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Development During First Year Of Life
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Development During First Year Of Life

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Insights into the development that occurs during a child's first year of life

Insights into the development that occurs during a child's first year of life

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  • 1. Development During the First Year of Life
  • 2. Weight Gain
    • Healthy babies gain 1-2 lbs the first 6 months
    • They gain about a pound per month during the last half of the first year
  • 3. Height
    • The average height by one year is about 30 inches.
  • 4. Body Proportions
    • Compared to adult proportions:
      • A baby’s head and abdomen are LARGE
      • A baby’s legs and arms are SMALL
  • 5. Your Child May Have a Hearing Problem If He/She is…
    • Not startled by a sharp clap
    • Never turns toward signs
    • Not awakened by loud noises
  • 6. Your Child May Be Teething if…
    • They do any of the Following:
      • Cranky
      • Restless and Wakeful
      • May Refuse Food
      • May Drool Excessively
  • 7. Bottom Front Teeth Are First to Come In
  • 8. Physical Development proceeds from:
    • head to foot
    • (cephalo-caudal)
    • First baby’s lift their heads, then they learn to roll over
  • 9. Physical Development Proceeds from:
    • Near to Far
    • (Proximal-distal)
    • Babies are able to scoot their entire body to an object, wave at it, grab it, pick it up
  • 10. Motor skills—abilities that depend upon the use and control of muscles
    • Gross Motor skills are related to large muscles of the body
  • 11. Physical Development proceeds from…
    • Simple to Complex
    • Babies go from being fed, to eating with their own hands
    Or feet
  • 12. Fine Motor Skills
    • Related to the small muscles of hands and fingers
    • Some examples of fine motor skills are coloring and drawing
  • 13. Locomotion
    • A child has locomotion when it is able to move from one place to another
  • 14. Manipulation
    • The ability to use hands and fingers to hold and grasp objects
  • 15. Handling a newborn
    • It is important to remember that neck muscles are not developed, therefore, the head must be supported
  • 16. Babies will cry because he/she…
    • Wants to be held
    • Has a soiled diaper
    • Is ill
    • Is hungry
  • 17. Ways to comfort a baby
    • Sound—sing or talk to them; music
    • Motion—rocking chair, car or stroller
    • Touch—hold or cuddle them, rub or pat their back.
    • Of course any combination of these methods work well.
  • 18. Newborn’s eyes and vision
    • Stare seems blank and uncomprehending
    • Eyes blink separately of look in different directions
    • There are no tears at first
  • 19. Sense of smell
    • A baby becomes sensitive to odors during the first few days of life
  • 20. Shaken baby
    • Shaking a baby younger than two years old creates a high risk of severe bleeding in the brain
  • 21. Feeding Baby
    • Solid food should be introduced between the 6 th to the 8 th month
    • Never Prop bay’s bottle:
      • Milk can gush into the mouth
      • Leads to digestive problems and ear infections
      • Cause of “Bottle Mouth Syndrome”
  • 22. Feeding Baby cont.
    • Bottle-fed babies are more likely to be overfed, as parents are tempted to urge the baby to “finish the bottle”.
    • Babies will begin to eat with their fingers at 8 to 10 months old.
    • Babies do not need to be put on low-fat diets or worry about cholesterol .

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