Visual Dictionary  BSCI 2300
Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Air barrier paper  is a  sheet material used as both a vapor retarder and an air barrier. </li><...
Attic Ventilation   Soffit Vent <ul><li>Soffit vents  are needed to allow generous air flow to all the rafter  spaces whil...
Attic Ventilation  Ridge Vent <ul><li>Ridge vents  are needed to release air from the attic that enter through the soffit ...
Attic Ventilation Gable Vent <ul><li>Gable vents  are used to discharge air that enters through the soffit vents. </li></ul>
Attic Ventilation Roof Turbine <ul><li>A  roof turbine  is used to exhaust hot air from your attic. </li></ul>
Backhoe <ul><li>A  backhoe  is an excavator whose bucket is rigidly attached to a hinged pole on the boom and is drawn bac...
Batter Boards <ul><li>Batter boards  are a temporary structure built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry mar...
Brick Arches Segmental Roman Jack Jack Arch with a  Keystone
Brick Bonds <ul><li>Running Bond  or  Stretcher Bond </li></ul><ul><li>A pattern made using only stretchers, with the join...
Brick Bonds Header Rowlocks Headers
Brick Bonds Saliors Soldiers
Brick Sizes Roman Brick : 3 ½” x 1 5/8 ”  x 11 ½”  Modular Brick : 3 ½” x 2 ¼” x 7 ½”
Bulldozer <ul><li>A  bulldozer  is a crawler equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade), used to push larg...
Cladding Brick Clad Structure EIFS Clad Structure
Cladding <ul><li>This is a  stone clad  structure using coursed ashlar stone pattern. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a  wood cl...
Cladding <ul><li>A  wood shingle  is not tapered, while a  wood shake  is tapered.  </li></ul>Shake Shingle
Code Requirements <ul><li>30”w x 30”h  </li></ul><ul><li>18” AFF </li></ul><ul><li>6.25 sq.ft.= Area </li></ul><ul><li>Thi...
Concrete Joints Control Joint <ul><li>Control joints  are a partially-formed contraction joint that aims to ensure that wh...
Concrete Joints   Isolation Joint <ul><li>An  isolation joint  is a joint in the concrete which separates a column, wall, ...
Concrete Masonry Unit <ul><li>Photos illustrating that 1 CMU= 3 brick courses </li></ul>1 2 3
Concrete Masonry Unit <ul><li>A  concrete masonry unit  is a large concrete rectangular brick used in construction.  </li>...
Decorative Concrete Masonry Unit <ul><li>Ribbed </li></ul><ul><li>Split-Face Block </li></ul>Split Block
Doors Exterior Flush Door
Doors Exterior Panel Door Top Rail Stile Panel Lock Rail Bottom Rail
Doors <ul><li>A  transom  is a small window directly above a door. </li></ul><ul><li>A  sidelight  is a tall, narrow windo...
Electrical Components <ul><li>A  transformer  is an electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current. </l...
Electrical Components <ul><li>The function of an  electric meter  is to measure the amount of electric power used during a...
Electrical Components <ul><li>A  service panel  is an auxiliary breaker or fuse box separate from the main electrical serv...
Framing Elements Step #1:  Anchor Bolt Step #2:  Sill Plate
Framing Elements Step #3:  Floor Joist Step #4:  Sub Floor Floor Joist Sub Floor Sub Floor
Framing Elements Step #5:  Sole Plate Step #6:  Stud Sole Plate Stud
Framing Elements Step #7:  Top Plate Top Plate Step #8:  Ceiling Joist
Framing Elements Step #9:  Rafter Rafter Step #10:  Roof Decking
Framing Elements Step #11: OSB  Sheathing   Sheathing  (from inside house) Stringer Step #12:  Stringer
Front End Loader <ul><li>A  front end loader  is a type of tractor, usually wheeled, sometimes on tracks, that has a front...
Gypsum Board <ul><li>Gypsum board  is an interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces;...
Heat Pump Compressor/Condenser Air Handling Unit <ul><li>The  compressor  fan moves outdoor air across coils containing re...
Insulation The purpose of  insulation  is to maintain a temperature.  Insulation keeps a house cool in the summer and warm...
Insulation Foamed Rigid Board
Lintel <ul><li>Lintel  is a beam or steel angle that carries the load of wall across a window or a door opening.  </li></u...
Mortar Joint #1 Concave mortar joint Mortar joint #1 is a  concave mortar joint  and is  tooled .  The  size  of the joint...
Mortar #2 Mortar Joint #2 is a  vee mortar joint  and is  tooled .  The  size  of the joint is 3/8” and is located on an A...
Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>Oriented strand board  (OSB) is a building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber orien...
Plumbing Drop In Kitchen Sink
Plumbing Manufactured Tub
Plumbing Roof Vent The  roof vent  is maintaining a system of plumbing drains and wastelines at atmospheric pressure by co...
Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory  </li></ul><ul><li>Lavatories are drained by using  1 ½”  pipe. </li></ul>
Plumbing <ul><li>Water closet   </li></ul><ul><li>Water closets are drained using a 3” pipe. </li></ul>
Plywood <ul><li>Plywood  is a structural material made of layers of wood glued together, usually with the grains of adjoin...
Radiant Barrier <ul><li>A  radiant barrier  is a reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies...
Rebar <ul><li>This  rebar  is  0.375”  in diameter and is a  #3  rebar.  The  deformations  of a reinforcing bar help it t...
Steep Roof Drainage Splash block Downspout Gutter A  gutter  is a channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave...
Steep Roof Materials Underlayment Underlayment <ul><li>Underlayment  is a layer of waterproof material such as building fe...
Steep Roof Materials Clay Tile Roof
Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>A  shingle  is a small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with ma...
Steep Roof Material Metal Panel Roof Typical materials  used for a metal panel roof include:  galvanized  or  aluminized s...
Steep Roof Shapes Gable  Gambrel Hip Mansard
Steep Roof Terms   Ridge Valley Eave <ul><li>A  ridge  is the level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof.  </li...
Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>A  rake  is the sloping edge of a steep roof. </li></ul><ul><li>A  soffit  is the undersurface of...
Steep Roof Terms Building Without Fascia A  building without a fascia  does not have the exposed vertical face of an eave.
Stone Random Rubble Coursed Rubble
Stone Coursed Ashlar Random Ashlar Random Ashlar
Vapor Retarder <ul><li>Vapor retarder  is a layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a bu...
Waterproofing <ul><li>Waterproofing  is an impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. </li></ul><ul><li>T...
Weep Hole <ul><li>A  weep hole  is a small opening whose purpose is to permit  drainage of water  that accumulates inside ...
Welded Wire Fabric Welded Wire Fabric The  dimension  of the grid is 6”x 6”.
Windows <ul><li>A  sliding window  is a single hung window on its side that slides in a track. </li></ul>
Windows <ul><li>A  casement window  is a projected window whose sash rotates outward from the frame. </li></ul>
Windows <ul><li>A  single hung window  is a window that has one or two moving sashes that slide up and down in tracks in t...
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Bsci2300 Visual Dictionary New

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary BSCI 2300
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Air barrier paper is a sheet material used as both a vapor retarder and an air barrier. </li></ul><ul><li>The exterior air barrier is controlling infiltration of air and moisture. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation Soffit Vent <ul><li>Soffit vents are needed to allow generous air flow to all the rafter spaces while keeping insects out. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation Ridge Vent <ul><li>Ridge vents are needed to release air from the attic that enter through the soffit vents. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation Gable Vent <ul><li>Gable vents are used to discharge air that enters through the soffit vents. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation Roof Turbine <ul><li>A roof turbine is used to exhaust hot air from your attic. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Backhoe <ul><li>A backhoe is an excavator whose bucket is rigidly attached to a hinged pole on the boom and is drawn backward to the machine when in operation. It is commonly used for digging and moving dirt. </li></ul>Bucket Width: 24”
  8. 8. Batter Boards <ul><li>Batter boards are a temporary structure built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation. </li></ul><ul><li>These batter boards are taller to allow for a full basement. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Brick Arches Segmental Roman Jack Jack Arch with a Keystone
  10. 10. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Running Bond or Stretcher Bond </li></ul><ul><li>A pattern made using only stretchers, with the joins in each row (or course) centered on the bricks in the row below. </li></ul><ul><li>Flemish Stretcher Bond </li></ul><ul><li>Like running bond, but with single rows of flemish bond (alternating headers and stretchers) every n rows. In this pattern, the flemish pattern is shown in every 6th row. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  11. 11. Brick Bonds Header Rowlocks Headers
  12. 12. Brick Bonds Saliors Soldiers
  13. 13. Brick Sizes Roman Brick : 3 ½” x 1 5/8 ” x 11 ½” Modular Brick : 3 ½” x 2 ¼” x 7 ½”
  14. 14. Bulldozer <ul><li>A bulldozer is a crawler equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade), used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc., during construction work. </li></ul><ul><li>This D9R Caterpillar is also equipped with a ripper on the back for crushing rock. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cladding Brick Clad Structure EIFS Clad Structure
  16. 16. Cladding <ul><li>This is a stone clad structure using coursed ashlar stone pattern. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a wood clad structure. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cladding <ul><li>A wood shingle is not tapered, while a wood shake is tapered. </li></ul>Shake Shingle
  18. 18. Code Requirements <ul><li>30”w x 30”h </li></ul><ul><li>18” AFF </li></ul><ul><li>6.25 sq.ft.= Area </li></ul><ul><li>This window meets code because the width, height, and area exceed the IBC minimum. </li></ul><ul><li>IBC Requirements:20” min width; 24” min height; and 5.7 sq.ft min. </li></ul><ul><li>9.75” Tread </li></ul><ul><li>7.25” Riser </li></ul><ul><li>Does not meet code because the IBC requires a min. tread of 11”, and a max. riser of 7.75”. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Concrete Joints Control Joint <ul><li>Control joints are a partially-formed contraction joint that aims to ensure that when the concrete does crack, it cracks in a predictable manner at a precise location. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Concrete Joints Isolation Joint <ul><li>An isolation joint is a joint in the concrete which separates a column, wall, etc. from the rest of the concrete slab. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Concrete Masonry Unit <ul><li>Photos illustrating that 1 CMU= 3 brick courses </li></ul>1 2 3
  22. 22. Concrete Masonry Unit <ul><li>A concrete masonry unit is a large concrete rectangular brick used in construction. </li></ul><ul><li>The most common size is 8”x8”x16”. </li></ul>8”x8”x16” 12”x8”x16”
  23. 23. Decorative Concrete Masonry Unit <ul><li>Ribbed </li></ul><ul><li>Split-Face Block </li></ul>Split Block
  24. 24. Doors Exterior Flush Door
  25. 25. Doors Exterior Panel Door Top Rail Stile Panel Lock Rail Bottom Rail
  26. 26. Doors <ul><li>A transom is a small window directly above a door. </li></ul><ul><li>A sidelight is a tall, narrow window alongside a door. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Electrical Components <ul><li>A transformer is an electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current. </li></ul>Transformer
  28. 28. Electrical Components <ul><li>The function of an electric meter is to measure the amount of electric power used during a period of time. </li></ul><ul><li>The function of a service head is to conduct electricity from outdoor lines to the meter base. </li></ul>Service Head Electric Meter
  29. 29. Electrical Components <ul><li>A service panel is an auxiliary breaker or fuse box separate from the main electrical service entrance. Its purpose is to tie all the electrical circuits of building into the main power line and allow each individual circuit to be protected by fuses or breakers to avoid overloading. </li></ul>Duplex Receptacle A duplex receptacle serves as a place where an appliance can be connected to an electric circuit. It allows for two appliances to be plugged in at once.
  30. 30. Framing Elements Step #1: Anchor Bolt Step #2: Sill Plate
  31. 31. Framing Elements Step #3: Floor Joist Step #4: Sub Floor Floor Joist Sub Floor Sub Floor
  32. 32. Framing Elements Step #5: Sole Plate Step #6: Stud Sole Plate Stud
  33. 33. Framing Elements Step #7: Top Plate Top Plate Step #8: Ceiling Joist
  34. 34. Framing Elements Step #9: Rafter Rafter Step #10: Roof Decking
  35. 35. Framing Elements Step #11: OSB Sheathing Sheathing (from inside house) Stringer Step #12: Stringer
  36. 36. Front End Loader <ul><li>A front end loader is a type of tractor, usually wheeled, sometimes on tracks, that has a front mounted square wide bucket connected to the end of two booms (arms) to scoop up loose material from the ground, such as dirt, sand or gravel, and move it from one place to another without pushing the material across the ground. A loader is commonly used to move a stockpiled material from ground level and deposit it into an awaiting dump truck or into a open trench excavation. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Gypsum Board <ul><li>Gypsum board is an interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called drywall or plasterboard. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Heat Pump Compressor/Condenser Air Handling Unit <ul><li>The compressor fan moves outdoor air across coils containing refrigerant to change the temperature of the refrigerant. The heat pump can work in reverse to cool during warm, summer months. </li></ul><ul><li>One advantage of a heat pump is it has the ability to both heat and cool. </li></ul><ul><li>Some disadvantages of a heat pump include: they are relatively noisy; and the ducts are bulky. </li></ul><ul><li>The air handling unit is a device used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning system. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Insulation The purpose of insulation is to maintain a temperature. Insulation keeps a house cool in the summer and warm in the winter . Blanket Loose Fill
  40. 40. Insulation Foamed Rigid Board
  41. 41. Lintel <ul><li>Lintel is a beam or steel angle that carries the load of wall across a window or a door opening. </li></ul>Steel Lintel Steel Lintel
  42. 42. Mortar Joint #1 Concave mortar joint Mortar joint #1 is a concave mortar joint and is tooled . The size of the joint is 3/8” and is located on an Auburn University academic building. The mortar type is S or N type.
  43. 43. Mortar #2 Mortar Joint #2 is a vee mortar joint and is tooled . The size of the joint is 3/8” and is located on an Auburn University academic building. The mortar type is S or N type. Vee mortar joint
  44. 44. Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>Oriented strand board (OSB) is a building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. OSB is a non-veneered panel product. </li></ul>4’x8’ OSB
  45. 45. Plumbing Drop In Kitchen Sink
  46. 46. Plumbing Manufactured Tub
  47. 47. Plumbing Roof Vent The roof vent is maintaining a system of plumbing drains and wastelines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to the outdoor air.
  48. 48. Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory </li></ul><ul><li>Lavatories are drained by using 1 ½” pipe. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Plumbing <ul><li>Water closet </li></ul><ul><li>Water closets are drained using a 3” pipe. </li></ul>
  50. 50. Plywood <ul><li>Plywood is a structural material made of layers of wood glued together, usually with the grains of adjoining layers at right angles to each other. Plywood is a type of engineered board made from thin sheets of wood, called plies or wood veneers. The layers are glued together, each with its grain at right angles to adjacent layers for greater strength. There are usually an odd number of plies, as the symmetry makes the board less prone to warping, and the grain on the outside surfaces runs in the same direction. The plies are bonded under heat and pressure with strong adhesives, usually phenol formaldehyde resin, making plywood a type of composite material. Veneer is a thin layer, sheet, or facing. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Radiant Barrier <ul><li>A radiant barrier is a reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy. </li></ul>Radiant Barrier
  52. 52. Rebar <ul><li>This rebar is 0.375” in diameter and is a #3 rebar. The deformations of a reinforcing bar help it to bond tightly to concrete. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Steep Roof Drainage Splash block Downspout Gutter A gutter is a channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof. A downspout is a vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level. A splash block is a small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout.
  54. 54. Steep Roof Materials Underlayment Underlayment <ul><li>Underlayment is a layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing. Its purpose is to serve as a moisture barrier. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Steep Roof Materials Clay Tile Roof
  56. 56. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>A shingle is a small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight. </li></ul>
  57. 57. Steep Roof Material Metal Panel Roof Typical materials used for a metal panel roof include: galvanized or aluminized steel .
  58. 58. Steep Roof Shapes Gable Gambrel Hip Mansard
  59. 59. Steep Roof Terms Ridge Valley Eave <ul><li>A ridge is the level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof. </li></ul><ul><li>A valley is a trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes. </li></ul><ul><li>An eave is the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof. </li></ul>
  60. 60. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>A rake is the sloping edge of a steep roof. </li></ul><ul><li>A soffit is the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a roof overhang. </li></ul><ul><li>The fascia is the exposed vertical face of an eave. </li></ul>Rake Soffit Fascia
  61. 61. Steep Roof Terms Building Without Fascia A building without a fascia does not have the exposed vertical face of an eave.
  62. 62. Stone Random Rubble Coursed Rubble
  63. 63. Stone Coursed Ashlar Random Ashlar Random Ashlar
  64. 64. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>Vapor retarder is a layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>The vapor retarder is most commonly placed on the warm in winter side . </li></ul>
  65. 65. Waterproofing <ul><li>Waterproofing is an impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. </li></ul><ul><li>This waterproofing technique is fully adhered and limits any kind of leakage. </li></ul>Waterproofing
  66. 66. Weep Hole <ul><li>A weep hole is a small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly. </li></ul>
  67. 67. Welded Wire Fabric Welded Wire Fabric The dimension of the grid is 6”x 6”.
  68. 68. Windows <ul><li>A sliding window is a single hung window on its side that slides in a track. </li></ul>
  69. 69. Windows <ul><li>A casement window is a projected window whose sash rotates outward from the frame. </li></ul>
  70. 70. Windows <ul><li>A single hung window is a window that has one or two moving sashes that slide up and down in tracks in the frame of the window. </li></ul>

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