A Network Approach to Analyzing Governance of Land, Water and Ecosystems Christian Stein Sussex University, 23 September 2...
Pathways to sustainable water resources management … <ul><li>have to balance landscape modifications linked to socio-econo...
Pathways to sustainable water resources management … <ul><li>must encompass not only the liquid water in rivers lakes and ...
Pathways to sustainable water resources management … <ul><li>h ave to go through a range of stakeholders related to each o...
Systems devised for governing natural resources display a large diversity  but the tools to understand them are strikingly...
A social network approach <ul><li>H as recently been used to analyze problems in natural resources management and governan...
A network approach to analysing governance of land, water and ecosystems
The Mkindo catchment in the Wami basin in Tanzania
Linking actors to green-blue water sources and flows <ul><li>Inventory of activities  </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory of organ...
The empirically measured social network influencing land, water and ecosystems
‘ Bottom up’ analysis to understand existing social structures  
Klique finder  analysis to identify cohesive subgroups
Centrality measurements to identify potentially influential actors
Emergent results <ul><li>Formal actors are not be the only or even the most important actors </li></ul><ul><li>Local (info...
Thank you! Acknowledgement: Dr. Jennie Barron  –  SEI & SRC Dr. Henrik Ernstson  –  SRC & UCT
Conceptual framework Analyse the social network structure
i.e. the pattern of interactions Identify opportunities and cons...
Multi scale assessment/framework/approach Source: Barron et al 2008
Institutional landscape in Tanzania Administrative perspective Hydrological perspective Network perspective
Source: Comprehensive Assessment 2007
Source: Rockström unpublished
Stylized Networks illustrating the network perspective <ul><li>Based on a better understanding of the existing social netw...
Study design <ul><li>Inventory of activities  </li></ul><ul><li>influencing green blue water flows  </li></ul>II) Inventor...
Water management  –  the traditional focus Source: Rockström unpublished
Green and blue water management Source: Rockström unpublished
The empirically measured social network influencing land, water and ecosystems <ul><li>Organisations directly or indirectl...
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Christian Stein - A network approach to analyzing governance of land, water and ecosystems

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Presentation at the STEPS Conference 2010 - Pathways to Sustainability: Agendas for a new politics of environment, development and social justice

http://www.steps-centre.org/events/stepsconference2010.html

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  • Growing food for a growing population without compromising the integrity of ecosystems is perhaps the largest water resources problem Different actors perceptions/goals
  • Systems devised for governing natural resources display a large diversity but the tools to understand them are strikingly blunt Formal administrative structures may have little to do with the every day reality of natural resources governance
  • Can help us better understand the complexity of natural resources governance systems
  • Christian Stein - A network approach to analyzing governance of land, water and ecosystems

    1. 1. A Network Approach to Analyzing Governance of Land, Water and Ecosystems Christian Stein Sussex University, 23 September 2010
    2. 2. Pathways to sustainable water resources management … <ul><li>have to balance landscape modifications linked to socio-economic development, e.g. food production, against the potential impacts on other water users, including ecosystems </li></ul>
    3. 3. Pathways to sustainable water resources management … <ul><li>must encompass not only the liquid water in rivers lakes and aquifers ( blue water ), but also soil moisture ( green water ) and how the complex of green and blue water sources and flows is influenced through changes in land and vegetation cover </li></ul>Source: Comprehensive Assessment 2007
    4. 4. Pathways to sustainable water resources management … <ul><li>h ave to go through a range of stakeholders related to each other through complex governance arrangements </li></ul>Source: Figure adapted from Bodin and Crona 2009
    5. 5. Systems devised for governing natural resources display a large diversity but the tools to understand them are strikingly blunt Source: Carllson and Berkes 2005
    6. 6. A social network approach <ul><li>H as recently been used to analyze problems in natural resources management and governance </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on relationships between social entities and the implications of these relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used for analyzing across different sectors and scales </li></ul>
    7. 7. A network approach to analysing governance of land, water and ecosystems
    8. 8. The Mkindo catchment in the Wami basin in Tanzania
    9. 9. Linking actors to green-blue water sources and flows <ul><li>Inventory of activities </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory of organizations </li></ul>
    10. 10. The empirically measured social network influencing land, water and ecosystems
    11. 11. ‘ Bottom up’ analysis to understand existing social structures  
    12. 12. Klique finder analysis to identify cohesive subgroups
    13. 13. Centrality measurements to identify potentially influential actors
    14. 14. Emergent results <ul><li>Formal actors are not be the only or even the most important actors </li></ul><ul><li>Local (informal) actors perform important functions with regards to governing green and blue water at the catchment scale, but they are not adequately linked to the (formal) water governance system </li></ul><ul><li>No organization coordinates the various land and water related activities across the catchment, i.e. limited horizontal interaction and local actors have limited linkages to ‘official’ actors at higher-levels of governance, i.e. limited vertical interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Current attempts to address identified gaps could benefit from building upon already existing social network structures, some of which have been identified through this network approach </li></ul>
    15. 15. Thank you! Acknowledgement: Dr. Jennie Barron – SEI & SRC Dr. Henrik Ernstson – SRC & UCT
    16. 16. Conceptual framework Analyse the social network structure
i.e. the pattern of interactions Identify opportunities and constrains of the existing governance system
e.g. existing structures that can be build on Source: Ernstson et al 2010
    17. 17. Multi scale assessment/framework/approach Source: Barron et al 2008
    18. 18. Institutional landscape in Tanzania Administrative perspective Hydrological perspective Network perspective
    19. 19. Source: Comprehensive Assessment 2007
    20. 20. Source: Rockström unpublished
    21. 21. Stylized Networks illustrating the network perspective <ul><li>Based on a better understanding of the existing social network structures (A), potential interventions can be identified (A>B) to adapt the governance network (B) </li></ul>
    22. 22. Study design <ul><li>Inventory of activities </li></ul><ul><li>influencing green blue water flows </li></ul>II) Inventory of organisations influencing activities
    23. 23. Water management – the traditional focus Source: Rockström unpublished
    24. 24. Green and blue water management Source: Rockström unpublished
    25. 25. The empirically measured social network influencing land, water and ecosystems <ul><li>Organisations directly or indirectly influencing green and blue water flows in the Mkindo catchment (n=70) </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-scale assessment including governmental, civil society, and privet sector actors from the village level to the national level </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis focuses on reciprocated collaborative relations influencing land, water and ecosystem governance in the Mkindo catchment </li></ul>

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