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Larry Swatuk

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  • 1. 07/11/2012 A Nexus for Whom? Connectivity, Integration, Vulnerability,Water Resources, Social Justice and Resources, Security Environmental Insecurity • Old news Larry Swatuk • New thinking University of Waterloo • Enduring debates lswatuk@uwaterloo.ca New(s) to Some • World Economic Forum, Global Risks 2012 • World Economic Forum, Water Security: the water, food, energy, climate nexus • The World Bank, Grow in Concert with Nature: sustaining East Asia’s Resources Through Green Water Defense • Bonn2011 Conference on The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus – Solutions for a Green Economy (26 pages of recommendations; 12 lines to civil society) 1
  • 2. 07/11/2012Infrastructure for Integrated Water Resources Management management of floods and droughts, multipurpose storage, waterquality and source protection Policy/ Other uses Institutional Water supply Irrigation & Energy Environ- including framework & sanitation drainage mental industry and services navigation Management instrumentsPolitical economy of water management Economic Environmental Equity efficiency Sustainability Water Uses Management Institutional Instruments Enabling Framework Environment Assessme Central- Local nt Policies River Basin Allocation Legislation Public - instruments Private Balance “water for livelihood” and “water as a resource” Gain? • Insight – [A]wareness is rising on how interconnected the issues of water, energy, food and climate actually are (Margaret Catley-Carlson, 2011) 2
  • 3. 07/11/2012 Awareness Raising Awareness Raising• ‘Water lies at the heart of a nexus of social, • ‘Our political, economic and social stability economic, and political issues – agriculture, into the 21st Century will depend as much on energy, cities, trade, finance, national security, how we manage our freshwater resources as it human livelihoods, within rich and poor will on any of the other well-recognized “hard countries alike.’ (WEF, Water Security, 2011) power” global security issues of the 21st Century, such as terrorism, nuclear proliferation and fossil-fuel security.’ (WEF, Water Security, 2011). Lose? • What should be a social project becomes a national security issue • What should be provision of public goods becomes privatized delivery and resource capture • What should be an opportunity to think creatively about what and where water is, becomes an exercise in protecting the status quo Different Lenses, Better Insights? If your point of departure accepts:• Human security: decentre ‘the state’ • Primacy of the state• Environmental insecurity • Security as consolidation of the status quo• Environmental justice • Environmental security as implications of – ‘Rethink security from the bottom up’ (Booth, changing resource endowments for state 2005) security – ‘how to grasp the radical environmental • Neoliberal capitalism insecurities confronting the global underclasses’ (Watts, backcover blurb) • Consumption as global ethos 3
  • 4. 07/11/2012Then: The relevance of ‘Nexus thinking’ • [H]elps to identify mutually beneficial responses and provides an informed and transparent framework for determining trade-offs to meet demand without compromising sustainability and exceeding environmental tipping points. (Bonn2011) 4

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