The Commercial Spaceflight Revolution
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The Commercial Spaceflight Revolution

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Slides from talk given at British Science Festival, University of Bradford, 15 Sept 2011

Slides from talk given at British Science Festival, University of Bradford, 15 Sept 2011

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The Commercial Spaceflight Revolution The Commercial Spaceflight Revolution Presentation Transcript

  • The Commercial Spaceflight Revolution Duncan Law-Green, University of LeicesterThursday, 15 September 11
  • Commercial Spaceflight The What & Why of “NewSpace” • What: Innovative, low-cost, efficiently managed programmes • Why: To open the space frontier to all of humankindThursday, 15 September 11
  • TWA Rocket: 1955 - 1961 Sponsored by Trans World Airlines Opening Centrepiece of Tomorrowland, Disneyland Adjacent to “Rocket to the Moon” movie exhibitThursday, 15 September 11
  • 1968: Space Tourism in FilmThursday, 15 September 11
  • 2001: A Space Adventure US company Space Adventures forms agreement with Russian Space Agency for space tourism trips to International Space Station. Cost $20-30 million 2001 2007/2009 Dennis Tito (US) Charles Simonyi (Hun/US) Soyuz TM-32 Soyuz TMA-10/TMA-14 2002 2008 Mark Shuttleworth (SA/UK) Richard Garriott (UK/US) Soyuz TM-32 Soyuz TMA-13 2005 Greg Olsen (US) 2009 Soyuz TMA-7 Guy Laliberte (Canada) Soyuz TMA-16 2006 Anousheh Ansari (Iran/US) Soyuz TMA-9Thursday, 15 September 11
  • Peter Diamandis Founder of the X-Prize organisationThursday, 15 September 11
  • Ansari X-Prize Devised by Peter Diamandis, inspired by Orteig Prize for first solo transatlantic flight, won by Charles Lindberg in 1927. Anousheh Ansari $10 million for first vehicle to carry 3 people (or one person and equivalent mass) to 100km altitude and back, twice in two weeks. Prize funded by Iranian/American telecoms entrepreneur Anousheh Ansari Prize won 4 October 2004, by SpaceShipOne, built by Burt Rutan, funded by Paul Allen (co-founder of Microsoft).Thursday, 15 September 11
  • Virgin Galactic SpaceShipTwo Under construction at Scaled Composites, MojaveThursday, 15 September 11
  • SpaceShipTwo & WhiteKnightTwo Completed, official rollout 8 Dec 2009Thursday, 15 September 11
  • Spaceport America World’s first purpose-built commercial passenger spaceportThursday, 15 September 11
  • SpaceShipTwo Drop Tests Aerodynamic glide tests started 10 Oct 2010Thursday, 15 September 11
  • XCOR “Lynx” suborbital rocketplane Artist’s impressionThursday, 15 September 11
  • Thursday, 15 September 11
  • VTVL Vertical Takeoff,Vertical Landing • Several companies including Masten Space Systems and Armadillo Aerospace working on fully-reusable VTVL rocketsThursday, 15 September 11
  • Armadillo Aerospace SUPER MOD TEST CADDO MILLS, TEXAS, 16 SEPT 2010Thursday, 15 September 11
  • Armadillo Aerospace SUPER MOD TEST CADDO MILLS, TEXAS, 16 SEPT 2010Thursday, 15 September 11
  • Blue Origin • Founded by Jeff Bezos, CEO of Amazon.com, working on suborbital and orbital manned spacecraft • Private spaceport at Van Horn, Texas • Unmanned PM-2 launched 24 Aug 2011 Achieved 45,000ft, Mach-1.2 before loss of vehicleThursday, 15 September 11
  • Thursday, 15 September 11
  • To Orbit and Beyond...Thursday, 15 September 11
  • SpaceX • Founded by software entrepreneur Elon Musk in 2002 • Developer of low-cost launch vehicles (Falcon-1, Falcon-9), spent ~$500M • Dragon: orbital spacecraft for cargo and crew. Winner of a NASA COTS (Commercial Orbital Transportation Services) contract. • Successful Falcon-9 first launch 18 June 2010 • Successful Dragon flight test and re-entry 8 Dec 2010Thursday, 15 September 11
  • Falcon 9/Dragon launch, Cape CanaveralThursday, 15 September 11
  • SpaceX Dragon in orbitThursday, 15 September 11
  • SpaceX Dragon LAS (Launch Abort System) to enable powered landingsThursday, 15 September 11
  • SpaceX: Falcon Heavy 53 metric tons to LEOThursday, 15 September 11
  • COTS & CCDev • COTS: Commercial Cargo to ISS - SpaceX (Dragon) - Orbital (Cygnus) • CCDev: Commercial Crew to ISS - SpaceX (Dragon) - Sierra Nevada Corp. (Dream Chaser) - Boeing (CST-100) - Blue Origin • Funding in low hundred million $Thursday, 15 September 11
  • Bigelow Aerospace • Founded by construction magnate Robert Bigelow in 1999 • Commercial space stations, based on “Transhab” inflatable habitat technology developed at NASA JSC • Two subscale demonstrators already in orbit (Genesis-1, II). • Leases access to stations, $8 million/month • Oct 2010: Signed MOUs with Japan, Singapore, Netherlands, Sweden, Australia, UK. Full-scale due to launch 2014.Thursday, 15 September 11
  • Bigelow Aerospace: Full-scale mockups of space station modulesThursday, 15 September 11
  • Thursday, 15 September 11
  • Private Space Stations • Excalibur Almaz (US/Russia/Isle of Man) • Orbital Technologies (Russia)Thursday, 15 September 11
  • Return to the Moon... ...this time to stayThursday, 15 September 11
  • Google Lunar X-Prize • £30M prize for first commercial rover on lunar surface. First landing by 2015. • 29 teams competing, includes major universities and aerospace companies • Rover must land, travel 500 metres, return science data and HD video Astrobotic (US) Odyssey Moon (US, UK)Thursday, 15 September 11
  • Circumlunar flight DSE Spacecraft • Space Adventures planning circumlunar flight ($150M/ seat) • One ticket already sold, one under negotiation • Modified Soyuz plus boost stage, “free return” trajectory (similar to Apollo 13) • Flight expected around 2016.Thursday, 15 September 11
  • Mining the Moon & Asteroids • Helium-3 Schmitt et al.) fuel for fusion reactors (Harrison from lunar soil, • Platinum group metals (Paul Spudis et al.) • Rare earth elements (MoonEx) • Iron, aluminium, titanium... • Oxygen from lunar minerals • Water (Shackleton Energy Company)Thursday, 15 September 11
  • Satellite Solar Power • April 2009: Pacific Gas & Electric makes agreement to purchase space solar power from SolarenThursday, 15 September 11
  • Future NASA PolicyThursday, 15 September 11
  • NASA Budget Challenges $$ Commercial Crew $$ Science Missions $$ SLS: Space Launch System $16bn to first flight Exploration TechThursday, 15 September 11
  • Deep Space Missions? Design for a “true spacecraft” proposed by NASA Technology Applications Assessment TeamThursday, 15 September 11