Social Technologies
      (including: NGOS, Universities and social cooperatives)
      What kind of technologies?
      Aprox. 20 kinds of organic production systems (familyvegetable gardens, retrieving and improvement of indigenous techniques, etc.),
      Small development of low cost agricultural machinery (simple threshers, sugar milling machinery, etc.).
      Incipient development of water collection and purification systems
      Only 5 experiences have been identified involving intensive knowledge developments of food production (bio-technologies, cannedfood, etc.)
    • Programme PRO HUERTA (1990-2010)
      National programme for vegetable garden by INTA (National Institute of Technological Agriculture) – ARG.
      Based on distribution of seeds and learning materials for sowing
      Reach almost 3 million people in Argentina (mainly poor people)
      Attempts to build up cooperatives for commercialization
      Some problems:
      Low quality of seeds
      Difficulties to scale up the experience
      Lack of interaction with other agricultural sectors
    • Alternative energies in Argentina
      WindEnergy
      Biodiesel (recycledcookingoil)
      INTI
      INVAP (Río Negro)
      GIACOBONE (Río Cuarto)
      TEKNYCAMPO (Santa Fe)
      ESCUELA AGROTÉCNICA Ramón Santamarina-Necochea)
      EATA (Tres Arroyos)
      BIOCOOP (Hurlingham)
      MUNICIPALIDAD DE MALVINAS ARGENTINAS
      BIOCOLÓN (Entre Ríos)
      Solar Energy
      INENCO (Salta)
      LAVH-INCIHUSA (Mendoza)
      GRUPO CLIOPE-UTN (Mendoza)
      FUNDACIÓN ECOANDINA (Jujuy)
      GENOC - INTEC (Santa Fe)
      GER – UNNE (Corrientes)
      GES – UNRC (Córdoba)
      GITEA – UTN (Chaco)
      IDEAHAB – UNLP (Buenos Aires)
      IEDS – CNEA (Buenos Aires)
      LEA – UNR (Rosario)
      LES – UNSL (San Luis)
      TEKNYCAMPO (Santa Fe)
      INIBIOMA – UNCOMA (Río Negro)
      Biogas (waste digester)
      FUNDACIÓN PROTEGER
      INTI
      INTA
      SECRETARÍA DE AMBIENTE PCIA. DE CORRIENTES
      FUNDACIÓN UOCRA (Chubut)
    • Solar technologies in Mendoza (western Argentina)National Technological University - Mendoza
      Solar kitchens designed and adapted to local conditions
      There is some participation of users in the design and management of installed kitchens
      Problems of scaling up
    • Healthcare: Public production of drugs
      37 public funded laboratories produce generic drugs
      Aimed to satisfy basic health problems in poor populations
      Industrial PharmaceuticalLaboratory of Santa Fe province (LIF)
      2008 -2010
      10,5 millions doses of cefalexin 500 mg (antibiotic) for public distribution
      10 millions doses of amoxicilin for public distribution
      Problems: they do not produce endogenous innovations
      R&D capabilities is lacking or dormant
    • Housing Technologies
      Recycled Bricks from PET
      (polietilen-tereftalato),
      (http://www.ceve.org.ar/ttplasticos)
      This design has received several awards
      Evaluations based on technical characteristics: mechanical resistance, UV absorption, fire resistance, weight, porosity, etc.
      Problems:
      Low applications in housing
      Lacks of socio-economical studies
      There is no environmental study
    • Villa ParanacitoExperience
      http://www.ceve.org.ar/sistemauma.html
      Based on a self-construction technology named UMA.
      The main point of Villa Paranacito Experience was to develop a new model of Management for self-construction with participation of local actors. It attempts to integrate in the same project production of materials and self-construction
      20 housesbuilt up in Villa Paranacito, Entre Ríos (Argentina).
      Problems: Small Scale
      Thereis no link withwiderurbanplanningissues
    • Actual challenges:
      Building visibility and forging links between social actors
      Co-organization of the 2nd Fair of Social and Sustainable Technologies (October 2010)
      Along with Water & Youth Movement and PROCODAS - MINCYT
      Building up a blog on Social Technologies:
      http://www.tecnologiassociales.blogspot.com/
      To interact and collaborate with other researchers in Latin America and rest of the world
    • Many Thanks!!!
      Mariano Fressoli
      mfressoli@unq.edu.ar
      IEC – UNQ