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Chikungunya fever (CHIK) is an emerging, mosquito-borne disease caused by an alphavirus, Chikungunya virus (CHIKV). The disease is transmitted predominantly by Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes, the same species involved in the transmission of dengue. These guidelines are intended to be adapted by each Member Country. They are designed to increase awareness about the threat and to provide the necessary tools to put in place the best possible strategies to prevent the importation of CHIKV into the Region, or to control it if introduced. These guidelines provide guidance on how to detect an outbreak of the disease, conduct pertinent epidemiological investigations, and prevent or mitigate the spread of the disease throughout the Region.