Today I’m going to talk about the amazing, inspirational Nelson Mandela “Madiba”.
The global Icon for world peace, equality and justice. Mandela was an instrumental
figure in ending apartheid in South Africa. He endured the most difficult adversities
for him and his people to walk once again in the light of freedom. I will take you
through his life time from childhood, imprisonment, relationships, and to his march
•Born 18 July 1918 in a small village Mvenzo, Emtata in Transkei
•18 of July in Sout Africa is a public holiday in his honour
•Birth name Rolihlahla “the troublemaker” Mandela
• His Teacher gave him the English name "Nelson"
•Mandela was influenced by his father to become a Lawyer
•His father died of tuberculosis when he was only 9
• Apartheid was a system of government is South
Africa between 1948 and 1994.Literally it meant
“apartness” and “segregation.” An official policy of
racial segregation formerly practiced in the Republic
of South Africa, involving political, legal, and
economic discrimination against nonwhites.
The were 4 groups classified by the government this groups were
Coloureds and Indians 10%
Nelson Mandela's Role in Apartheid
In 1961, Mandela became leader of the ANC's(African National
Congress)which he co-founded. After Mandela saw that non
violent protesting had not and would not achieve any progress,
at a desperate time like this he called for desperate measures.
He coordinated and organised sabotage campaigns (such as
bombing places of apartheid like courts, post offices and
government offices against military and government targets, in
an attempt to end apartheid. Mandela also raised funds from
abroad to training the group.
His rebellious ways ,disobeying curfews, organising boycotts
soon lead to his arrest.
• On 5 August 1962 Mandela was
arrested after living on the run for
• The U.S. Agency (THE CIA) tipped
off the security police as to
Mandela's whereabouts and
•Nelson Mandela was
imprisoned on Robben Island
where he remained for the
next eighteen of his twentyseven years in prison.
• While in jail, his reputation
grew and he became widely
known as the most significant
black leader in South Africa.
•Prisoners were segregated by
race. Political prisoners were
kept separate from ordinary
criminals and received fewer
•He was allowed one visitor
and one letter every 6months.
On 2 February 1990, President F.W. de Klerk reversed the ban on the ANC and other
anti-apartheid organisations, and announced that Mandela would shortly be released
Mandela was released from Victor Verster Prison in Paarl on 11 February 1990. The
event was broadcast live all over the world.
Mandela encouraged black South Africans to get behind the previously hated Springboks (the
South African national rugby team) as South Africa hosted the 1995 Rugby World Cup. After
the Springboks won an epic final over New Zealand, Mandela presented the trophy to captain
Francois Pienaar, An Afrikaner, wearing a Springbok shirt with Pienaar's own number 6 on
the back. This was widely seen as a major step in the reconciliation of white and black South
Marriage and Family
•Mandela's first marriage was to Evelyn Ntoko Mase
•Mandela's second wife, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela
•Mandela was remarried, on his 80th birthday in 1998, to Graca Machel
After his retirement as President, Mandela went on to become an advocate for a
variety of social and human rights organisations.
I hope I have succeeded in acquainting you with Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela.