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Writing reflective journals

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Reflective journals

Reflective journals

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  • 1. Stefan RathertWRITING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS ELT 750 TEACHER COGNITION IN ACTION
  • 2. OVERVIEW What are reflective journals?  the rationale behind reflective journals  forms of reflective writing  benefits of reflective journals What procedures are there for keeping reflective journals?  journal format and journal keeping routines  reflection questions to provide a focus  exploiting the data
  • 3. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS?“A journal is a teachers or a studentteachers written response to teachingevents” (Richards and Lockhart, 1996,p. 7).
  • 4. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? a responsea record of a way of triggering events insights reflection of an experience
  • 5. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? Reflective journals are used for the study of language  teacher cognition learning  how do teachers  how is second develop language acquired? professionally?  how do learners  how do teachers perceive learning? perceive their own teaching? Reflective journals are instruments of classroom observation.
  • 6. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? Distinctions in terminonolgy (I) journalistic writing: description of events analytical writing: focus on specific events reflective writing: retrospective introspective writing: examining thoughts and feelings
  • 7. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? Distinctions in terminonolgy (II)logs diary journal objective  record of  record of record of events events informatio  expressio n  interpretation n of s thoughts,  professional ideas and reflection feelings  analysis  evaluation
  • 8. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? Distinctions in terminonolgy (III) Open-ended journal entries Assigned journal entries freedom in deciding  requirement to write what to focus on about specific issues Monologue journal format Dialogue journal format no written response  written response from reader from reader
  • 9. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS?choice of system of journaling depends on:  purpose of research  teacher‟s readiness/experience of journal writing  reflective thinking level (technical – contextual – dialectical)
  • 10. JOURNAL WRITING IS A MEANSOF … analyzing and reasoning through a dilemma enhancing development and reflection promoting promoting growth in awareness of critical analysis of relationships teaching between educational psychology and practical experience
  • 11. JOURNAL WRITING IS A MEANSOF sreflecting on …ystematically self- development and on actions within classroom practicing reflective and work inquiry contents building understanding by linking writing what is understanding learned with classroom practice
  • 12. WHAT PROCEDURES ARE THERE FOR KEEPING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? journal format and journal keeping routines reflection questions to provide a focus exploiting the data
  • 13. WHAT PROCEDURES ARE THERE FOR KEEPING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? Journal format and journal keeping routines:  date and time of entry  brief sequencing of the events of the day  detailed focus on one or two episodes  analysis and evaluation: possible explanations for event; impacts on teaching
  • 14. WHAT PROCEDURES ARE THERE FOR KEEPING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? Journal format and journal keeping routines:  entries done regularly – set aside regular time and place  as soon as possible following the event  entries are uncensored accounts of teaching or learning experience  style, grammar or organization are not the main concerns  keep diary in a safe, secure place
  • 15. WHAT PROCEDURES ARE THERE FOR KEEPING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? reflection questions to provide a focus include:  questions about your teaching  questions about observable student behaviour  questions about the current state of professional development
  • 16. WHAT PROCEDURES ARE THERE FOR KEEPING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? exploiting the data  analysis by diarists themselves: “primary”, “direct” or “introspective” analysis  analysis by someone else: “secondary”, “indirect” or “non-introspective” analysis  delay analysis until substantial account of data has been collected  analyze for patterns and significant events
  • 17. WHAT PROCEDURES ARE THERE FOR KEEPING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? exploiting the data  revise„raw‟ accounts for public consumption  document and discuss the factors appearing important in teaching/learning
  • 18. REFERENCES: Borg, S. (2006). Teacher cognition and language eduacation. Research and practice. London: Continuum. Nunan D. and Bailey K. M. (2009) Exploring Second Language Classroom Research - A Comprehensive Guide. Boston: Heinle Cengage Learning Richards, J.C. and Lockhardt, C. (1996). Reflective Teaching in Second Language Classroom. New York: CUP. Ruso, N. (2007). The influence of task-based learning on EFL classrooms. Asian EFL Journal, 18. Retrieved April9, 2012 from: http://www.asian-efl- journal.com/pta_February_2007_tr.pdf Taggart, G.L. and Wilson A.P. (2005). Promoting Reflective Thinking in Teachers. 50 Action Strategies. Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin Press
  • 19. Thank you very much for your attention.

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