LUO Hui: Global governance of S&T: Adapting to the adjustment of global innovation pattern

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LUO Hui (MOST-CAST) …

LUO Hui (MOST-CAST)

Presentation to the UK-China Innovation Workshop for Sustainable and Equitable Development, Tsinghua University, 19 March 2010, co-organised by China Institute for Science and Technology Policy (CISTP) at Tsinghua University and the STEPS Centre.

http://anewmanifesto.org/news/china-workshop-presentationschina-workshop-presentations/

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  • 1. R&D R&D/GDP SCI EI Papers Patents R&D S&T Expenditure ratio Papers Granted Personnel Human Resources China 66.4 billions 1.47% 116,677 89,377 93,706 1,965,400 46 millions (Year 2008) Dollars Russia 17.3 billions 1.03% 29,710 11,295 28,808 869,772 —— (Year 2008) Dollars India 9.374billions 0.8% 42,689 14,571 7,539 —— —— (Year 2007) Dollars Brazil 14.65billions 1.11% 34,214 6.090 2,451 224,718 —— (Year 2007) Dollars South 2.44billions 0.95% 5619 —— —— 30,984 —— Africa Dollars (Year 2006)
  • 2. Open, cooperative and integrated innovation Birthplace and process of innovation are much more flexible and uncertain Traditional concept that innovation was mainly carried out by private sectors has been broken down. Not country can monopolize the innovation market, but any country can promote the application of innovation. Openness of science and technology is becoming restricted by ideology.
  • 3. Physical science Energy science Bioscience Information science
  • 4. extended manufacturing modularized production supply chains
  • 5.  The United States: Science Diplomacy is a “Critical Tool” in U.S. Foreign Policy  The United Kingdom: Science has to play a new role in international and diplomatic policy making  European Union: Strategic framework of international science and technology cooperation  Japan: Strengthening the Strategy of Science and Technology Diplomacy
  • 6.  Russia: Build up a innovation system which could be integrated into the global innovation, and encourage knowledge export  IBSA: To promote cooperation in a broad range of areas, namely science and technology, etc  China: Utilize the global science and technology innovation resources