THE HOLOCAUST• It was the mass murder of Jewish people andother “undesirables” by the Nazis.• It took place between 1933 and 1945.• Over 6 million people were killed.• 7 out of every 10 European Jews died.
ELEMENTS LEADING TO THE HOLOCAUST• Totalitarianism combined with Nationalism• History of Anti-Semitism• Defeat in World War I• Hitler‟s belief in the Master Race• The Final Solution
WHY DID THE HOLOCAUST HAPPEN?• There was really noreason for the Holocaustto happen. It happenedbecause of racismtowards Jews.• The Holocaust happenedbecause the Nazis hatedthe Jews so much andthey thought they werebetter than the Jews.Jewish Symbol
• “The Holocaust began with Hitlers rise to power inJanuary of 1933 and ended on VE Day (May 8, 1945).During this time, more than 6 million Jews and millionsof other groups that caught the negative attention ofNazi Germany. While all the murders were devastatingto native populations, none were so devastating thanthe Jews. During this period, 5,000 Jewishcommunities were wiped out and the total that diedrepresented 1/3 of all Jewish people alive at that time.”
NAZI CONCENTRATION CAMPS• Nazi Germany began creating concentrationcamps in 1933• They were places to hold political prisonersand opponents of the Nazi regime• They grew rapidly in number throughout the1930s
NAZI CONCENTRATION CAMPS After WWII started in 1939, concentrationcamps became places where enemies ofNazis were enslaved, starved, tortured andkilled. The camps held Jews, Soviet prisoners ofwar, Gypsies), Polish people, politicalprisoners, homosexuals, people withdisabilities, Jehovahs Witnesses, Catholicclergy, Eastern European intellectuals, andothers—including common criminals.
CONCENTRATION CAMPS First Camp was Dachau (1933) Originally used to torture political opponents Became slave labor camps Each prisoner was tattooed a number Worked 12-14 hour shifts Workers would be worked to death Famous Camps: Dachau and Auschwitz Over 15,000 Camps
“THE FINAL SOLUTION”• Nazi Germanys plan and execution of the systematicgenocide of European Jews during World WarII, resulting in the final, most deadly phase of theHolocaust.• Mass killings of about one million Jews occurredbefore the plans of the Final Solution were fullyimplemented in 1942, but it was only with thedecision to eradicate the entire Jewish populationthat the extermination camps were built andindustrialised mass slaughter of Jews began inearnest.
“THE FINAL SOLUTION”• The Final Solution to the „problem of theJews‟ saw the execution of an estimated 6million Jewish people during WWII• Auschwitz concentration camp aloneaccounted for the death of 4 million Jews andnon-Jews under Nazi Germany.
AUSCHWITZ•Auschwitz was built in 1940 in the Polish city ofOswiecim, a town that had been taken by NaziGermany and renamed Auschwitz.•The original reason the camp was establishedwas that the mass arrests of Polish people thatfollowed the seizing of their country wasbecoming unmanageable by the regular prisons.•In 1942 it became one of the largest deathcamps as a part of Hitler‟s “final solution.”