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Writing reflective journals

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Reflective journals

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Transcript of "Writing reflective journals"

  1. 1. Stefan RathertWRITING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS ELT 750 TEACHER COGNITION IN ACTION
  2. 2. OVERVIEW What are reflective journals?  the rationale behind reflective journals  forms of reflective writing  benefits of reflective journals What procedures are there for keeping reflective journals?  journal format and journal keeping routines  reflection questions to provide a focus  exploiting the data
  3. 3. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS?“A journal is a teachers or a studentteachers written response to teachingevents” (Richards and Lockhart, 1996,p. 7).
  4. 4. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? a responsea record of a way of triggering events insights reflection of an experience
  5. 5. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? Reflective journals are used for the study of language  teacher cognition learning  how do teachers  how is second develop language acquired? professionally?  how do learners  how do teachers perceive learning? perceive their own teaching? Reflective journals are instruments of classroom observation.
  6. 6. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? Distinctions in terminonolgy (I) journalistic writing: description of events analytical writing: focus on specific events reflective writing: retrospective introspective writing: examining thoughts and feelings
  7. 7. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? Distinctions in terminonolgy (II)logs diary journal objective  record of  record of record of events events informatio  expressio n  interpretation n of s thoughts,  professional ideas and reflection feelings  analysis  evaluation
  8. 8. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? Distinctions in terminonolgy (III) Open-ended journal entries Assigned journal entries freedom in deciding  requirement to write what to focus on about specific issues Monologue journal format Dialogue journal format no written response  written response from reader from reader
  9. 9. WHAT ARE REFLECTIVE JOURNALS?choice of system of journaling depends on:  purpose of research  teacher‟s readiness/experience of journal writing  reflective thinking level (technical – contextual – dialectical)
  10. 10. JOURNAL WRITING IS A MEANSOF … analyzing and reasoning through a dilemma enhancing development and reflection promoting promoting growth in awareness of critical analysis of relationships teaching between educational psychology and practical experience
  11. 11. JOURNAL WRITING IS A MEANSOF sreflecting on …ystematically self- development and on actions within classroom practicing reflective and work inquiry contents building understanding by linking writing what is understanding learned with classroom practice
  12. 12. WHAT PROCEDURES ARE THERE FOR KEEPING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? journal format and journal keeping routines reflection questions to provide a focus exploiting the data
  13. 13. WHAT PROCEDURES ARE THERE FOR KEEPING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? Journal format and journal keeping routines:  date and time of entry  brief sequencing of the events of the day  detailed focus on one or two episodes  analysis and evaluation: possible explanations for event; impacts on teaching
  14. 14. WHAT PROCEDURES ARE THERE FOR KEEPING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? Journal format and journal keeping routines:  entries done regularly – set aside regular time and place  as soon as possible following the event  entries are uncensored accounts of teaching or learning experience  style, grammar or organization are not the main concerns  keep diary in a safe, secure place
  15. 15. WHAT PROCEDURES ARE THERE FOR KEEPING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? reflection questions to provide a focus include:  questions about your teaching  questions about observable student behaviour  questions about the current state of professional development
  16. 16. WHAT PROCEDURES ARE THERE FOR KEEPING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? exploiting the data  analysis by diarists themselves: “primary”, “direct” or “introspective” analysis  analysis by someone else: “secondary”, “indirect” or “non-introspective” analysis  delay analysis until substantial account of data has been collected  analyze for patterns and significant events
  17. 17. WHAT PROCEDURES ARE THERE FOR KEEPING REFLECTIVE JOURNALS? exploiting the data  revise„raw‟ accounts for public consumption  document and discuss the factors appearing important in teaching/learning
  18. 18. REFERENCES: Borg, S. (2006). Teacher cognition and language eduacation. Research and practice. London: Continuum. Nunan D. and Bailey K. M. (2009) Exploring Second Language Classroom Research - A Comprehensive Guide. Boston: Heinle Cengage Learning Richards, J.C. and Lockhardt, C. (1996). Reflective Teaching in Second Language Classroom. New York: CUP. Ruso, N. (2007). The influence of task-based learning on EFL classrooms. Asian EFL Journal, 18. Retrieved April9, 2012 from: http://www.asian-efl- journal.com/pta_February_2007_tr.pdf Taggart, G.L. and Wilson A.P. (2005). Promoting Reflective Thinking in Teachers. 50 Action Strategies. Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin Press
  19. 19. Thank you very much for your attention.
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