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Multicultural Affairs, Current Trends 2011
 

Multicultural Affairs, Current Trends 2011

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For more information, please visit community.utah.gov

For more information, please visit community.utah.gov

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    Multicultural Affairs, Current Trends 2011 Multicultural Affairs, Current Trends 2011 Presentation Transcript

    • Multicultural Affairs Current Trends 2011
      • Claudia H. Nakano
      • Multicultural Affairs Director
      • 324 South State, Suite 500
      • Salt Lake City, Utah 84111
      • Office: (801) 538-8805
      • Fax: (801) 538-8867
      • Mobile: (801) 859-8443
      • [email_address]
      • Demographics
      • Household Composition
      • Housing
      • Education
      • Employment
      • Health
      • Public Safety
      • Future Implications
      Presentation Overview
    • Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2010 State and County Population Estimates by Demographic Characteristics Population by Race Population by Ethnicity STATE of UTAH Total Population: 2,763,885 Minority Population: 542,166 Utah’s minority share of the population in 2010 = 19.6% Demographics
    • Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Population Estimates by Demographic Characteristics
      • Utah’s population of color increased from 328,904 in 2000 to 542,166 in 2010, a 64.8% increase
      • Utah’s overall population was the 3 rd fastest growing state between 2000-2010 by 23.8%
      • Within Utah’s ethnic population, the Hispanic/Latino population increased at a higher rate at 77.8%
      Population Change by Race/Ethnicity 2000-2010 Demographics
    • Populations of color are greatest in San Juan, Salt Lake, and Weber counties Race/Ethnicity Population by County Demographics
    • Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey World Region of Birth of Foreign Born The foreign-born population of Utah changed by 40.3% between 2000 and 2010 Native Born 2,553,831 Foreign Born 222,638 In 2009, the top 3 countries of origin were Mexico, Canada, and Vietnam In 2010 the top 3 countries of origin were Mexico, Canada, and China (inc. Taiwan) Foreign Born Population
    • Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey Foreign Born Population who are Naturalized U.S. Citizens 2000 30.4% 2009 33.2% 2010 33.6% 50.4% 49.6% Gender and Age The distribution of the foreign born population is about even among gender whereas 83% of this population is aged 18-64 Foreign Born Population
    • Source: Refugee Services Office Statistics at a Glance; DOH Refugee Health Statistics United States Utah
      • More than 2 million refugees have resettled in the U.S.
      • The largest numbers are: 1) USSR; 2) Vietnam; 3) Yugoslavia; and, 4) Laos
      • 1970s and early 1980s – Southeast Asia
      • 1980s – Africa and Southeast Asia
      • 1990s – USSR and Yugoslavia
      • 2000s – Africa, multiple countries
      • Estimated 25,000 refugees have been resettled in Utah
      • In 2010 Kenya, Nepal, and Thailand were the largest groups by country of arrival
      • In 2010 Iraq, Nepal, and Somalia were the largest groups by nativity
      • Settlement in Utah in 2008 included 914 refugees, 2009 included 1,100 refugees and in 2010 the number of refugees increased to 1,035
      Refugee Population
    • Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey Household Profile The household profiles of Utah’s ethnic populations vary across householder type Household Composition
    • Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey Educational Attainment (25 years and older) The educational attainment of populations of color are significantly lower than white alone Household Composition
    • 2010 Household Income Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey The household income of populations of color are significantly lower than the Utah average Household Composition
    • Poverty Status in the Past 12 Months of Families Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey
      • Each ethnic community is above the Utah average with families living below the poverty level
      • Native American/Alaska Native, Pacific Islander, and Hispanic/Latino populations have the highest rate of families living below poverty level
      Household Composition
    • Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey
      • Of the population who speak a language other than English 38.2% speak English less than “very well”
      • Rates of limited English proficiency were higher among speakers of the Spanish language (42.3%)
      Household Composition
    • Housing Occupancy
      • The housing occupancy shows that ethnic populations are disproportionately higher renters than the average Utah household.
      • Black/African American households have a higher rate of renting whereas Asian households have a higher rate of being owner occupied
      Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey Housing
    • Source: 2011 Utah Homeless Point-In-Time Count, Utah 2011 Report on Homelessness, National Alliance to End Homelessness Utah’s Homeless Population
      • Homelessness affects people of all ages, races, ethnicities, and geographies
      • 0.52% of Utah’s population is homeless
      • Common characteristics of homeless and poor families include extreme poverty, single mothers, low education levels, young parents and children, less social support, racial and ethnic minorities, high levels of government assistance, and high rates of domestic violence
      • Four populations at increased risk for homelessness:
        • People living in doubled up situations
        • People discharged from prison
        • Young adults aged out of foster care
        • Uninsured people
      Housing
    • 2009-2010 K-12 Public School Enrollment Demographics Source: 2010-2011Utah State Office of Education Fingertip Facts Total Enrollment: 576,245
      • 21.9% of students enrolled in K-12 are of populations of color
      • 15% of students are of Hispanic/Latino descent
      • 57 schools statewide offer dual language immersion programs in Chinese, French, or Spanish
        • Dual Immersion is a program in which students spend half the day in English with one teacher and half the day with another teacher in a second language
      Education
    • 2010 Higher Education Total Enrollment Source: Utah System of Higher Education, Data Book 2011 Total Enrollment: 173,017
      • 28% of students enrolled in higher education are of populations of color
      • Of the ethnic populations, 52.3% are of Hispanic/Latino descent whereas Pacific Islander students have the lowest enrollment rate
      • Of the total degrees awarded (37,964) during the 2009-2010 academic year .7% were Black/African American students, .7% were AI/AN, 2.7% Asian/Pacific Islander, and 4.3% were of Hispanic descent
      Education
    • Unemployment Rate Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2010 American Community Survey; DWS Monthly Employment Report September 2011
      • Utah’s unemployment rate decreased from 9.3% since the last American Community Survey to 7.4% in September 2011; however it is unclear how this has influenced the rates within populations of color
      September 2011 Employment
    • Total 246,393 Business Development Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2007 Economic Census: Survey of Business Owners; Utah Facts 2011
      • As Utah’s population continues to diversify, ethnic communities are fostering a new entrepreneurial environment
      • The number of Hispanic-owned businesses in Utah jumped by 78% between 2002 and 2007, and revenues increased up by almost 138% percent.
      • The growth rate for such businesses in Utah is among the fastest in the nation.
      Employment
    • Health Care Services Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2010 American Community Survey; Center for Multicultural Health (2010)
      • American Indian/Alaska Native and Hispanic/Latino populations have significantly higher rates of being uninsured than all Utahns
      • Black/African American and American Indian/Alaska Native populations have significantly higher rates of problems with access to health care than all Utahns
      • For Utahns overall and for most races and ethnicities, rates of problems with access to health care were higher than rates of being uninsured, indicating that being uninsured is not the only barrier to care
      Health
    • Incarceration Rates in State Facilities Source: Utah Department of Corrections, (11/8/2011); DMC Summary 2009
      • Within the ethnic population, Hispanics have a disproportionately higher rate of incarceration
      • Native Americans have a higher rate of female incarceration
      • Minority youth age 10-17 represent 20.18% of total statewide youth in the juvenile justice system
      Public Safety
      • Minorities are expected to become the majority in 2042, with the nation projected to be 54% minority in 2050. By 2023, minorities will comprise more than half of all children.
      • The Hispanic population is projected to nearly triple, from 46.7 million to 132.8 million during the 2008-2050 period. Its share of the nation's total population is projected to double, from 15% to 30%. Thus, nearly one in three U.S. residents would be Hispanic.
      • The black population is projected to increase from 41.1 million, or 14% of the population in 2008, to 65.7 million, or 15% in 2050.
      • The Asian population is projected to climb from 15.5 million to 40.6 million. Its share of the nation's population is expected to rise from 5.1% to 9.2%.
      • Among the remaining race groups, American Indians and Alaska Natives are projected to rise from 4.9 million to 8.6 million (or from 1.6 to 2% of the total population). The Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander population is expected to more than double, from 1.1 million to 2.6 million. The number of people who identify themselves as being of two or more races is projected to more than triple, from 5.2 million to 16.2 million.
      • In 2050, the nation's population of children is expected to be 62% minority, up from 44% today, 39% are projected to be Hispanic.
      • The working-age population is projected to become more than 50% minority in 2039 and be 55% minority in 2050. Also in 2050, it is projected to be more than 30%Hispanic, 15% black, and 9.6% Asian.
      Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, An Older and More Diverse Nation by Midcentury August 14, 2008 Future Implications