2010 11 furbearer


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2010 11 furbearer

  1. 1. Utah Division of Wildlife Resources • Turn in a poacher: 1-800-662-3337 • wildlife.utah.gov Furbearer 2010–2011 GUIDEBOOK UTAH FURBEARER
  2. 2. Changes to CONTENTS Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 3 Highlights bobcat rules 5 5 6 Take a closer look at the rule Key dates Fees Utah’s bobcat numbers have 6 Basic requirements declined in recent years. They are now at 6 Adults must accompany young the lowest point recorded since the Divi- hunters sion began keeping records in 1983. 6 Furharvester education Biologists think this decline might 7 Obtaining permits have been caused by a crash in Utah’s 9 Obtaining and using tags rabbit populations. Bobcats primarily 9 Permanent tagging of pelts feed on rabbits, whose populations 11 Field requirements crash and rebound on a 10-year cycle. 11 Hunting and trapping methods 12 Avoiding nontarget species To help bobcat populations 13 Did it get wet? Decontaminate it! rebound, the Utah Wildlife Board ap- 14 Unmodified and modified Conibear proved the following changes to Utah’s traps bobcat rules for the 2010–2011 season: 15 Trappers Association Reward • Capping the number of available Program bobcat permits at 4,600 15 Are you allowed to possess a • Limiting hunters and trappers to weapon? no more than three bobcat permits 16 Trap restrictions to protect river • Reducing the length of the bobcat otters 17 Prohibited species season by one week 17 Trespassing For information on obtaining a 17 Areas closed to beaver and mink bobcat permit, see page 7. trapping To review bag limits and special 18 Restricted areas restrictions for all furbearers, see 18 Possession, sale and transportation page 22. 19 Depredation This guidebook summarizes the 20 Artificial cubby set rules and laws that regulate furbearer 21 Trapping on Waterfowl Manage- hunting and trapping in Utah. You can ment Areas 21 Special regulations at Layton- find the full text of these rules and laws Kaysville marshes at wildlife.utah.gov/rules or at the near- 22 Season dates and bag limits est Division office. 22 Kit fox voluntary release wildlife.utah.gov This guidebook is a proclamation 23 Definitions of the Utah Wildlife Board. If you have feedback or suggestions for board mem- bers, you can find their contact informa- tion online at wildlife.utah.gov. 2
  3. 3. CONTACT US HIGHLIGHTS Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 Offices are open 7 a.m. – 6 p.m., What’s new this season? Monday through Thursday. License required: You must have a current Division offices furbearer license before you can purchase a bobcat permit. Salt Lake Office 1594 W North Temple Cap on bobcat permits: Because bobcat popula- Box 146301 tions are at historic lows, the Utah Wildlife Board Salt Lake City, UT 84114-6301 has capped the number of available bobcat permits 801-538-4700 at 4,600 for the 2010–2011 season. Beginning Oct. 4, 2010, you can purchase bobcat permits on a first- Central Region come, first-served basis at wildlife.utah.gov or at any 1115 N Main Street Division office. For more information, see page 7. Springville, UT 84663 801-491-5678 Maximum of three permits: This year, you may obtain no more than three bobcat permits. For more Northeastern Region information on obtaining a permit, see page 7. 152 E 100 N Vernal, UT 84078 Later start to bobcat season: Utah’s bobcat 435-781-9453 season will begin on Dec. 1, 2010, a week later than it opened last year. To review the season dates and Northern Region bag limits for all furbearers, see page 22. 515 E 5300 S Ogden, UT 84405 Changes to beaver-trapping areas: Six areas 801-476-2740 that were once closed to beaver trapping are now open, and three additional areas have closed. For a Southeastern Region complete list of closed areas, see the information box 319 N Carbonville Road, Ste A Price, UT 84501 on page 17. 435-613-3700 Online application for WMA trapping: If you want to obtain a permit to trap on a Waterfowl Southern Region 1470 N Airport Road Management Area (WMA), you must apply online Cedar City, UT 84721 between Sept. 27 and Oct. 11, 2010. Please see page 435-865-6100 21 for details. Washington County Field Office Keep in mind 451 N SR-318 Hurricane, UT 84737 Buy your license over the phone: You can now 435-879-8694 buy a Utah furbearer license over the telephone. Just call 1-800-221-0659. The line is staffed 24 hours a wildlife.utah.gov day, seven days a week. In addition to the fee for the license, you’ll also be charged a $2 transaction fee for Wildlife Board members each item you buy. Jake Albrecht Rick Woodard, Chair Bobcat permit/tag format: Bobcat temporary Del Brady Ernie Perkins, Vice Chair possession tags and jaw tags are attached to bobcat Bill Fenimore James F. Karpowitz, permits. For more information on how to attach Tom Hatch Division Director Keele Johnson Executive Secretary 3
  4. 4. these tags to a bobcat, please read the Tagging Accidental trapping of protected species: Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 Bobcats section on page 9. Black-footed ferret, lynx and wolf are protected species under the Endangered Species Act, and river Obtain permanent tags: You may obtain otters and wolverines are state-protected species. If permanent marten and bobcat tags—by appoint- you accidentally trap or capture one of these species, ment only—at any Division office. Marten tags will you must report it to the Division within 48 hours. be available Oct. 4, 2010 through Feb. 10, 2011. Bobcat tags will be available Dec. 6, 2010 through Native American trust lands and national Feb. 10, 2011. You can also obtain permanent tags wildlife refuges: If you want to trap on Native at the Utah Trappers Association Fur Sale on Feb. 11, American trust lands and national wildlife refuges 2011 from 1–6 p.m. and Feb. 12, 2011 from 8 a.m. in Utah, you should first check with the respective to noon. tribal authority or refuge manager. Restrictions to protect river otters: In an Coyote hunting: Coyotes are not protected in effort to protect transplanted river otters, the middle Utah. They may be hunted without a license, year section of the Provo River has been added to the list round. of areas with trapping restrictions. See page 16 to learn more. Make a difference: To participate in Utah’s wildlife-management decision-making process, Checking traps after dark: A trapper on foot attend your local Regional Advisory Council (RAC) may use a flashlight to check traps after dark, and meetings. For more information on the RACs and furbearers caught in these traps may be harvested schedules, visit wildlife.utah.gov/public_meetings. by shooting at any time. Harvesting furbearers by methods other than trapping remains restricted to Corrections: If errors are found in this guidebook 30 minutes before sunrise until 30 minutes after after it is printed, the Division will correct them in sunset. Please read Hunting and trapping methods the online copy. Visit wildlife.utah.gov/guidebooks to starting on page 11 for details and restrictions. view all of the Division’s guidebooks. Don’t lose your hunting and fishing privileges If you commit a wildlife violation, you could lose the privilege of hunting and sh- ing in Utah. The Utah Division of Wildlife Resources can sus- pend the license of anyone who knowingly, intentionally or recklessly violates wildlife laws. Your license can be suspended for a wildlife violation if: • You are convicted. • You plead guilty or no contest. • You enter a plea in abeyance. You will be noti ed of any action against your privilege after criminal proceedings wildlife.utah.gov conclude. And remember, if your license is suspended in Utah, you may not be per- mitted to hunt or sh in most other states. (Visit ianrc.org to see a map of participat- ing states.) 4
  5. 5. Protection from discrimination: The Division Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 receives federal financial assistance from the U.S. Take a closer look at the Fish and Wildlife Service. Under Title VI of the Civil rules Rights Act of 1964, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation This guidebook summarizes Utah’s Act of 1973, Title II of the Americans with Disabilities furbearer hunting laws and rules. Although Act of 1990, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, Title it is a convenient quick-reference document IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, the U.S. for Utah’s furbearer regulations, it is not an Department of the Interior and its bureaus prohibit all-encompassing resource. discrimination on the basis of race, color, national For an in-depth look at the state’s origin, age, disability or sex. If you believe that you furbearer hunting laws and rules, visit have been discriminated against in any program, wildlife.utah.gov/rules. activity or facility, or if you desire further informa- You can use the references in the guide- tion, please write to: book—such as Utah Code § 23-20-3 and Utah The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Administrative Rule R657-11-4—to search the Office for Diversity and Civil Rights Programs— Division’s Web site for the detailed statute or External Programs 4040 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 130 rule that underpins the guidebook summary. Arlington, VA 22203 If you have questions about a particular rule, call or visit the nearest Division office. Private lands: The Division cannot guarantee access to any private land. If you plan to hunt or Division funding: The Division is mostly funded by trap—or engage in any other wildlife-related activi- the sale of hunting and fishing licenses and through ties—on private lands, you must obtain WRITTEN federal aid made possible by an excise tax on the sale permission from the landowner or the landowner’s of firearms and other hunting- and fishing-related authorized representative. To learn more, please see equipment. Trespassing on page 17. KEY DATES SEASON DATES Marten permits available Sept. 15, 2010 Badger, gray fox, kit fox, Oct. 2, 2010– ringtail, spotted skunk and Feb. 6, 2011 Permanent marten tags Oct. 4, 2010 weasel available Beaver and mink Oct. 2, 2010– Bobcat permits and Begins Oct. 4, 2010 April 10, 2011 temporary possession tags available Bobcat Dec. 1, 2010– Permanent bobcat tags Dec. 6, 2010 Feb. 6, 2011 available Marten Oct. 2, 2010– Utah Trappers Association Feb. 11–12, 2011 Feb. 6, 2011 wildlife.utah.gov Fur Sale Red fox and striped skunk Year round See page 22 for information on bag limits and other restrictions. 5
  6. 6. FEES Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 Furbearer Trap registration number Resident license $29 Resident $10 (payable once) Nonresident license $154 Nonresident $10 (payable once) Bobcat permits Certificates of registration Resident permit $5 each (up to 3) Fur dealer $160 Nonresident permit $5 each (up to 3) Fur dealer’s agent $160 Fur dealer renewal $40 Marten permits Fur dealer’s agent renewal $40 Marten permit No charge BASIC REQUIREMENTS Utah Code §§§§ 23-18-2, 23-18-6, 23-19-1, 23-20-3 and Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-3 Are you planning to hunt or trap bobcats, martens or other furbearers in Utah this year? Before you can obtain any necessary permits, you must meet a few basic requirements. Are you old enough? In Utah, there are no age restrictions for indi- Adults must accompany viduals who can hunt and trap furbearers. young hunters Utah Code § 23-20-20 However, if you’re under the age of 16, you must While hunting with any weapon, a person be accompanied in the field by your parent, a legal under 14 years old must be accompanied guardian or a responsible person 21 years of age or by his or her parent, legal guardian or other older. For more information on this requirement, see responsible person who is 21 years of age or the adjacent information box. older and who has been approved by the par- ent or guardian. Have you passed A person at least 14 years old and under 16 furharvester education? years old must be accompanied by a person 21 Utah Code § 23-19-11.5 years of age or older while hunting with any If you were born after Dec. 31, 1984, you must weapon. provide proof that you’ve passed a furharvester The Division encourages adults to be education course approved by the Division before familiar with hunter education guidelines or to you can: complete the hunter education course before • Obtain a furbearer license accompanying youth into the field. • Obtain a bobcat permit While in the field, the youth and the adult wildlife.utah.gov • Obtain a marten permit must remain close enough for the adult to see This proof can be a certificate of completion from and provide verbal assistance to the young your furharvester education course or your previous hunter. Using electronic devices, such as year’s furbearer license that lists your furharvester walkie-talkies or cell phones, does not meet education number. this requirement. 6
  7. 7. When a Division employee or license agent Do you have a license? Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 issues your furbearer license, he or she will include Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-6 your furharvester education number on the license. You must have a current Utah furbearer license If you are applying for a resident furbearer li- before you can: cense for the first time—and you completed furhar- • Hunt, trap or harvest furbearers vester education in another state or country—you • Obtain or use a bobcat permit must provide a valid furharvester education number • Obtain or use a marten permit and the name of the state, province or country that Furbearer licenses are available at issued the number. The Division may research this wildlife.utah.gov and from license agents and Divi- number to verify that the course you completed sion offices. meets Utah’s standards for safe and responsible You do not need a license to hunt or harvest trapping. coyote, red fox or striped skunk. For more information on how to complete Utah’s furharvester education course, visit Carry your license and permit wildlife.utah.gov/huntereducation. You must have your furbearer license—and any bobcat or marten permits—on your person while in the field. You cannot alter your license or permits, nor can you sell, transfer or loan them to another person. OBTAINING PERMITS To harvest most furbearers, you only need a furbearer license. If you want to hunt or trap bobcat or marten, however, you’ll need an additional permit. This section describes how to obtain bobcat and marten permits. Bobcat permits If you obtain a bobcat permit in 2010, it is valid Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-4 for the entire 2010–2011 bobcat season. If you were born after Dec. 31, 1984, you must have proof of furharvester education before you can Marten permits Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-6 purchase a bobcat permit. For more information, see If you were born after Dec. 31, 1984, you must page 6 or visit wildlife.utah.gov/huntereducation. have proof of furharvester education before you can You must also have a current furbearer license in obtain a marten permit. For more information, see order to obtain a permit. page 6 or visit wildlife.utah.gov/huntereducation. Beginning Oct. 4, 2010 at 7 a.m., you may pur- You must also have a current furbearer license in chase bobcat permits at wildlife.utah.gov or at any order to obtain a permit. Division office. Permits are available on a first-come, Marten permits are available free of charge from first-served basis, and you may purchase no more any Division office, beginning Sept. 15, 2010. wildlife.utah.gov than three of them. You must have a current furbearer license and a Bobcat permits will be sold until 6 p.m. on Oct. marten trapping permit on your person when you 28, 2010 or until 4,600 permits have been sold, trap marten or have marten in your possession. whichever occurs first. The Utah Wildlife Board has To request a marten trapping permit, you must capped the number of available permits at 4,600 provide your full name, mailing address, phone because of declines in Utah’s bobcat populations. number and your current furbearer license number. You must have both your furbearer license and You can submit permit requests by mail or in person bobcat permit on your person while hunting or at any Division office. trapping. 7
  8. 8. Duplicate license or permit Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 Utah Code § 23-19-10 & Utah Admin. Rule R657-42 Residency If your valid furbearer license is destroyed, lost Utah Code § 23-13-2(37) or stolen, you may obtain a duplicate from a Division Before you purchase a furbearer license, office or license agent. To obtain a duplicate bobcat it’s important to know whether you are a legal or marten permit, you must visit a Division office. resident of the state of Utah. See the definition The duplicate will cost $10, or half of the price of of residency on pages 23–24 to determine the original license or permit, whichever is less. whether you are a resident or a nonresident. The Division may waive the fee for a duplicate unexpired license or permit, provided you did not tee that reviews these mistakes. receive the original document. • You become ill or suffer an injury that prevents To obtain the duplicate license or permit, you you from participating in the hunt you may be required to complete an affidavit testifying obtained a permit for. To receive a refund, you to its loss, destruction or theft. must provide verification from a physician of your illness or injury. You must also surrender Sales final: Exceptions and the permit before the season the permit was refunds issued for ends. You cannot receive a refund if Utah Code § 23-19-38 and Utah Admin. Rule R657-42 you hunted. Some hunters and trappers successfully obtain • If you’re a member of the United States Armed licenses or permits and then realize—for one reason Forces, or a public health or a public safety or another—that they won’t be able to use them. organization, you might be eligible for a refund In most cases, the Division cannot refund the if you’re mobilized or deployed in the interest cost of the license or permit, but there are some of national defense or emergency, and your exceptions. The Division may provide a refund under mobilization or deployment prevents you from the following circumstances: participating in the hunting or fishing activity • The Division or the Utah Wildlife Board cancels you bought the license or permit for. the hunt for which you obtained the permit. A refund may also be granted if the permit recipi- • The Division determines that it collected a fee ent dies before he or she can participate in the hunt. from you by mistake. If you believe the Division To download a refund-request form, visit collected a fee from you by mistake, please wildlife.utah.gov/licenses/refund_surrender. contact the agency. The Division has a commit- wildlife.utah.gov 8
  9. 9. OBTAINING AND USING TAGS Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 As soon as you harvest a bobcat or marten, you need to attach the temporary possession tags. Then, you should plan a time to have a Division employee attach the permanent tag. Tagging bobcats tion. These measures ensure that the tissue remains Utah Code §23-20-30 & Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-5 suitable for lab analysis. Before you move the bobcat’s carcass or leave the You may not buy, sell, trade or barter a green site of the kill, you must tag the pelt with a tempo- pelt from a bobcat or marten that does not have a rary possession tag. (See the illustration on page 10 permanent tag affixed. to review the two tags attached to the permit—one for the pelt and one for the jaw.) The tagging process Obtaining permanent tags requires you to: When you bring bobcat and marten pelts to a • Completely detach the tags from the permit Division office, a Division employee will attach a • Remove the notches that correspond with the permanent tag and take possession of the lower harvest date and the animal’s sex jaw. You can also have a permanent possession tag • Attach the temporary possession tag to the attached at the Utah Trappers Association Fur Sale. unskinned carcass (also called a green pelt) so Bring any marten pelt to one of the following that the tag remains securely fastened locations: and visible • A Division office listed on page 2. Visits are by Later, you can remove the lower jaw of the appointment only from Oct. 4, 2010 through bobcat and tag it with the numbered jaw tag that Feb. 10, 2011. corresponds to the number on the pelt tag. • The Utah Trappers Association Fur Sale on Feb. While tagging a bobcat, you may not remove 11, 2011 from 1–6 p.m. and on Feb. 12, 2011 more than one notch indicating date or sex, nor can from 8 a.m.–noon. you tag more than one bobcat using the same tag. If you have bobcat pelts, bring them to one of The temporary possession tag must remain the following locations: attached to the green pelt or unskinned carcass until • A Division office listed on page 2. Visits are by a permanent bobcat tag has been affixed. appointment only from Dec. 6, 2010 through You may not use a bobcat permit to hunt, trap or Feb. 10, 2011. pursue bobcat after any of the notches have been re- • The Utah Trappers Association Fur Sale on Feb. moved from the temporary possession tag or the tag has been detached from the permit. Possession of an Permanent tagging of untagged green pelt or unskinned carcass is prima pelts facie evidence of unlawful taking and possession. Don’t forget to get your permanent marten Permanent possession tags tags. They will be available at any Division office—by appointment only—from Oct. 4, for bobcat and marten Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-7 2010 through Feb. 10, 2011. If you harvest a bobcat or marten, you must have Permanent bobcat tags will be available wildlife.utah.gov a Division employee attach a permanent possession from Dec. 6, 2010 through Feb.10, 2011. Please tag to the pelt no later than the Saturday after the contact a Division office to make an appoint- close of the bobcat and marten seasons. ment. Remember: Division offices are If you trapped marten, please bring the entire closed on Fridays. skinned carcass intact, including the lower jaw, You may also have permanent tags affixed in good condition when you present the pelt for at the Utah Trappers Association fur sale. The tagging. Good condition means the carcass is fresh or sale will be held Feb. 11, 2011 from 1–6 p.m. frozen and securely wrapped to prevent decomposi- and Feb. 12, 2011 from 8 a.m. to noon. 9
  10. 10. 11, 2011 from 1–6 p.m. and on Feb. 12, 2011 Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 from 8 a.m.–noon. Bring ‘em clean There is no fee for the permanent tags. You will Before you bring the lower jaw and pelt of receive them after the employee verifies the bobcat a bobcat to a Division office for permanent tag- was tagged with the temporary possession tag that ging, please remove as much flesh as possible. corresponds to your bobcat permit. The employee You should also allow the jaw and pelt will also review your furbearer license. to dry in the open air. Do not use a storage or transport container made of plastic—use a Transporting pelts to obtain tags paper bag or cardboard box instead. This will Bobcat and marten that were legally harvested help prevent the jaw from decaying. may be transported by someone other than the furharvester to have the permanent tag affixed. You can download an authorization form at If you transport a bobcat or marten for another wildlife.utah.gov/furbearer that makes it easy to person, you must have written authorization that collect all of the required information. includes all of the following information: • Date of kill Animals harvested outside of Utah • Location of kill Green pelts of bobcats and marten legally • Species and sex of animal being transported harvested outside of the state may not be possessed, • Origin and destination of transportation bought, sold, traded or bartered in Utah unless one • The name, address, signature and furbearer of the following conditions applies: license number of the furharvester • A permanent tag has been affixed. • The name of the individual transporting the • The pelts are accompanied by a shipping per- bobcat or marten mit issued by the wildlife agency of the state • The furharvester’s marten permit number, if where the animal was harvested. marten is being transported ID VO le mp Sa wildlife.utah.gov ID VO 10
  11. 11. FIELD REQUIREMENTS Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 Several rules govern furbearer hunting and trapping in Utah. These rules exist to help keep you safe and to ensure an ethical hunt. Please be familiar with the requirements for safely using trapping devices and firearms. You should also know the different types of hunt- ing methods you may use and what you’re required to do with any furbearer you harvest. Checkpoints and officer Hunting and trapping contacts methods Utah Code §§ 23-20-25 and 77-23-104 Division conservation officers and biologists Harvest methods and monitor the harvest and possession of furbearers. shooting hours They may also stop hunters and trappers to ensure Utah Code §§ 23-20-3, 23-20-12 & Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-13 they have the required permits, firearms and trap- You may harvest all furbearers—except for ping equipment. You should expect to encounter bobcats and marten—by any means, excluding conservation officers and biologists checking hunters explosives, poisons and crossbows. While hunting in the field and at checkpoints. and trapping, you may not use the illegal spotlight- If you’re contacted by a conservation officer, you ing methods described on page 14. must provide the officer with the items he or she Bobcats may be taken only by shooting or trap- requests. These may include any licenses, permits ping, or with the aid of dogs. and tags required for hunting, any devices used to Marten may be taken only with an elevated, participate in hunting and any game you’ve taken. covered set in which the maximum trap size shall not These contacts allow the Division to collect valuable exceed 1½ foothold or 160 Conibear. information about Utah’s furbearer populations. Harvesting furbearers by means other than trap- ping is restricted to 30 minutes before sunrise to 30 Participating in surveys minutes after sunset, unless you have a permit from Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-24 the county to spotlight coyote, red fox, striped skunk If the Division contacts you about your furhar- or raccoon. For more information on spotlighting, vesting experience, please participate in the survey see page 14. regardless of your success. Your participation helps Furbearers caught in a trapping device may be the Division evaluate population trends, assess har- taken by shooting at any time. vest success and collect other valuable information. You may check traps and remove animals at any time, except on certain waterfowl management Aiding or assisting in areas. For more information, see page 12 violations You may not take any wildlife from an airplane Utah Code § 23-20-23 You may not aid or assist another person to or any other airborne vehicle or device, or from any violate any provisions of the Wildlife Resources Code, motorized terrestrial or aquatic vehicle, including rule, proclamation or guidebook. snowmobiles and other recreational vehicles. The penalty for aiding or assisting is the same as Trap registration numbers wildlife.utah.gov that imposed for the primary violation. Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-9 Before you can use a trap in the field, you must permanently and legibly mark it with your trap registration number. You can obtain your trap registration number at any Division office. After you provide your full name (including a middle initial), your complete home ad- 11
  12. 12. dress and a one-time $10 registration fee, a Division Setting and checking traps Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 employee will assign you a trap registration number. You may not set any trap or trapping device on You will be assigned only one registration num- posted private property without the landowner’s ber. This is your permanent number, and you should permission. Landowners have the right to spring any mark it on each of your traps. traps set on their property without their permission. You may not have more than one registration If you see an illegally set trap or trapping device, number on your traps. notify a conservation officer as soon as possible. You must notify the Division within 30 days if While performing their duties, conservation you change your address or if your traps are stolen. officers may seize all traps, trapping devices and wildlife used or held in violation of the rules in this Traps guidebook. Utah Code § 23-13-4 & Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-10 All traps and trapping devices must be checked, All long-spring, jump or coil-spring traps must and any animals removed, at least once every 48 have spacers on the jaws that leave an opening of at hours. The only exception is if you are using the least 3/16 of an inch when the jaws are closed. The following types of traps, which must be checked, and only exceptions to this requirement are the following have any animals removed, every 96 hours: types of traps: • Killing traps that strike the top and bottom of • Rubber-padded jaw traps the animal simultaneously • Traps with jaw spreads less than 4 ¼ inches • Drowning sets • Traps that are completely submerged under • Lethal snares that are set to capture on the water when set neck, that have a nonrelaxing lock without a All snares, except those set in water or with a stop, and that are anchored to an immovable loop size less than three inches in diameter, must object be equipped with a breakaway lock device that will If you are unable to check your own traps, you release when any force greater than 300 pounds may authorize another person to check them for is applied to the loop. Breakaway snares must be you. Only someone who possesses a valid furbearer fastened to an immovable object solidly secured to license—and the necessary permits to check traps the ground. The use of drags is prohibited. Avoiding nontarget species • When using a snare, reduce the loop size The following recommendations from the Di- and set it about eight inches off the ground. vision and the Utah Trappers Association can help A smaller loop size won’t fit around a you avoid catching cougars, domestic animals and cougar’s head, and if the loop is set low, other nontarget species in traps set for bobcats it will likely miss the heads of most large and other furbearers. nontarget animals. • Use traps with smaller jaw spreads. For • If you catch a cougar kitten, remove traps example, a number 2 trap is big enough to from the area to avoid catching additional catch bobcats, but the larger foot of a cougar kittens. may spring the trap without getting caught. • If you know that cougars are in a particular • Avoid using 4-coiled traps. A 2-coiled trap area, find another place to trap. Cougars is sufficient to hold bobcats and coyotes, but usually displace bobcats from areas that wildlife.utah.gov larger animals like cougars or domestic ani- they frequent. mals should be able to pull out of the trap. • Avoid setting traps near trails that are • Anchor foothold traps solidly to the ground frequently used by people and dogs. and avoid using drags. A cougar or other • Avoid using baits that are likely to attract large animal will have a better chance of pets or other nontarget species. pulling out of a trap that is solidly anchored. 12
  13. 13. and remove protected wildlife—may check your Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 traps in your absence. See “Removing traps and Did it get wet? trapped wildlife” in the next section for all wildlife- Decontaminate it! removal requirements. When you go hunting or trapping, some of You may not transport or possess live protected your gear inevitably gets wet or muddy. wildlife. Any animal found in a trap or trapping Your waders, clothes, shoes, traps and device must be killed or released immediately by the knives provide good hiding places for micro- trapper or the person authorized to check the trap. scopic invasive species or whirling disease spores. Removing traps and trapped wildlife Before you leave a trapping area and step You may not disturb or remove any trapping into another water, rinse all the mud and other device—nor can you kill or remove wildlife caught debris off of your waders, boots and wetted in a trap—unless you meet all of the following trapping gear or equipment. Then, gener- conditions: ously spray all of it—especially the felt soles • You possess a current furbearer license of waders—with Formula 409 (a popular • You possess the appropriate permits or tags household cleaner). This treatment will kill any • You have been issued a trapper registration whirling disease spores. number, which is permanently marked or After you return home, thoroughly clean attached to the trapping device and dry all of your gear before using it again. There is one exception to the above law. A To learn more, visit wildlife.utah.gov/ person, other than the owner, may possess, disturb mussels. or remove a trapping device—or possess, kill or remove wildlife caught in a trap—as long as that That’s why it’s important to report stolen traps to the person has all of the following: Division as soon as possible. • A current furbearer license You must also keep a record of the individuals • The appropriate permits or tags who have written authorization to remove your • Written authorization from the owner of the traps, and supply a copy of that record to a conserva- trapping device that includes all of the follow- tion officer, upon request. ing items: • The date written authorization was Use of bait obtained Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-11 • The name and address of the owner You may not use any protected wildlife or their • The owner’s trap registration number parts—except for white-bleached bones with no • The name of the individual being given hide or flesh attached—as bait. However, you may authorization use parts of legally taken furbearers and nonpro- • The owner’s signature tected wildlife as bait. Nothing in this section allows you to use You may not set traps or trapping devices within the license, tag or permit of another person. 30 feet of any exposed bait. While you’re hunting and trapping, you may not If you use bait, you can be held responsible if it wildlife.utah.gov possess any trapping device that is not permanently becomes exposed for any reason. marked or tagged with your registered trap number White-bleached bones with no hide or flesh unless you have received written permission as attached may be set within 30 feet of traps. described above. If your registered trap number is on a trapping Loaded firearms in a vehicle Utah Code §§§§ 76-10-502, 76-10-504, 76-10-505 and 76-10-523 device, you can be held liable for any violations You may not carry a loaded firearm in or on a ve- committed with that device. This rule still applies if hicle unless you meet all of the following conditions: you’ve authorized someone else to use the device. 13
  14. 14. Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 Unmodified trap Modified trap Drawings courtesy of Brian Maxfield Unmodified and modified Conibear traps Standard V-trigger assemblies on Conibear traps (shown on the left) are not legal on certain parts of the Colorado, Green, Escalante and Provo rivers (see page 16 for locations). The modification shown on the right (one top side-parallel trigger assembly) is now required to protect river otters (see page 16 for more on required modifications). • You own the vehicle or have permission from Areas where you cannot the vehicle’s owner. discharge a firearm • The firearm is a handgun. Utah Code § 76-10-508 and Utah Admin. Rule R657-11 • You are 18 years of age or older. You may not discharge a dangerous weapon or A pistol, revolver, rifle or shotgun is considered to firearm under any of the following circumstances: be loaded when there is an unexpended cartridge, • From a vehicle shell or projectile in the firing position. • From, upon or across any highway Pistols and revolvers are also considered to • At power lines or signs be loaded when an unexpended cartridge, shell • At railroad equipment or facilities, including or projectile is in a position whereby the manual any sign or signal operation of any mechanism once would cause the • Within Utah state park camp or picnic sites, unexpended cartridge, shell or projectile to be fired. overlooks, golf courses, boat ramps or devel- A muzzleloading firearm is considered loaded oped beaches when it is capped or primed and has a powder • Without written permission from the owner or charge and ball or shot in the barrel or cylinders. property manager, within 600 feet of: The firearm restrictions in this section do not • A house, dwelling or any other building apply to concealed firearm permit holders carrying • Any structure in which a domestic animal is a concealed weapon in accordance with Utah Code § kept or fed, including a barn, poultry yard, 76-10-504, provided the person is not utilizing the corral, feeding pen or stockyard wildlife.utah.gov concealed firearm to hunt or take wildlife. Please see Utah Code §§ 76-10-504 and 76-10- Spotlighting Utah Code §§§ 23-20-3, 76-10-504, 76-10-523 and Utah Admin. Rule 523 at wildlife.utah.gov/rules for more information. R657-11-14 You may not use spotlighting to hunt or harvest protected wildlife. 14
  15. 15. Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 Trappers Association Are you allowed to Reward Program possess a weapon? Every year, Utah trappers lose hundreds of Utah Code § 76-10-503 traps to thieves. It is illegal under Utah Code § 76-10-503 to The Utah Trappers Association is offering possess or use a firearm, muzzleloader, archery a reward—up to $500—for individuals who tackle or any other dangerous weapon if you: report trap theft to the Division, which results • Have been convicted of or are under in a successful prosecution. If you see someone indictment for any felony offense; stealing a trap, report it through the Division’s • Are on probation or parole for a felony poaching hotline at 1-800-662-3337. offense; If you encounter traps while outdoors, you • Are on parole from a secure facility; have a legal obligation to respect that private • Have been adjudicated delinquent property. At the same time, trappers have (juvenile) in the last seven years of an an ethical obligation not to set traps in areas offense that, if committed by an adult, where they are likely to be encountered by the would have been a felony; general public or their pets. • Are an unlawful user of a controlled substance; You may not use a spotlight, headlight or • Have been found not guilty by reason of other artificial light to locate any protected wildlife insanity for a felony offense; while having in your possession a firearm or other • Have been found mentally incompetent weapon or device that could be used to take or injure to stand trial for a felony offense; protected wildlife. • Have been adjudicated mentally defec- The use of a spotlight or other artificial light tive as provided in the federal Brady in any area where protected wildlife are generally Handgun Violence Prevention Act; found is prima facie evidence of attempting to locate • Have been committed to a mental protected wildlife. (Prima facie evidence means that institution; if you’re spotlighting, the burden of proof falls on • Are an alien who is illegally in the United you to prove that you were not attempting to locate States; protected wildlife.) • Have been dishonorably discharged from The provisions of this section do not apply to the the armed forces; or following individuals: • Have renounced your United States • A person who uses the headlights of a motor citizenship. vehicle—or other artificial light—in a usual The purchase or possession of any hunting manner, where there is no attempt or intent to license, permit, tag or certificate of registration locate protected wildlife. from the Division does not authorize the holder • A trapper who uses an artificial light to illu- to legally possess or use a firearm, muzzle- minate the path and trap sites for the purpose loader, archery tackle or any other dangerous of conducting the required trap checks. In this weapon while hunting if they are otherwise wildlife.utah.gov instance, the trapper must carry the artificial restricted from possessing these weapons light. It cannot be a motor vehicle headlight under Utah Code § 76-10-503. or a light attached to or powered by a motor vehicle. And while checking traps with an raccoon. See Utah Code § 23-13-17 and your county artificial light, the trapper may not occupy or laws and ordinances for more information. operate any motor vehicle. Even if your county’s laws do not permit Some counties allow spotlighting if a hunter is spotlighting, you may still use spotlighting to hunt trying to harvest coyote, red fox, striped skunk or 15
  16. 16. coyote, red fox, striped skunk or raccoon if you are this guidebook. See page 22 for season dates and Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 one of the following individuals: bag limits. • A landowner (or his agent) who is protecting If you are the owner or handler of the dogs, crops or domestic animals from predation by you must have a valid furbearer license in your those animals possession while you are pursuing or harvesting a • An animal damage-control agent, acting in furbearer. an official capacity under a memorandum of When dogs are used to pursue furbearers, the understanding with the Division licensed hunter who intends to take the furbearer In addition, the above restrictions do not must be present when the dogs are released. Then, apply to a concealed carry permit holder who is the licensed hunter must continuously participate in carrying a concealed weapon in accordance with the hunt until it ends. Utah Code §§ 76-10-504 and 76-10-523. See wildlife.utah.gov/rules for more information. Use of weapons on waterfowl management areas Carrying a dangerous Utah Admin. Rule R657-9-11 weapon while under the You may only possess a shotgun or archery tackle influence of alcohol or drugs on the following waterfowl management areas Utah Code § 76-10-528 during the specified waterfowl hunting seasons or as You may not carry a dangerous weapon or hunt authorized by the Division: furbearers while under the influence of alcohol • Box Elder County—Harold S. Crane, Locomo- or drugs. Please see Utah Code § 76-10-528 at tive Springs, Public Shooting Grounds and Salt wildlife.utah.gov/rules for more information. Creek • Daggett County—Brown’s Park Use of dogs • Davis County—Farmington Bay, Howard Utah Code § 23-20-3 and Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-15 Slough and Ogden Bay You may use dogs to pursue or harvest furbearers • Emery County—Desert Lake from 30 minutes before sunrise to 30 minutes after • Millard County—Clear Lake sunset, and only during the open seasons listed in Trap restrictions to protect • Nonlethal-set leg hold traps with a jaw river otters spread less than 5 1/8 inches, and nonle- Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-26 thal-set padded leg hold traps. Drowning To protect Utah’s river otter populations, there sets with these traps are prohibited. are trapping-device restrictions for the following • Body-gripping, killing-type traps with areas: body-gripping area less than 30 square • Colorado River, between Utah-Colorado inches (i.e., 110 Conibear). state line and Lake Powell • Nonlethal dry land snares equipped with a • Escalante River, between Escalante and stop-lock device that prevents it from clos- Lake Powell ing to less than a six-inch diameter. • Green River, between Flaming Gorge Dam • Size 330, body-gripping, killing-type traps and the Utah-Colorado state line (i.e. Conibear) modified by replacing the wildlife.utah.gov • Middle section of the Provo River, between standard V-trigger assembly with one top Jordanelle Dam and Deer Creek Reservoir side-parallel trigger assembly, with the If you are trapping within 100 yards of either trigger placed within one inch of the side, side of these four rivers—or their tributaries— or butted against the vertical turn in the and up to one-half mile from their confluences, Canadian bend (see figure on page 14). you may use only the following devices: 16
  17. 17. • Tooele County—Timpie Springs Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 • Uintah County—Stewart Lake Areas closed to beaver • Utah County—Powell Slough and mink trapping • Wayne County—Bicknell Bottoms Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-26 • Weber County—Ogden Bay and Harold S. The following areas are closed to beaver Crane and mink trapping at all times: The firearm restrictions listed in this section do • Beaver County—Pine Creek (New) not apply to a person licensed to carry a concealed • Garfield County—Hunt Creek west of weapon in accordance with Utah Code § 53-5-7, as U.S. Forest Service boundary long that person is not using the concealed firearm • Grand County—Willow Creek (New), to hunt or harvest wildlife. Bitter Creek and Sweetwater drainages • Garfield and Kane counties—Swains State parks Creek above the confluence with Asay Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-16 and R651-614-4 Creek, the East Fork of Sevier River and Hunting any wildlife is prohibited within the tributaries above Blue Fly Creek boundaries of all state park areas, except those • Garfield and Iron counties—Bear Creek designated open to hunting by the Division of Parks drainage and the following creeks above and Recreation in Utah Admin. Rule R651-614-4. Panguitch Lake: Blue Springs Creek, Hunting with rifles, handguns or muzzleload- Bunker Creek and Deer Creek ers in park areas designated open to hunting is • Rich County—Big Creek above ranches, prohibited within one mile of all park facilities, Randolph Creek, Woodruff Creek above including buildings, camp or picnic sites, overlooks, Woodruff Reservoir; and Pine Creek, Dip golf courses, boat ramps and developed beaches. Hollow and Peggy Hollow within the U.S. Hunting with shotguns or archery tackle is pro- Forest Service boundary hibited within one-quarter mile of the above areas. • Summit County—All lands east of SR-150 and south of U.S. Forest Service Prohibited species roads 017, 058, 072 and 077 (commonly Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-25 and R657-11-12 known as the North Slope Road) If you accidentally trap a bear, bobcat, cougar, • Uintah County—Willow Creek (New), marten, river otter or wolverine; a furbearer out of Bitter Creek and Sweetwater drainages season; or any other protected wildlife, you must There are also trapping-device restrictions release the animal unharmed. on parts of the Colorado, Escalante, Green and You may not intentionally hunt, trap or harvest Provo rivers, including their tributaries and black-footed ferret, lynx, river otter, wolf or wolver- some of the surrounding land. You can read ine. If you accidentally trap or capture any of these more about these restrictions in the informa- species, you must report it to the Division within tion box on page 16. 48 hours. If the animal perishes, you must obtain written • Enter upon privately owned land that is permission from a Division representative to remove cultivated or properly posted without the its carcass from the trap. The carcass remains the wildlife.utah.gov permission of the owner or the person in property of the state and must be turned over to the charge of the land Division. • Refuse to immediately leave the private land if requested to do so by the owner or person Trespassing in charge Utah Code §§§ 23-20-14, 23-21-14 and 23-20-3.5 • Obstruct any entrance or exit to While taking wildlife or engaging in wildlife- private property related activities, you may not do any of the following activities: 17
  18. 18. “Cultivated land” is land that is readily identifi- For the purpose of coyote trapping, the Division Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 able as land whose soil is loosened or broken up for may authorize limited motor vehicle access to certain the raising of crops, land used for the raising of crops, WMAs. In this case, the motor vehicle access must or a pasture that is artificially irrigated. not interfere with wildlife or wildlife habitat. “Permission” means written authorization from Goshen Warm Springs WMA is closed to all the owner or person in charge to enter upon private hunting. land that is cultivated or properly posted. Permission must include all of the following details: Possession, sale and • The signature of the owner or person in charge transportation • The name of the person being given permission • The approved access dates Transporting furbearers • A general description of the land Utah Code § 23-13-4 & Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-17 “Properly posted” means that “No Trespassing” You may only transport the green pelts of signs—or a minimum of 100 square inches of bright furbearers if you possess the appropriate license and yellow, bright orange or fluorescent paint—are permits. If you have harvested bobcat or marten, displayed at all corners, on fishing streams crossing they must be correctly tagged. For more information property lines, and on roads, gates and rights-of-way on attaching temporary and permanent tags, see entering the land. If metal fence posts are used, the page 9. entire exterior side must be painted. A registered Utah fur dealer—or that person’s You may not post private property you do not agent—may transport or ship green pelts of own or legally control or land that is open to the furbearers within Utah. public as provided by Utah Code § 23-21-4. In addi- No one may transport or possess live protected tion, it is unlawful to take protected wildlife or their wildlife, except as permitted by Utah Admin. Rule parts while trespassing in violation of Utah Code § R657-3. 23-20-14. You do not need a furbearer license in order to You are guilty of a class B misdemeanor transport coyote, red fox or striped skunk. if you violate any provision described in this section. Your license, tag or permit privileges may Exporting furbearers from also be suspended. Utah Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-18 You may not export or ship the green pelt of any Restricted areas furbearer from Utah without first obtaining a valid Utah military installations (including Camp shipping permit from the Division. Williams) and federal wildlife refuges are closed to You do not need a furbearer license in order to hunting, trapping and trespassing, unless otherwise export coyote, red fox or striped skunk from Utah. authorized. If you are hunting on Native American trust Sales lands, you must observe the tribe’s wildlife regula- Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-19 tions. If you possess a valid furbearer license, you may sell, offer for sale, barter or exchange only those spe- Wildlife management areas cies you were licensed to take and that you legally Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-33 harvested. wildlife.utah.gov Most Division-owned wildlife management Any person who obtains a valid fur dealer or fur areas (WMAs) are closed to motor vehicles. You may dealer’s agent certificate of registration may buy, only access one of these areas in a motor vehicle if sell or trade green pelts or parts of furbearers within you have already obtained written authorization Utah. from the appropriate Division regional office. Fur dealers (or their agents and taxidermists) must keep records of all transactions dealing with 18
  19. 19. green pelts of furbearers. Those records must contain at any time—without a license—as long as you do Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 all of the following information: not sell or trade the animal or its parts. • The transaction date You may harvest red fox or striped skunk at any • The name, address, license number and tag time, without a license. number of each seller If the ownership of a pelt changes, the above Bobcat Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-22 information must be listed on a receipt issued to the An animal damage control agent may remove or new owner. harvest a depredating bobcat as long as the agent is You may possess legally acquired furbearers supervised by the animal damage control program and tanned hides—without possessing a furbearer and following Division-approved procedures. license—as long as you can provide proof of legal A livestock owner or the owner’s employee ownership. may take bobcats that are harassing livestock. The A furbearer license is not required to sell or pos- employee must be on a regular payroll and not hired sess coyote, red fox or striped skunk or their parts. specifically to take furbearers. Wasting wildlife Any bobcat harvested by a livestock owner or an Utah Code § 23-20-8 & Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-20 employee must be surrendered to the Division within You may not waste—or permit to be wasted or 72 hours. spoiled—any protected wildlife or its parts. You may, however, leave the skinned carcass of a Beaver Utah Code § 23-18-4 & Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-23 furbearer in the field. This action does not constitute If a beaver is causing damage, you may harvest waste of wildlife. or remove it during closed seasons, but you must first obtain a permit from a Division office or conser- Depredation vation officer. Badger, weasel and spotted skunk Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-21 If a badger, weasel or spotted skunk is creating a nuisance or causing damage, you may harvest it If you want to hunt it tomorrow, help us protect it today. wildlife.utah.gov 3337 Turn In a Poacher 19
  20. 20. ARTIFICIAL CUBBY SET Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 This manufactured container has an opening on one end that houses a trapping device. Bait must be 8 inches from the opening. Tilt the trap so bait cannot be seen from above. wildlife.utah.gov Artificial cubby sets must be placed with the top of the opening even with or below the bottom of the bait so that the bait is not visible from above. 20
  21. 21. TRAPPING ON WATERFOWL MANAGEMENT AREAS Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 Applications and permits Permits are not valid until they have been signed Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-27 by the superintendent in charge of the area to be Every year, trappers apply for permits to trap trapped. muskrat, beaver and other furbearers on Utah’s Waterfowl Management Areas (WMAs). You may Vehicle travel Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-29 only trap on a state WMA if you have the necessary Vehicle travel on WMAs is restricted to developed permit. roads. However, written permission for other travel WMA trapping permit applications will be ac- may be obtained from the WMA superintendent. cepted online from 7 a.m on Sept. 27, 2010 until 6 p.m. on Oct. 11, 2010. Trapping hours The online application process is new this year, Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-30 and there is no fee to apply. To access the application On WMAs, you may only check traps from 30 Web site and to view which areas are open this year, minutes before official sunrise to 30 minutes after go to wildlife.utah.gov/furbearer/WMA_application. official sunset. php. For assistance applying online, call 801-538- 4700 before 6 p.m. on Oct. 11, 2010. Responsibility of trappers Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-31 If the Division receives more applications than the number of permits available, a drawing will be All trappers are directly responsible to the WMA held to determine successful applicants and alter- superintendent. nates. Drawing results will be available on If you violate a WMA’s management or trapping Oct. 14, 2010. rules, as determined and recommended by the For more information about trapping on WMAs, superintendent, you may lose current and future contact the superintendents of the WMAs where you trapping privileges on all WMAs. plan to trap. You can find their contact information online at wildlife.utah.gov/furbearer/wma_con- Special regulations at tact_info.pdf. Layton–Kaysville marshes Fees Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-32 Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-28 Trapping is allowed only from Feb. 1–28, Although there isn’t an application fee, there is a 2011 on the state-administered lands along permit fee if you are successful in obtaining a permit. the eastern shore of the Great Salt Lake in Permit fees vary, depending on the WMA where you Davis County (an area commonly known as the want to trap. You can view a complete list of WMA Layton–Kaysville marshes). A portion of the trapping permit fees at wildlife.utah.gov/furbearer/ above area may also be closed to trapping. If it WMA_application.php. is closed, the area will be posted and marked. After you pay your permit fee, you will have trap- ping rights for a particular management area. wildlife.utah.gov 21
  22. 22. SEASON DATES AND BAG LIMITS Utah Furbearer Guidebook • 2010-2011 Utah Admin. Rule R657-11-26 Badger Kit fox • Season dates: Oct. 2, 2010–Feb. 6, 2011 •Season dates: Oct. 2, 2010–Feb. 6, 2011 • Areas open: Statewide* • Areas open: Statewide* • Bag limit: None • Bag limit: None Beaver Marten • Season dates: Oct. 2, 2010–April 10, 2011 •Season dates: Oct. 2, 2010–Feb. 6, 2011 • Areas open: Statewide*, except the areas • Areas open: Daggett, Duchesne, Summit and listed in the information box on page 17. Uintah counties, except where special regulations • Bag limit: None may apply on Native American trust lands • Notes: There are trapping-device restrictions • Bag limit: None on and near sections of the Colorado, Escalante, Green and Provo rivers. See the information box Mink on page 16 for more information. • Season dates: Oct. 2, 2010–April 10, 2011 • Areas open: Statewide*, except the areas Bobcat listed in the information box on page 17. • Season dates: Dec. 1, 2010–Feb. 6, 2011 • Bag limit: None • Areas open: Statewide* • Notes: There are trapping-device restrictions • Bag limit: 3 on and near sections of the Colorado, Escalante, • Possession limit: One per permit, up to a Green and Provo rivers. See the information box maximum of three on page 16 for more information. • Notes: Bobcats may be taken only by shooting, trapping or with the aid of dogs. Red fox • Season dates: Year round Gray fox • Areas open: Statewide*