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Justin Kenrick: Transition in Europe and Africa: Erasing the Global North/ South Divide?
 

Justin Kenrick: Transition in Europe and Africa: Erasing the Global North/ South Divide?

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Presentation at the STEPS Conference 2010 - Pathways to Sustainability: Agendas for a new politics of environment, development and social justice ...

Presentation at the STEPS Conference 2010 - Pathways to Sustainability: Agendas for a new politics of environment, development and social justice

http://www.steps-centre.org/events/stepsconference2010.html

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    Justin Kenrick: Transition in Europe and Africa: Erasing the Global North/ South Divide? Justin Kenrick: Transition in Europe and Africa: Erasing the Global North/ South Divide? Presentation Transcript

    • Transition in Europe and Africa:
      Erasing the Global North/ South Divide?
      Justin Kenrick
      University of St Andrews + Forest Peoples Programme
      Pedal: Portobello Transition Town + Holyrood350.org
    • Making Poverty in Africa and the World:2005 and 2008, speculation in world food prices > huge profits, and pushed 250,000,000 people into food insecurity and starvation (> 1 billion).2 years after 2005 G8 summit/ Make Poverty History, Geldorf said: “If this is how they keep their word to the needy, who trusts them on climate change?” The problem is not poverty in Africa, - it is the system driving impoverishment
      Transition in Europe and Africa JustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
    • Transition in Europe and Africa JustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
    • CO2 targets guarantee catastrophe:“Even if all the current promises to cut greenhouse gas emissions are honoured, the world will still see global temperatures rise by an average of 4°C by the end of the century. . . This is hot enough to make most of the world uninhabitable.” Professor Jacqueline McGlade EU European Env AgencyUK has ‘cut’ emissions by 198 megatonnes CO2e since 1990, by outsourcing 253 mt ( & jobs)The problem is not climate change,- it is the system driving climate change
      Transition in Europe and Africa JustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
    • Transition in Europe and Africa JustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
    • Failure of Copenhagen
      Climate Change Summit (Copenhagen) Dec 2009
      Failed to tackle rising emissions in industrial countries, focused on REDD (on tackling deforestation in Global South) instead.
      UNFCCC meeting (Bonn) June 2010:
      All industrialised countries push for REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation) to be funded through the carbon market, allowing business as usual in the Global North.
      Transition in Europe and Africa JustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
    • Transition in Europe and Africa JustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
    • Four Stages in societies response to destruction of our life support systems
      Denial > ‘Business as usual’
      Fantasy > ‘Techno-explosion’
      3. Bargaining > ‘Sustainable consumption’
      4. Accepting need for dramatic change, and that
      ‘Living within means’ enables abundance for all
      Transition in Europe and Africa JustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
    • Transition in Europe and Africa JustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
    • Boom and Bust vs. Sufficiency
      Excess > Scarcity
      Sufficiency > Abundance
      Transition in Europe and Africa JustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
    • In tackling the causes of climate change: are communities what matter most?
      Communities can thrive & cut fossil fuels through:
      Scotland: community renewables/ food growing
      Cameroon: owning/ managing forest,
      Both involve: reclaiming rights, building self-sustaining systems, creating rolling funds.
      We need to develop new (or protect longstanding) community ownership systems
      Community material base (see system as problem) not behaviour change (seeing people as problem)
      Local to local support (Global/ Regional/ Local)
      Transition in Europe and Africa JustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
    • Political changes Communities need In Global North to make localisation possible
      If Governments are incapable of stopping economic growth treadmill, do we need to ensure:
      Cap and Share: cap and rapidly reduce fossil fuels passing through economy into atmosphere
      Govt support for communities expanded to enable them to develop their material base
      > Resilient mutually supportive communities not infinite economic growth on a very finite planet
      Transition in Europe and Africa JustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk
    • Impact of Re-localisation on Global South?
      Problem 1: Raw materials and Cheap products from Global South would be priced out of market (by tariff on all goods not internalising carbon costs)
      + Problem 2: International (un-Fair) trade maintains undemocratic elites, impoverishing majority (taking land/ paying little/ controlling politics)
      = Solution: Removing this source of elite’s wealth diminishes their power; helping democracy and community land rights – South and North
      Transition in Europe and Africa JustinKenrick@yahoo.co.uk