The Commercial Spaceflight Revolution

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Slides from talk given at British Science Festival, University of Bradford, 15 Sept 2011

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The Commercial Spaceflight Revolution

  1. The Commercial Spaceflight Revolution Duncan Law-Green, University of LeicesterThursday, 15 September 11
  2. Commercial Spaceflight The What & Why of “NewSpace” • What: Innovative, low-cost, efficiently managed programmes • Why: To open the space frontier to all of humankindThursday, 15 September 11
  3. TWA Rocket: 1955 - 1961 Sponsored by Trans World Airlines Opening Centrepiece of Tomorrowland, Disneyland Adjacent to “Rocket to the Moon” movie exhibitThursday, 15 September 11
  4. 1968: Space Tourism in FilmThursday, 15 September 11
  5. 2001: A Space Adventure US company Space Adventures forms agreement with Russian Space Agency for space tourism trips to International Space Station. Cost $20-30 million 2001 2007/2009 Dennis Tito (US) Charles Simonyi (Hun/US) Soyuz TM-32 Soyuz TMA-10/TMA-14 2002 2008 Mark Shuttleworth (SA/UK) Richard Garriott (UK/US) Soyuz TM-32 Soyuz TMA-13 2005 Greg Olsen (US) 2009 Soyuz TMA-7 Guy Laliberte (Canada) Soyuz TMA-16 2006 Anousheh Ansari (Iran/US) Soyuz TMA-9Thursday, 15 September 11
  6. Peter Diamandis Founder of the X-Prize organisationThursday, 15 September 11
  7. Ansari X-Prize Devised by Peter Diamandis, inspired by Orteig Prize for first solo transatlantic flight, won by Charles Lindberg in 1927. Anousheh Ansari $10 million for first vehicle to carry 3 people (or one person and equivalent mass) to 100km altitude and back, twice in two weeks. Prize funded by Iranian/American telecoms entrepreneur Anousheh Ansari Prize won 4 October 2004, by SpaceShipOne, built by Burt Rutan, funded by Paul Allen (co-founder of Microsoft).Thursday, 15 September 11
  8. Virgin Galactic SpaceShipTwo Under construction at Scaled Composites, MojaveThursday, 15 September 11
  9. SpaceShipTwo & WhiteKnightTwo Completed, official rollout 8 Dec 2009Thursday, 15 September 11
  10. Spaceport America World’s first purpose-built commercial passenger spaceportThursday, 15 September 11
  11. SpaceShipTwo Drop Tests Aerodynamic glide tests started 10 Oct 2010Thursday, 15 September 11
  12. XCOR “Lynx” suborbital rocketplane Artist’s impressionThursday, 15 September 11
  13. Thursday, 15 September 11
  14. VTVL Vertical Takeoff,Vertical Landing • Several companies including Masten Space Systems and Armadillo Aerospace working on fully-reusable VTVL rocketsThursday, 15 September 11
  15. Armadillo Aerospace SUPER MOD TEST CADDO MILLS, TEXAS, 16 SEPT 2010Thursday, 15 September 11
  16. Armadillo Aerospace SUPER MOD TEST CADDO MILLS, TEXAS, 16 SEPT 2010Thursday, 15 September 11
  17. Blue Origin • Founded by Jeff Bezos, CEO of Amazon.com, working on suborbital and orbital manned spacecraft • Private spaceport at Van Horn, Texas • Unmanned PM-2 launched 24 Aug 2011 Achieved 45,000ft, Mach-1.2 before loss of vehicleThursday, 15 September 11
  18. Thursday, 15 September 11
  19. To Orbit and Beyond...Thursday, 15 September 11
  20. SpaceX • Founded by software entrepreneur Elon Musk in 2002 • Developer of low-cost launch vehicles (Falcon-1, Falcon-9), spent ~$500M • Dragon: orbital spacecraft for cargo and crew. Winner of a NASA COTS (Commercial Orbital Transportation Services) contract. • Successful Falcon-9 first launch 18 June 2010 • Successful Dragon flight test and re-entry 8 Dec 2010Thursday, 15 September 11
  21. Falcon 9/Dragon launch, Cape CanaveralThursday, 15 September 11
  22. SpaceX Dragon in orbitThursday, 15 September 11
  23. SpaceX Dragon LAS (Launch Abort System) to enable powered landingsThursday, 15 September 11
  24. SpaceX: Falcon Heavy 53 metric tons to LEOThursday, 15 September 11
  25. COTS & CCDev • COTS: Commercial Cargo to ISS - SpaceX (Dragon) - Orbital (Cygnus) • CCDev: Commercial Crew to ISS - SpaceX (Dragon) - Sierra Nevada Corp. (Dream Chaser) - Boeing (CST-100) - Blue Origin • Funding in low hundred million $Thursday, 15 September 11
  26. Bigelow Aerospace • Founded by construction magnate Robert Bigelow in 1999 • Commercial space stations, based on “Transhab” inflatable habitat technology developed at NASA JSC • Two subscale demonstrators already in orbit (Genesis-1, II). • Leases access to stations, $8 million/month • Oct 2010: Signed MOUs with Japan, Singapore, Netherlands, Sweden, Australia, UK. Full-scale due to launch 2014.Thursday, 15 September 11
  27. Bigelow Aerospace: Full-scale mockups of space station modulesThursday, 15 September 11
  28. Thursday, 15 September 11
  29. Private Space Stations • Excalibur Almaz (US/Russia/Isle of Man) • Orbital Technologies (Russia)Thursday, 15 September 11
  30. Return to the Moon... ...this time to stayThursday, 15 September 11
  31. Google Lunar X-Prize • £30M prize for first commercial rover on lunar surface. First landing by 2015. • 29 teams competing, includes major universities and aerospace companies • Rover must land, travel 500 metres, return science data and HD video Astrobotic (US) Odyssey Moon (US, UK)Thursday, 15 September 11
  32. Circumlunar flight DSE Spacecraft • Space Adventures planning circumlunar flight ($150M/ seat) • One ticket already sold, one under negotiation • Modified Soyuz plus boost stage, “free return” trajectory (similar to Apollo 13) • Flight expected around 2016.Thursday, 15 September 11
  33. Mining the Moon & Asteroids • Helium-3 Schmitt et al.) fuel for fusion reactors (Harrison from lunar soil, • Platinum group metals (Paul Spudis et al.) • Rare earth elements (MoonEx) • Iron, aluminium, titanium... • Oxygen from lunar minerals • Water (Shackleton Energy Company)Thursday, 15 September 11
  34. Satellite Solar Power • April 2009: Pacific Gas & Electric makes agreement to purchase space solar power from SolarenThursday, 15 September 11
  35. Future NASA PolicyThursday, 15 September 11
  36. NASA Budget Challenges $$ Commercial Crew $$ Science Missions $$ SLS: Space Launch System $16bn to first flight Exploration TechThursday, 15 September 11
  37. Deep Space Missions? Design for a “true spacecraft” proposed by NASA Technology Applications Assessment TeamThursday, 15 September 11

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