Veronique Beauvois, ULG

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Veronique Beauvois, ULG

  1. 1. 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg Standardization Workshop Standardization in a University Lab An Experience Véronique Beauvois EMC Laboratory, ULg [email_address]
  2. 2. Contents 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg <ul><li>Our activity </li></ul><ul><li>In the European context </li></ul><ul><li>History and evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Why standardization ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why accreditation ? </li></ul><ul><li>Positive and negative aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Contents 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg <ul><li>Our activity </li></ul><ul><li>In the European context </li></ul><ul><li>History and evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Why standardization ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why accreditation ? </li></ul><ul><li>Positive and negative aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  4. 4. 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg Our activity is EMC ElectroMagnetic Compatibility Electromagnetic compatibility means the ability of equipment to function satisfactorily in its electromagnetic environment without introducing intolerable electromagnetic disturbances to other equipment in that environment. EUT environment According to 2004/108/EC
  5. 5. Our EMC Laboratory - ULg 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg
  6. 6. Our EMC Laboratory - ULg 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg
  7. 7. Contents 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg <ul><li>Our activity </li></ul><ul><li>In the European context </li></ul><ul><li>History and evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Why standardization ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why accreditation ? </li></ul><ul><li>Positive and negative aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  8. 8. In the European context ? 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg European Directive 2004/108/EC EMC since July 20 2007 (previously 89/336/EC) New approach Belgian Royal decree Feb 28 2007 Standards EUT
  9. 9. European directive 2004/108/EC > Harmonized standards 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg
  10. 10. European directive 2004/108/EC > Harmonized standards 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg European standardization organisations ? CEN and CENELEC (IEC/CISPR) and ETSI Very large scope : all electronics equipments, means coffee machine, computer, inverter, medical electrical equipment, LED, home automation equipment, alarm system, mobile phone, active filter, applications for residential, commercial, industrial, trains, airplanes, space, cars, …
  11. 11. Contents 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg <ul><li>Our activity </li></ul><ul><li>In the European context </li></ul><ul><li>History and evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Why standardization ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why accreditation ? </li></ul><ul><li>Positive and negative aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  12. 12. Our EMC Laboratory - ULg 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg <ul><li>July 1997 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building of a semi-anechoic chamber 9x6x6 m 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measuring instruments to cover a wide scope of commercial and industrial EMC standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budget ~ 1.500.000 € (Feder Meuse-Vesdre Objectif II) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>March 1998 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Official opening </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2003 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accreditation BELAC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The scope of accreditation is enlarged each year (eg in 2008 radiated emission up to 6 GHz) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Our EMC Laboratory - ULg 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg <ul><li>During 10 years, more than 100 companies (mainly installed in Wallonia) (large, medium, small and very small companies) are our customers and some of them, since the 1st day. </li></ul><ul><li>Why ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-compliance and compliance tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debugging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge and follow up of the standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accreditation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility, availability, quickness, equipments availability … </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Our EMC Laboratory - ULg 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg <ul><li>Evolution of technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>more electronics (  P) in low cost applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wi-Fi, Zigbee, GSM, … in many applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolution of lightings (LEDs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing of frequency spectrum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evolution of standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radiated emission and immunity : increasing of max frequency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolution of lighting standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing of constraints and immunity levels </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Our EMC Laboratory - ULg 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg
  16. 16. Our EMC Laboratory - ULg 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg Reverberating room: How does it work? Advantages ? <ul><li>No absorbers  cost reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Isotropy: no need to rotate the EUT </li></ul><ul><li>Immunity tests with affordable input power </li></ul><ul><li>Possible to easily generate high field levels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100 V/m with 1W @ 1GHz </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MIL 461 and RTCA DO 160 standards, IEC/EC 61000-4-21 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Contents 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg <ul><li>Our activity </li></ul><ul><li>In the European context </li></ul><ul><li>History and evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Why standardization ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why accreditation ? </li></ul><ul><li>Positive and negative aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  18. 18. Why standardization ? 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg <ul><li>The European directive is related to harmonized standards. </li></ul><ul><li>The tests procedures and the limits and levels we have to use during the tests are described in the standards. This guarantee the reproductibility of tests and the uniformity of methods and limits. </li></ul><ul><li>Synonym of a certain rigor. </li></ul><ul><li>The standards should follow the technology (eg increasing of frequencies, wireless technologies, …). </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
  19. 19. Contents 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg <ul><li>Our activity </li></ul><ul><li>In the European context </li></ul><ul><li>History and evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Why standardization ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why accreditation ? </li></ul><ul><li>Positive and negative aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  20. 20. Why accreditation ? 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg <ul><li>Requested by some customers. </li></ul><ul><li>Synonym of rigor, respect of confidentiality, quality of measurements, of technical people, of results. </li></ul><ul><li>A quite new concept in Universities (RQLab ULg, SMAQ). </li></ul><ul><li>A kind of label for new customers and international customers. </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
  21. 21. Contents 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg <ul><li>Our activity </li></ul><ul><li>In the European context </li></ul><ul><li>History and evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Why standardization ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why accreditation ? </li></ul><ul><li>Positive and negative aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  22. 22. Positive vs negative aspects 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg + - <ul><li>Rigor </li></ul><ul><li>Round robin tests </li></ul><ul><li>Contribution to TC </li></ul><ul><li>Customers </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul><ul><li>Rigidity and inflexibility vs research and creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Follow up of a broad scope </li></ul><ul><li>Gap between technologies and standards </li></ul><ul><li>Investment and cost </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
  23. 23. 15.12.2010 V. Beauvois, ULg Thank You Questions ?

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