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International collaboration  for equitable low carbon development:  NZEC and Low Carbon Innovation Centres Dr Frauke Urban...
NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Background:   </li></ul><ul><li>China has rapidly increasing C...
 
NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>UK-China innovation collaboration:   </li></ul><ul><li>NZEC: N...
NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrating advanced, near zer...
NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Initiators and actors:   </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral agreement...
NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Partners:   </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of project partners f...
NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Time frame:   </li></ul><ul><li>2005 – 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>...
NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Impacts:   </li></ul><ul><li>CCS technology could reduce 85% o...
Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Background:   </li></ul><ul><li>Low carbon development requires the development and ...
 
Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Objectives:   </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerate the development and commercialisation of ...
Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Initiators and actors :   </li></ul><ul><li>Key actors: DfID, World Bank-based netwo...
Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Time frame:  </li></ul><ul><li>2008-9: scoping and stakeholder engagement  </li></ul...
Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Impacts and future plans:   </li></ul><ul><li>Acceleration of low carbon development...
Opportunities for collaboration  <ul><li>China Low Carbon Platform: Dissemination of research reports, policy documents an...
 
Thank you for your attention <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>
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Frauke Urban: International collaboration for equitable low carbon development: NZEC and Low Carbon Innovation Centres

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Professor Frauke Urban, Institute of Development Studies.

Presentation to the UK-China Innovation Workshop for Sustainable and Equitable Development, Tsinghua University, 19 March 2010, co-organised by China Institute for Science and Technology Policy (CISTP) at Tsinghua University and the STEPS Centre.

http://anewmanifesto.org/news/china-workshop-presentationschina-workshop-presentations/

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Transcript of "Frauke Urban: International collaboration for equitable low carbon development: NZEC and Low Carbon Innovation Centres"

  1. 1. International collaboration for equitable low carbon development: NZEC and Low Carbon Innovation Centres Dr Frauke Urban Climate Change and Development Centre, IDS Tsinghua University, 19 th March 2010 UK-China Innovation for Sustainability and Equitable Development
  2. 2. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Background: </li></ul><ul><li>China has rapidly increasing CO 2 emissions </li></ul><ul><li>40-50% of the emissions come from the energy sector </li></ul><ul><li>Strong reliance on coal  contribution to climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Low carbon technologies are needed to reduce emissions and to move towards a low carbon economy </li></ul>
  3. 4. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>UK-China innovation collaboration: </li></ul><ul><li>NZEC: Near Zero Emissions Coal project </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral innovation initiative for carbon capture and storage (CCS) between the UK and China </li></ul><ul><li>CCS is a new technology which captures the CO 2 from fossil fuels during the combustion process and stores it underground in geological formations </li></ul>
  4. 5. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrating advanced, near zero emissions coal technology through CCS in China and the EU by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance knowledge transfer between Chinese and UK parties from academia, industry and policy-making </li></ul><ul><li>Build capacity for CCS in China </li></ul><ul><li>Explore options for demonstration projects and CO 2 storage </li></ul><ul><li>Develop CCS innovation technology and construct a demonstration plant by 2015 in China </li></ul>
  5. 6. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Initiators and actors: </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral agreement developed by Chinese and UK policy-makers in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Developed out of the EU-China Summit as part of the EU-China Partnership on Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by the UK's Department of Energy and Climate Change DECC </li></ul><ul><li>Implemented by China’s Ministry of Science and Technology MOST </li></ul>
  6. 7. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Partners: </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of project partners from academia, private sector businesses and state-owned businesses </li></ul><ul><li>10 UK partners include British Geological Survey, BP, Cambridge University, Imperial College, Shell </li></ul><ul><li>20 Chinese partners include Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tsinghua University, Energy Research Institute, Greengen, BP Centre at Tsinghua, China University of Petroleum, PetroChina </li></ul>
  7. 8. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Time frame: </li></ul><ul><li>2005 – 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>Consultations in 2005/2006 </li></ul><ul><li>First phase completed 2007-2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Funding: </li></ul><ul><li>First phase: DECC provided £3.5 million funding </li></ul><ul><li>Phase 2 / 3: estimated at £7.5 -15 million (Phase 2) and £35-750 million (Phase 3) based on the technology chosen </li></ul>
  8. 9. NZEC: The UK-China Near Zero Emissions Coal project <ul><li>Impacts: </li></ul><ul><li>CCS technology could reduce 85% of CO 2 emissions from coal  significant climate change mitigation potential within Chinese energy sector </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge sharing for innovation between China and UK </li></ul><ul><li>Technology cooperation between China and UK for low carbon innovation </li></ul><ul><li>CCS demonstration plant running in China by 2015 </li></ul>
  9. 10. Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Background: </li></ul><ul><li>Low carbon development requires the development and promotion of appropriate low carbon technology innovation </li></ul><ul><li>China and other developing countries need support to gain access to and develop low carbon innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Additional funding needed </li></ul>
  10. 12. Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerate the development and commercialisation of emerging low carbon technologies </li></ul><ul><li>National, regional or global levels </li></ul><ul><li>Support the transition to low carbon development pathways in low and middle-income countries </li></ul><ul><li>Provide additional funding </li></ul>
  11. 13. Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Initiators and actors : </li></ul><ul><li>Key actors: DfID, World Bank-based network InfoDev, institutions/experts like Carbon Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Trust held consultations with developing country experts </li></ul><ul><li>DfID to test low carbon innovation approach together with InfoDev </li></ul><ul><li>Multilateral innovation initiative for at least three developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Short-listed countries in 2008: China, India, Brazil, South Africa, Indonesia, Mexico, Vietnam and Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>2010 onwards: low carbon innovation centre in China? </li></ul>
  12. 14. Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Time frame: </li></ul><ul><li>2008-9: scoping and stakeholder engagement </li></ul><ul><li>2010 onwards: setting up centres </li></ul><ul><li>1-5 year trial period </li></ul><ul><li>Funding: </li></ul><ul><li>Estimates by Carbon Trust: US$ 40 -100 million per centre per year </li></ul><ul><li>Funding from DfID and other bilateral and multilateral development agencies </li></ul>
  13. 15. Low Carbon Innovation Centres <ul><li>Impacts and future plans: </li></ul><ul><li>Acceleration of low carbon development in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Acceleration of deployment of low carbon technologies in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Overcome key barriers to innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance R&D by adapting technology to local needs </li></ul><ul><li>Set up business incubator services by providing business skills for start-ups </li></ul><ul><li>Create new enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>Provide early stage funding for low carbon ventures </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Gain new insights into innovation policy and markets </li></ul>
  14. 16. Opportunities for collaboration <ul><li>China Low Carbon Platform: Dissemination of research reports, policy documents and news on low carbon innovation for China </li></ul><ul><li>ESRC Rising Powers: China’s impact as an emerging power on energy and climate-relevant issues in low income countries / How could Chinese energy innovation policy affect low income countries in SE Asia and Africa? </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal to ESRC: Innovation and technology cooperation for CCS, offshore wind energy and solar power between China and European Union </li></ul>
  15. 18. Thank you for your attention <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>
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