Development During First Year Of Life


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Insights into the development that occurs during a child's first year of life

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Development During First Year Of Life

  1. 1. Development During the First Year of Life
  2. 2. Weight Gain <ul><li>Healthy babies gain 1-2 lbs the first 6 months </li></ul><ul><li>They gain about a pound per month during the last half of the first year </li></ul>
  3. 3. Height <ul><li>The average height by one year is about 30 inches. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Body Proportions <ul><li>Compared to adult proportions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A baby’s head and abdomen are LARGE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A baby’s legs and arms are SMALL </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Your Child May Have a Hearing Problem If He/She is… <ul><li>Not startled by a sharp clap </li></ul><ul><li>Never turns toward signs </li></ul><ul><li>Not awakened by loud noises </li></ul>
  6. 6. Your Child May Be Teething if… <ul><li>They do any of the Following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cranky </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restless and Wakeful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May Refuse Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May Drool Excessively </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Bottom Front Teeth Are First to Come In
  8. 8. Physical Development proceeds from: <ul><li>head to foot </li></ul><ul><li>(cephalo-caudal) </li></ul><ul><li>First baby’s lift their heads, then they learn to roll over </li></ul>
  9. 9. Physical Development Proceeds from: <ul><li>Near to Far </li></ul><ul><li>(Proximal-distal) </li></ul><ul><li>Babies are able to scoot their entire body to an object, wave at it, grab it, pick it up </li></ul>
  10. 10. Motor skills—abilities that depend upon the use and control of muscles <ul><li>Gross Motor skills are related to large muscles of the body </li></ul>
  11. 11. Physical Development proceeds from… <ul><li>Simple to Complex </li></ul><ul><li>Babies go from being fed, to eating with their own hands </li></ul>Or feet
  12. 12. Fine Motor Skills <ul><li>Related to the small muscles of hands and fingers </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of fine motor skills are coloring and drawing </li></ul>
  13. 13. Locomotion <ul><li>A child has locomotion when it is able to move from one place to another </li></ul>
  14. 14. Manipulation <ul><li>The ability to use hands and fingers to hold and grasp objects </li></ul>
  15. 15. Handling a newborn <ul><li>It is important to remember that neck muscles are not developed, therefore, the head must be supported </li></ul>
  16. 16. Babies will cry because he/she… <ul><li>Wants to be held </li></ul><ul><li>Has a soiled diaper </li></ul><ul><li>Is ill </li></ul><ul><li>Is hungry </li></ul>
  17. 17. Ways to comfort a baby <ul><li>Sound—sing or talk to them; music </li></ul><ul><li>Motion—rocking chair, car or stroller </li></ul><ul><li>Touch—hold or cuddle them, rub or pat their back. </li></ul><ul><li>Of course any combination of these methods work well. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Newborn’s eyes and vision <ul><li>Stare seems blank and uncomprehending </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes blink separately of look in different directions </li></ul><ul><li>There are no tears at first </li></ul>
  19. 19. Sense of smell <ul><li>A baby becomes sensitive to odors during the first few days of life </li></ul>
  20. 20. Shaken baby <ul><li>Shaking a baby younger than two years old creates a high risk of severe bleeding in the brain </li></ul>
  21. 21. Feeding Baby <ul><li>Solid food should be introduced between the 6 th to the 8 th month </li></ul><ul><li>Never Prop bay’s bottle: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Milk can gush into the mouth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leads to digestive problems and ear infections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause of “Bottle Mouth Syndrome” </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Feeding Baby cont. <ul><li>Bottle-fed babies are more likely to be overfed, as parents are tempted to urge the baby to “finish the bottle”. </li></ul><ul><li>Babies will begin to eat with their fingers at 8 to 10 months old. </li></ul><ul><li>Babies do not need to be put on low-fat diets or worry about cholesterol . </li></ul>