The Future of UK Space Science Missions Chris Castelli Head of Space Science http://www.bis.gov.uk/ukspaceagency12 Oct 2012, RAS
Growth through innovation New technologies Science as an and Growth through applications of space enabler of growth Exploring exports space to gain Winning a new larger share of knowledge, the global market Growth Strategy train the next generation and create new technologyGrowth through Education for New uses of space space such as andexploiting climate change services space for Education educationnew opportunities for growth Using space across the public sector to deliver more efficient services Growth through smarter government
Space science is at the heart of the UK Space Agency’s programmeHalf of Government space spending is on space scienceNo national programme so everything is delivered through ESA – MandatoryScience Programme and UK’s National ProgrammeESA space science programme is designed to undertake frontier scientificresearch – science driven by communityAdvancing science by creating new knowledge & inspiring us to achieve –Societies that invest in knowledge have always been able to lead & achieve moreDriving innovation and growth - new technologies, data analysis techniquesand applications, supporting a competitive industry and through training andinspiration
• By the end of decade Gaia, LISA Pathfinder. BepiColombo, JWST and the first 2 ‘Medium’ class missions in Cosmic Vision will be launched• UK ready to play a key role – Fully exploit return on investment through a coordinated programme with STFC – ‘dual key’
Herschel (2009) has revolutionised Sub-mm survey astronomy Herschel - 7,000 galaxies in 16 hoursPlanck (2009) will produce the most accurate mapof the CMB & revolutionise our understanding of theorigin of the Universe Gaia (2013) will produce the largest and most precise 3Dchart of our Galaxy measurements of 1 Billion stars! JWST (2018) - Infrared optimised successor to Hubble largest and most complex space telescope
ESA’s Cosmic Vision• Long term decadal planning 2015-2025• March 2007 was the first call• Continues Europe’s achievements and builds on Horizon 2000+• Building blocks are S, M and L class missions• UK is second largest contributor (based on GDP share of ~16%)• >£60M/yr subscription and ~£14M/yr national programme
Solar Orbiter – First Medium Class mission in Cosmic VisionExploring the Sun-heliosphere connection (Launch 2017) Science goals • Origin of the solar wind and coronal mass ejections • Acceleration of energetic particles • Nature of the solar dynamo Optimised payload of 10 remote sensing and in situ instruments • UK lead on SWA and MAG, and SPICE and major role in EUI • Direct involvement of 11 UK scientific institutions • Unique near-Sun (0.28AU), inclined orbit • Make the connection between Sun and space • First good view of the Sun’s poles
ESA Small Class MissionsS class was introduced to provide flexibility Ø Increase launch frequency of CV to achieve 1 launch every 18 months Ø 120M€ CaC and 4 yr development cycle Ø VEGA launcher Ø High science quality Ø Flexible 50M€ contribution from ESA Ø Assist in re-balancing georeturn for smaller countries i.e. those outside ‘big four’UK well placed to exploit small missions Ø SSTL’s world leading small satellites Ø ISIC EO hub ground stations and operations Ø Strong science community Ø RAL CDF for Phase A?
National Programme – Commitments and Future Planning 18000 16000 14000 L2 technology S missions/Bi-Laterals Supports the Expenditure (£k) M3 mission 12000 development of JUICE CUBESAT Euclid (VIS + SGS) 10000 Solar Orbiter JWST - MIRI + PDS payloads and 8000 Operations support + Data Centres BepiColombo associated ground Lisa Technology Packages (LTP) 6000 GAIA Data Centre development S1 Mission Operations based data systems 4000 Community support + Admin and in-orbit 2000 operations 0 Advice from SPAC 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 /1 /1 /1 /1 /1 /1 /1 /1 /2 /2 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Financial Year and STFC SB• Maintained our commitment to all instruments under development and operations• Additional £1.6M into Herschel and Planck• £21M commitment to Solar Orbiter and Euclid• Planned commitment to fully support 2 UK led instruments on JUICE• Planning for UK leadership in M3• AO for bi-laterals next year• AO for out of a national cubesat programme next year
Dual Key Mechanism ESA subscriptions • Share decision making Generic space process and achieve an technology R&D overall coherence Early R&D for space science Mission-specific (non-mission specific) • Respecting individual instruments* Studentships/fellowships Scientific exploitation of authorities Operation of UK missions instruments* • Ensure STFC’s priorities (PLS) reflected in new missions Extensive coordination ( dual key for grants; cross Aurora integrated advisory panels etc.) representation on supported by agency national* Includes programme mission data systems such as GAIA DPAC and Euclid• UK Space Agency has no remit on its own to support space science for its own sake – UKSA strategy is about growth• STFC through the community needs to hold the science strategy and be the champion/voice of the community• Need STFC to support the continued participation of the UK in ESA as delivering a high quality science programme for the UK community• Sought Science Board’s view on new opportunities (e.g. M3, JUICE etc)
Why the Dual Key is important?Astronomy is not only multi-wavelength it is multi-facilityNew space missions will return data of a quality that is unprecedented andwith extensive sky coverage space missions are/will create a powerfulresource for astronomers long after the mission has endedIn particular survey data will remain unique & valuable for decades to comeScientists working on current missions (e.g. Herschel/Planck) have onlyscratched the surface of what can be done!The data from space missions will also strongly influence whats done withground based and in most cases require extensive coordinate with groundfacilities e.g. ALMA and ESA) - make a powerful combination
National Space Technology ProgrammeFive technology roadmaps1 Telecommunications Space for growth2 Sensing Flagship, fastrack,3 Position, Navigation & Timing pathfinder (low TRL) &4 Exploration and Robotics ‘Star Tiger’5 Access to Space Partnership A new with National Programme Technology Total Space is matched ISIC is a key Strategy investment =Technology with delivery Board and £27M (32M€/Programme industrial mechanism the $42M)launched in funding Research 2011 Councils Delivery Plan - Strategic partnerships (50/50) that show how technology will lead to real economic benefit to the UK
Other National Space Programmes Basic R&D through to flight demonstrations and applications
Benefits of a National CubeSat ProgrammeØ Cost effective, fast access to space for a wider range of potential space usersØ Barriers to entry are lower providing opportunities for SMEsØ An enabling technology with countless applications still to be imagined – putting innovation into action Technical Review & SupportØ The ability to foster more industry & Platform & academia partnerships and knowledge Subsystems Mission Computer exchangeØ Try out new and ambitious ideas in space for less S-Band TransponderØ Help prepare our future spacecraft engineers, underpinning growth by having a skilled workforceØ Schools and universities can get involved through specific experiments Software and Radiation Test SupportØ A perfect fit for the Space Innovation and Growth Strategy Ground segment & operations
In summary The dual key ... And in with STFC is new science working and missions will be We are making strenghtened a major for the future. investment in We have great space programme of technology ... operational missions The UK Space Agency is up and running
UK Space Agency +44 (0)207 215 5000 email@example.com http://www.bis.gov.uk/ukspaceagency @spacegovuk
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