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  • 1. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela The man who changed the world. Cora Ann Metz
  • 2. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela The son of an African tribal chief, Rolilahla "Nelson" Mandela trained as a lawyer and became a founding member of the African National Congress (ANC), which rose up against the new Afrikaaner government of 1948 and its policy of apartheid. Apartheid is racial segregation, which institutionalized poverty and inequality for Black people in South Africa. As a political activist and a Black man under a white extremist government, Mandela went underground to prevent being arrested for his anti-government activities. Cora Ann Metz
  • 3. Nelson Rolihlahla He became known as the Mandela fictional "Black Pimpernel" - a take on the French revolutionary figure the Scarlet Pimpernel - because of his ability to avoid the police using disguises, a favorite of which was a chauffeur's uniform. In 1961, he formed the ANC's military wing, the Umkhonto we Sizwe or MK, and led a bombing campaign against government targets. Accused of treason against the South African government, he was arrested in 1962 and charged with sabotage and conspiracy to overthrow the government by violence. He was brought to trial along with other ANC and anti-apartheid leaders. Cora Ann Metz
  • 4. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela On June 12, 1964, he was sentenced to life imprisonment and was jailed at the Robben Island Prison (pictured below), 12km from Cape Town, off the coast of South Africa where he spent the first 18 years of his incarceration. His Robben Island prison number was 46664, which later became a symbol in the campaign for his freedom. While in prison he was allowed only one visit a year of 30 minutes duration, and was permitted to write and receive only a few letters. Cora Ann Metz
  • 5. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela During his imprisonment, he contracted tuberculosis, which caused severe lung damage. This lung damage made him susceptible to the pulmonary infection he is suffering from today. He was moved to another penitentiary, Pollsmoor Prison on the mainland, for the final nine years of his custody. An international campaign lobbied for his release. A song, Free Nelson Mandela, written by Jerry Dammers and performed by his British band, The Special A.K.A , became an anthem for his release. Cora Ann Metz
  • 6. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela In 1994, Mandela became ANC President and led negotiations with the Afrikaaner President F.W. de Klerk to abolish apartheid and establish multiracial elections, in which he led the ANC to victory. As his country's first Black president, Mandela formed a Government of National Unity to ease ethnic tensions and established a new constitution which abolished racism. He instituted an inquiry into human rights abuses and introduced policies to encourage land ownership for black South Africans to combat poverty and to provide health care. Cora Ann Metz
  • 7. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Mandela and de Klerk were jointly awarded the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize "for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa". Mandela stepped down from office in 1999 and in retirement, he established the Nelson Mandela Foundation to combat poverty and HIV/AIDS. Mandela has received more than 250 international awards, including the US Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Soviet Order of Lenin. Cora Ann Metz
  • 8. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela The man who changed the world. Cora Ann Metz