Central position for studentsFocus on students’ needs, abilities, interests
Changing teaching methodologiesStudents are active, responsible participants in their learning.
Shared responsibility for learningStudents make choices in their education
Changing role of teacherTeacher functions as facilitator and coach
Definition• Lea et al. (2003:322) characterizes student–centered learning as:1. Reliance on active rather than passive learning,2. Emphasis on deep learning and understanding,3. Increased responsibility and accountability on the part of the student,4. An increased sense of autonomy in the learner5. Interdependence between teacher and learner,6. Mutual respect within the learner teacher relationship,7. A reﬂexive approach to the teaching and learning process on the part of both teacher and learner.’
How to make lessons student-centered?• Make the student more active in acquiring knowledge and skills• Make the student more aware of what they are doing and why they are doing it.• Make students more interacting with each other• Develop students’ transferable skills.
How to make lessons student-centered?Technique Student-centered characterFlash cards Active reading & writing3-2-1 sheets Self-AssessmentClozed worksheets Active readingJigsaw technique Increased involvementCreative writing Increased autonomyCornell Note Taking Transferable skills2-minute papers ReflectionAgreement Circles Peer learningMoral Continuum Student interestsDonut technique Transferable skillsFishbowl Teacher as facilitatorConcept Tests Deep learningConcept Cartoons Peer learningEducational Games Student involvement
Criticism for SCA• It takes more time• Not suitable for large class sizes• Not enough learning materials• Students expect teacher-centered instruction
Workshop programme• Active reading & writing skills• Reasoning skills• Conceptual thinking• Group work activities• Educational games• Low-cost experiments• Analogies & Models• Scientific Method• Use of science posters• Integrate life skills in science
Want more?• Available on request – O’Neill, G. and McMahon, T. (2005) – Lea, S.J., Stephenson, D. and Troy, J. (2003)