Outreach Magazine: May UN Meetings Day 10


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Outreach Magazine: May UN Meetings Day 10

  1. 1. inside: Rio+20 must address global economic governance 25 years of Stakeholder Forum a multi-stakeholder magazine on climate change and sustainable development out reach. 04 May 2012www.stakeholderforum.org/sf/outreach/ pic: Carlos Ortega
  2. 2. contents. 1 25 years of Stakeholder Forum Roads to Rio and points beyond 2 Sustainable Development Dialogues 3 Profile - Rachel Kyte 5 4 Rio+20 must address global economic governance 5 Right to water affirmed, but social rights and Rio Principles still under threat 6 Major Group interviews on the Rio+20 Process - Ivana Savic Major Group interviews on the Rio+20 Process - Anabella Rosemberg 7 Recipe for success at Rio + 20 8 Major Group interviews on the Rio+20 Process - Leida Rijnhout 8 Major Group interviews on the Rio+20 Process - Joji Carino 9 Ten themes for the Rio+20 sandwich days (16th-19th June 2012) 10 Moving from the ‘future we can’ achieve to the ‘future we want’ 11 New York youth seek to influence UN Negotiations 12 A sense of possibility – delegates’ minds turn to post Rio delivery in New York 13 What happens on Monday? From Talk to Walk; Rio+20 Side Event Calendar; World Summit of Federated States and Regions 10 14 Reflections on the negotiations pic: Carlos Ortega OUTREACH IS PUBLISHED BY: Outreach is a multi-stakeholder publication on OUTREACH EDITORIAL TEAM climate change and sustainable development. Editorial Advisors Felix Dodds Stakeholder Forum It is the longest continually produced stakeholder magazine in the sustainable Farooq Ullah Stakeholder Forum development arena, published at various Editor Georgie Macdonald Stakeholder Forum international meetings on the environment; Co-editor Amy Cutter Stakeholder Forum including the UNCSD meetings (since 1997), UNEP Governing Council, UNFCCC Conference Editorial Assistant Jack Cornforth Stakeholder Forum of the Parties (COP) and World Water Week. Print Designer Jessica Wolf Jessica Wolf Design Published as a daily edition, in both print and web form, Outreach provides a vehicle Web Designer Thomas Harrisson Stakeholder Forum for critical analysis on key thematic topics in Web Designer Matthew Reading-Smith Stakeholder Forum the sustainability arena, as well as a voice of regional and local governments, women,About Stakeholder Forum indigenous peoples, trade unions, industry, CONTRIBUTING WRITERS youth and NGOs. To fully ensure a multi-Stakeholder Forum is an international stakeholder perspective, we aim to engage Felix Dodds Stakeholder Forum a wide range of stakeholders for article Leida Rijnhout NGOsorganisation working to advance sustainabledevelopment and promote democracy at a contributions and project funding. André Abreu France Libertés Foundation Rachel Kyte World Bankglobal level. Our work aims to enhance open, If you are interested in contributing Kirsty Schneeberger Stakeholder Forum Sue Riddlestone BioRegionalaccountable and participatory internationaldecision-making on sustainable development to Outreach, please contact the team Ivana Savic Children And Youth Jan-Gustav (gmacdonald@stakeholderforum.org or Strandenaes Stakeholder Forumthrough enhancing the involvementof stakeholders in intergovernmental acutter@stakeholderforum.org) Anabella Rosemberg Trade Unions Sébastien Duyck Alice Vincentprocesses. For more information, visit: You can also follow us on Twitter:www.stakeholderforum.org @OutreachLive Joji Carino Indigenous Peoples Catherine Skopic IBON International
  3. 3. 25 years of Stakeholder Forum Felix Dodds Stakeholder Forum25 years ago, Mostafa Tolba, the then Executive Director Stakeholder Forum became a global multi-stakeholder bodyof UNEP approached UK stakeholders and the UK , in 2000, with its first International Advisory Board meetinggovernment to set up what would become the first UNEP held at Wilton Park, England, at the informal discussion onNational Committee. Originally known as UNEP-UK and Rio+10, which was co-organised by Stakeholder Forum andhoused at IIED, Stakeholder Forum was born in June 1987. Wilton Park. The meeting played a significant role in theThe original focus of Stakeholder Forum in those first early framing of the Rio+10 modalities.few years was to promote UNEP in the UK and facilitatediscussion on the implementation of the Brundtland For the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD),Commission Report findings. Stakeholder Forum launched the first global network for regional government. Nrg4SD is now an importantUnder its second Executive Director, Koy Thompson, it stakeholder body at global meetings - Stakeholder Forum,took a critical role in organising the UK NGO involvement played the role of secretariat in its first year.in the first Rio Summit. In Johannesburg, Stakeholder Forum also held the firstReformed after the Earth Summit in 1992 to become Implementation Conference and launched 23 Type Twoa multi-stakeholder platform, Stakeholder Forum Partnerships, some of which have gone on to become vitalwelcomed one of the UK’s best known greens, Jonathon parts of the sustainable development tapestry post -WSSD.Porritt, as Chair and was joined by a new ExecutiveDirector, myself. It also became the UK focal point for In 2008, Stakeholder Forum joined the UNFCCC processesUNDP – reflecting the nature of the Rio Summit as a and – jointly with the Stockholm International Waterconference on environment and development. Institute – set up the Water and Climate Coalition, which succeeded in getting water on to the agenda of theIt played an important role in the 1990s in helping to UNFCCC within two years.prepare the UK stakeholder input into the major UNConferences on Social Development, Women, Human Also in 2008, ten days after the G77 tabled the resolutionSettlements and Sustainable Development. It also played for a new summit on Sustainable Development,a significant role in setting up the NGO coalition on the Stakeholder Forum hosted the first meeting on Rio+20new Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) and in San Sebastian, Spain. Stakeholder Forum has beenthe coalition on the Habitat II Conference. working to support the Summit since then and launched its Rio+20 website, Earth Summit 2012, in January 2009,In 1997 the new Stakeholder Forum Chair, Derek Osborn nearly a year before governments agreed to a Summit.– formerly Director General of the UK Department ofEnvironment – was asked to co-chair the preparatory At the end of May, we will publish our thirteenth bookprocess for Rio+5. New multi-stakeholder dialogues were in 15 years, ‘Only One Earth’, which examines the last 40introduced in 1997, following a suggestion by Stakeholder years, and the challenges for the future. The books haveForum to the UN General Assembly in 1996. played an important role in highlighting major issues, as well as helping stakeholders to engage with the process.Reformed as an idea by the amazing director of the UNDivision on Sustainable Development, Joke Waller Hunter, As I look back on the last 20 years as Director, I seeinto what became a vital part of the CSD for the next 4 that those of us who have been involved in sustainableyears – twelve hours of interactive dialogue of stakeholders development have had to defend many of the agreementswith governments on the first two days of the CSD. It was made in Rio in 1992. Stakeholder Forum has succeededduring this time that the most important stakeholder due to great staff and enormous support from its UKengagements within the UN system took place. board and International Advisory Board.Outreach was first published by Stakeholder Forum I believe the new Executive Director, Farooq Ullah, who willin 1996, and has been published ever since at the UN be taking over on 1st September 2012, will build on thisCSD meetings, and, more recently, at the UNFCCC great work and take the organisation to the new level. Inegotiations. It provides a vital space for stakeholders to hope he has as much fun as I have had, drinking as muchexpress their views and ideas. coffee as I have, and spending long nights working with . governments, the UN, and stakeholders to help us move to a much more sustainable planet 1 RIO+20
  4. 4. Roads to Rio and points beyond Catherine Skopic If one calls where we are now Point A – ‘living outside Neither Mother Earth, nor our economies are doing very planetary boundaries’ – we have to get to Point B – well; and there are increasing numbers of people living in ‘living within Planetary Boundaries’. There are many poverty. Our oceans, land, water, air are crying out for relief. different routes to Point B. Some of us have a long way We need a new model - could putting Mother Earth first and to travel, being very far away, greatly exceeding planetary letting all else flow from this point be that new paradigm? boundaries; and some of us are already close to Point B, living in proximity to planetary boundaries – and all of us Hopes for the success of Rio+20 are high as we plan, need to live within the context of happiness and wellbeing. meet and seek to enable the continuance of life on this planet – a quality of life that meets the needs of all As we make this journey, we also have the responsibility people, plants, animals, and ecosystems. of considering future generations. We have been taking from them, is it now time to put back? At the very least, Most important is the realisation that the road back efficiency and recycling of all materials and resources are home is ultimately the same for all of us; for we are no longer choices but necessities. all living on this one earth, this one planet as one people, one family. Rio+20 is both the continuation and . beginning of our work - our beginning and continuance for life, for all ‘points beyond Sustainable Development Dialogues 16 Jun 2012 - 19 Jun 2012 5. Forests; Rio de Janeiro 6. Food and nutrition security; The Government of Brazil is organising, with the support 7. Sustainable energy for all; of the United Nations, the Sustainable Development Dialogues, a forum for civil society, to be held in Riocentro, 8. Water; between 16-19 June, in the context of the United Nations 9. Sustainable cities and innovation; and Conference on Sustainable Development - Rio+20. 10. Oceans. In the four days prior to the High Level Segment, top representatives from civil society, including the private The debates will be broadcast live through the UN website. sector, NGOs, the scientific community, among other Major Groups, will convene at the same venue as the Rio+20 With the support of the United Nations Development Conference. They are expected to engage in an open and Program (UNDP), the Dialogues initiative is being launched action-oriented debate on key topics relating to sustainable through a digital platform, in order to provide the wider development. There will be no participation by governments public with a democratic space for discussion. The online or UN agencies. The recommendations emanating from the debates on each of the ten themes of the Dialogues will Dialogues will be conveyed directly to the Heads of State be facilitated by researchers from renowned academic and government delegations present at the Summit. institutions around the world. The platform is available in four languages (Portuguese, English, French and Spanish), Ten topics will be debated, based on their relevance to the with an in-built tool that allows the translation of specific furthering of sustainable development. posts into 40 languages. It also includes a voting system through which a set of recommendations will be chosen for 1. Sustainable development for fighting poverty; transmission to the participants of the Dialogues in Rio. 2. Sustainable development as an answer to the economic This innovative bridge between civil society, Heads and financial crises; of State and government is expected to contribute to 3. Unemployment, decent work and migrations; the incorporation and engagement of stakeholders, based on the understanding that public participation is 4. The economics of sustainable development, including sustainable patterns of production and consumption; . essential to the promotion of sustainable development as the paradigm for action2 MORE INFO www.riodialogues.org RIO+20
  5. 5. profile. Rachel Kyte How did you get the role you are in today and what the economic system. Rio can therefore really helpNationality: with the demystification of what more inclusiveBritish advice would you give to aspiring earth champions? and greener growth means. The pathway to 20 years ago I started my career in civil society and sustainable development differs for every country,Country of residence: youth politics in Europe, working on environmental however, there are things that each nation can doUSA issues which brought young people together. I straight after Rio to make their economy greener(Washington D.C.) therefore became heavily involved in the first Earth and more inclusive. But, for us to make different Summit and from there went on to run WEDO, decisions, or make decisions differently, we need anCurrent Position: working on women’s health, human rights and alternative data-set on the table for all governmentVice President environment issues. I then decided I wanted to try departments to base policies upon. We thereforeof Sustainable and change things from the inside and went on to encourage as many countries as possible to use RioDevelopment, work for a big international NGO (IUCN), which had as an opportunity to commit to start using naturalWorld Bank status and was part of key conversations. I was then capital accounts alongside GDP . recruited by the World Bank as an ombudsperson to mediate disputes where private sector investments What’s the World Bank’s vision for sustainable had led to conflict with local communities. And it was from there that I moved to the management development over the next 20 years side of operations at the organisation. Economic growth can become much more efficient and supportive of the ecosystems that we depend Some sound advice I was given when I was younger, upon. We need markets that value ecosystem was when you are faced with a fork in the road and services, enabling the generation of resources to have to make a decision, you should always follow allow countries to invest in the things they need your heart and make the courageous choice. to grow greener and more inclusively. We will not be able to be sustainable if inequity continues to How can more finance be leveraged for the rise within countries, even if equity is increasing between countries. We already know a lot of implementation of sustainable development at the what we need to do. We need to attack each bad national level? subsidy and inefficiency systematically, country by Compared to 20 years ago, we now have domestic country. It’s essential to take action now. Time is capital markets in the majority of countries. Even not on our side. Climate change is an accelerant, the poorest nations have banks which can invest in making everything more difficult to do, and so the microfinance. It is no longer a case for countries or future of development is building the resilience of communities to rely on financial support from donors natural systems, countries, cities and communities. in order to develop and grow. In fact, today most Therefore as a development institution, everything investment flows are actually South-South in direction. we do now is about resilience and adaptation. When you look at all the potential sources of finance available, money isn’t actually the problem, rather it Call to action is ensuring that it is invested in the right things and in Even if global consensus is illusive, it doesn’t stop the right way. This of course includes subsidies which those who want to move ahead from doing so. are limiting our ability to grow in a greener way. Coalitions of the willing can and do work. It is this kind of leadership which is vital both at Rio and What do you believe should be achieved at Rio+20? after Rio. We need to inspire the new generation of people that don’t remember the first Summit, and . Sustainable development is as relevant today show that collective action from likeminded actors as when it was first coined. The dilemma is that can produce results and move us forward we’ve made real progress in some areas but not in others, and the achievements we have made are now imperilled by the lack of sustainability in 3 RIO+20
  6. 6. Rio+20 must address global economic governance IBON International As many of you know, during the previous Trade Organisation’s (WTO) dispute panel. On the other hand, under the same unfair agreements, governments round of informal informals, civil can also be sued by the big multinational corporations if society was alarmed at the proposals they feel that their profits are adversely affected by new laws or regulations, including environmental standards. of certain states to delete, weaken or bracket references to rights, equity Unfair intellectual property rights regimes built into the and important Rio principles, which WTO and other so-called free trade agreements (FTAs) also prevent rapid adoption, dissemination, and further are also grounded on human rights. innovation of new technologies and production methods, We initiated an open letter to the UN including low-carbon alternatives in developing countries. Secretary General and member states, Clearly, reforms are needed in the area of international signed by over a thousand organisations trade, finance and investments, if countries are to fulfill their human rights obligations to their citizens, and address from over 100 countries and territories, the global challenge of sustainable development. Yet, this expressing our alarm and calling on them dimension of international cooperation is being banished from the Rio negotiations. For instance, developed countries to reaffirm and strengthen rights and (or at least some of them) are striking out language calling Rio principles and be accountable for for reform of the global financial system [paras 13 sext, pre 25, 54 bis]. Or language stressing the development their implementation. mandate of the Doha Round of WTO negotiations [para 65 bis]; or underscoring the need for special and differential We are therefore glad to hear that some member states treatment for developing countries [para 124]; or calling for have expressed support for the rights agenda in Rio+20. transfer of technology [para 125]. We would, however, like to underscore one dimension of the rights-based approach to sustainable development. We are also concerned with inconsistencies in some That is the international dimension, or collective developed countries which, on the one hand, champion responsibility of the community of nations, to create human rights – but on the other earnestly support enabling conditions for the fulfillment of human rights, mechanisms that uphold carbon markets, enclosures of including the right to development. commons, and lead to displacement especially of indigenous communities and local communities. This is a perversion of By this, we don’t just mean the provision of official the Polluter Pays Principle – and allows developed countries development assistance (ODA) from the North to the South. a convenient excuse to evade their historical responsibility Even if developed countries did provide 0.7% of their GDP for the overexploitation of the environment. as aid, it would not make a dent in poverty eradication and the shift to sustainable development pathways, without Developed countries also appear consistently opposed to major reforms in the international financial architecture references to the right to development - despite it being and multilateral and bilateral trade rules. endorsed by the General Assembly in the 1986 Declaration on Right to Development, the 1992 Rio Declaration as Financial speculation is a major factor behind commodity Principle 3, and in numerous other political declarations. price volatility, furthermore, the hike in food prices impacts the right to food of the vast majority. Indeed, it We call on governments to support the right to is devastating the lives of small rural producers and low development and in so doing, support proposals for income households in urban areas today. Moreover, much reforming international finance and trade to uphold needed financial resources for building ‘green’ productive commitment to human rights, freedom and genuine capacities, generating ‘green’ decent jobs, and ensuring sustainable development. We need you to ensure that universal social protection, are being wasted in speculative references to human rights are not only kept in the Rio+20 trading of financial assets, inflating asset bubbles and Outcome Document, but also reinforced by participatory causing financial convulsions in the global economy. monitoring and accountability mechanisms. Unfair trade rules, including agricultural subsidies in the Twenty years after the Rio 1992 Earth Summit, surely we North, continue to wipe out small agricultural producers should expect more, nothing less! from developing countries. Developing countries who try to nurture their domestic industries for, say wind power and Remarks made at the side event, “Right at Rio+20: A other renewable energy sources, are hauled to the World Rights-based Framework for Sustainable Development” (UN Headquarters, New York, April 27, 2012).4 RIO+20
  7. 7. Right to water affirmed, but social rights and André Abreu Rio Principles still under threat International Policy Advisor, France Libertés Foundation A few weeks ago, civil society groups European Union, Israel and Australia, which had asked for deletion and bracketing in the last session, abstained involved in Rio+20, shared their deep this time from the demand for deletion of the right to concern about the threat against water, even after Canada’s intervention asking to delete the entire paragraph. Norway has maintained its position human and social rights in the draft supporting rights and requested for entire paragraph to text for Rio, as well as the risk be retained. Finally, the G77 gave a strong defense of the to important collective principles right to water, asking for the paragraph to be divided into two parts, in order to give greater weight to the first part established in 1992 at the first on rights. According to the representative of the G77, "The Earth Summit. During the negotiations right to water cannot be placed in the same level with the issues of management and investment." in March, we watched with surprise and disappointment, a group of a The networks and institutions who worked for years for the right to water to be finally recognised in the UN General few member states on an offensive to Assembly in July 2010, support the position advocated by bracket and delete any reference to the G77, Switzerland and Norway in this process, and will not accept a setback at Rio+20 on this principle. After this human rights, including the right to week, we are confident the Canada is now isolated and will water, in the draft text. Since then, have to accept the paragraph 67 and the affirmation of the right to water. several NGOs, human rights experts, unions and social movements, have Aside from water, it is important to note that there are mobilised to denounce the attack on positive developments and new processes being opened in the negotiations in areas such as renewable energy, rights and principles. food security, oceans, as well as the proposal for a Social Protection Floor. However, we see clearly that in the contextpic: water.org of the green economy, some proposed market-based mechanisms are a clear offensive on the financial markets towards the commodification of natural resources. This more broadly represents a step backwards for some acquired social rights, and the so called Rio principles. We know that this victory for the right to water is certainly still partial, but it stands as an example of the power of civil society influence on Rio+20 process. We now need to expand and enhance the debate on where and how member states are captured by economic interests in regards to human rights. We also need to intensify the ‘red lines’ that we believe are important to human rights and other collective principles, such as the Precautionary Principle; the Polluter Pays Principle; and the Principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities. Rights and principles already established that are being ignored or In the last two weeks, these networks and civil society bracketed in the negotiation process. organisations have mobilised once again, proposing meetings and side events on what we called ‘rights at For all these reasons, we believe there is a vital need for risk’. Finally, this week, an important victory has been better communication on these issues to the wider global won in the chapter on water, with most of the countries civil society. The Facilitating Committee of Civil Society that originally opposed the right to water in paragraph has been promoting meetings and activities to increase 67 – with the exception of Canada, which again requested social participation in the process, and we hope that the its deletion – stepping back. In the session on April 26th, Peoples Summit for Social and Environmental Justice, when the water chapter was negotiated, Switzerland was (15th -22nd June at Flamengo Park), will be an important the first country to speak, stressing "the importance of right to water as essential in the text". The United States, . space for this public debate. Freedom of information is only weakened if not used 5 RIO+20
  8. 8. Major Group interviews on the Rio+20 Process In the run up to the Earth Summit in June, the Major Groups These interviews were led by Christian Egge, Project have been invited to fill out a questionnaire on the Rio+20 manager Rio2012, Norwegian Forum for Development process, the responses from four of the groups can be seen and Environment. If you are a Major Group representative below, with more to follow online (www.stakeholderforum.org/ that has not yet participated in the questionnaire and sf/outreach). Questions were focused on the development of is interested in doing so, please contact Christian: a green economy in the context of sustainable development christian.egge@forumfor.no and poverty eradication, looking at the inequity within and between countries, and the overexploitation of natural resources and the destruction of the environment. ANSWERS BY IVANA SAVIC, REPRESENTATIVE OF CHILDREN AND YOUTH: A1: There is huge inequality in resources and power at the B1: Will agreements reached at Rio+20 lead to a worldwide global level, as well as within countries. How do you think this transformation of the economy, a ‘greening’ that brings us to influences country efforts to attain sustainable development? practices that keep us within the planetary boundaries? What must happen at Rio+20 for this to occur? The extremes of wealth and poverty are one of the greatest causes of social and economic unrest, significantly It is uncertain whether countries will reach an agreement. influencing the ability of countries to attain sustainable In the current negotiations, governments are viewed as development goals. A relatively small percentage (20%) being noncommittal and the Zero Draft negotiating text is of the population is wealthy, while the majority lives in being criticised for its diminishing prescriptive language. dire poverty. This imbalance exists both within nations Some believe that there is a systematic attempt from and between nations. In addition, the gap that separates powerful states to ‘delete our rights and bracket our rich and poor continues to widen, which indicates that future’. One way to overcome this is to present a stronger existing economic systems are incapable of restoring a civil society movement. Social movements have the ability just balance. These systems are predominantly based to effect great change; they can lobby governments to on a materialistic paradigm for development; that is, we become more proactive in their approach to sustainable measure development by material progress. We have seen development, and they can build the capacity of local that in reality this does not bring happiness, or an end communities to take charge of their own futures. We need to the social issues that keep societies from flourishing. to focus our efforts on building this united civil society The challenge for countries is to adopt a more holistic movement to ensure that the outcomes of Rio are positive. approach to their development, one that both reduces the gap between the wealthy and the poor, and reflects a B2: If Rio+20 fails, which other arenas could change deeper understanding of human well-being. be promoted in bringing the planet towards a more sustainable future? A2: Can the Rio outcome contribute to the establishment of a process that eventually will lead to a real change of this Rio+20 is more than just a negotiating table for sustainable imbalance – which means a real implementation of what was to development policy, it is a global platform for people to share a great extent decided upon already in 1992, in the MDG etc.? ideas, network, and build a movement towards sustainability. If so: What must happen at Rio+20? In this way, Rio+20 cannot fail, because it is empowering If not: What must happen in other arenas? civil society to engage more proactively in sustainable What are the alternatives if Rio+20 fails? development processes. Civil society can influence change Rio has the potential to bring about change and contribute to the creation of social and environmental balance in the component of post-Rio+20 implementation . both at global and local levels and this will be an important world. However, the degree to which this is achieved is pic: CIFOR two-fold. First, governments need to demonstrate their commitment to achieve a more holistic understanding of human development and wellbeing. Second, there needs to be a strong civil society movement that demonstrates their vision of a sustainable world, thus influencing the decision makers and gaining global societal support.6 RIO+20
  9. 9. ANSWERS BY ANABELLA ROSEMBERG, ITUC, REPRESENTATIVE OF TRADE UNIONS:A1: There is huge inequality in resources and power at the employment benefit, as well as access to healthglobal level, as well as within countries. How do you think this services), will ensure wealth redistributioninfluences country efforts to attain sustainable development? mechanisms are in place to give the poorest a sustainable way out of poverty.Inequalities within countries, as well as the widening globalimbalances between countries, are a major barrier for • A decent work objective, to be fulfilled in partachieving sustainability. This is the case because of three through the creation of jobs in sectors that reducereasons: the natural resources are depleted for the benefit the impact of production on the environment. Thisof a few privileged people globally, who do not hesitate to contributes to reducing income gaps – as decentexploit them, and do not see any reason for supporting work provides good income and working conditionssustainable development; the rules designed to maintain as well as respect for labour standards.this situation (i.e. WTO) contribute to deepening a model • A tax on financial transactions, to generatethat further exacerbates these inequalities; the governing revenues for funding sustainable development,concept should ensure wealth –material and natural – is while at the same time reducing speculation, whichdistributed in a fair manner between and within generations, has harmed the capacity of countries to follow ais sidelined for ensuring the run towards the lowest common different development pathway.denominator in terms of standards for the environment andlabour, as the only way forward for development. The potnetial for failure must not be the only reason for looking at alternatives. Historically, governments are onlyA2: Can the Rio outcome contribute to the establishment one of the means by which citizens express themselves.of a process that eventually will lead to a real change of this I’m convinced that Rio+20 must become a major momentimbalance – which means a real implementation of what was to for governments as much as for social movements. Anda great extent decided upon already in 1992, in the MDG etc.? this is important not only in order to put pressure on If so: What must happen at Rio+20? governments, but also to create a space where movements If not: What must happen in other arenas? with different proposals about the society we want to build, What are the alternatives if Rio+20 fails? can come together and start building the alternative, far beyond the limits imposed by the negotiations. In thisThe assessment of the contribution that the United sense, the People’s Summit, in which unions are also veryNations system brings to solving ‘real’ problems depends much involved, has a key role to play.on the value given to the multilateral system anddemocratic decision making at the international level. B1: Will agreements reached at Rio+20 lead to a worldwideIn my case, I tend to believe that standards, principles transformation of the economy, a ‘greening’ that brings us toand initiatives agreed at the international level carry practices that keep us within the planetary boundaries? Whatmuch more strength than unilateral approaches. This is must happen at Rio+20 for this to occur?why I think Rio+20 can contribute, if not to changing thesystem, at least to making steps in the right direction. I think there is an artificial barrier put here betweenFrom the labour movement, three of our key proposals are issues related to inequality and issues related to planetaryaimed at addressing the issue of inequalities and natural boundaries. These two are closely interconnected, andresource scarcity on a pragmatic and ambitious manner: my answers to the first series (that UN can contribute by establishing principles, initiatives, etc) are still valid here . • a social protection floor for all, (which will secure – and actually our proposals aim at addressing these two maternity and children protection, pensions for big challenges together and stop working in silos the elderly and the disabled and unemployment/Recipe for success at Rio + 20 Nathalie Rey, GreenpeaceTake one small planet • Sieve subsidies - removing harmful ones • Add a Rio outcome containing new commitments; • Add a large pinch of political will recycling old ones is not sufficient • Season with sustainable agriculture (free from GE, • Using a new high seas biodiversity agreement, chemical fertilizers and pesticides) ensure benefits from marine genetic resources • Using 100% renewable energy, allow global fish are divided fairly stocks to rise • Take existing economies, remove rotten sections • Sprinkle large amounts of new financial leaving only green parts resources and • Mix in ancient forests (not chopped) • Decorate with strong Sustainable Development Goals • Add fresh, clean drinking water Let [the planet] cool • Whisk in a global network of protected areas & Serves: 6-7 billion marine reserves covering 40% of the blue surface 7 RIO+20
  10. 10. Major Group interviews on the Rio+20 Process (cont.) ANSWERS BY LEIDA RIJNHOUT, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, ANPED, REPRESENTATIVE OF NGO’S A1: There is huge inequality in resources and power at the global level, as well as within countries. How do you think this influences country efforts to attain sustainable development? First of all, I oppose strongly to the concept of the ‘pillar’ approach, because that gives the false idea that growth is unlimited and that you only have to have the three pillars in balance to obtain sustainable development. Planetary and societal boundaries are not integrated in this approach, and therefore neither is the redistribution (equity). The need for redistribution is not present in this approach because the increasing economic growth is intended to be invested in the social and environmental pillar (trickle down effect), which we all know does simply not happen. New Economic Foundation (nef) published the report ‘Growth isn’t working’, which shows this phenomenon with fact pic: Salim Al-Harthy and data. For a $1 poverty reduction, an increase in GDP For the moment, political will and leadership are the growth of $166 is needed, which is so huge that you would most important. need more than two planets to achieve it. This strategy is therefore environmentally and economically impossible. B1: Will agreements reached at Rio+20 lead to a worldwide transformation of the economy, a ‘greening’ that brings us to Besides that: in our current economic system, we are facing practices that keep us within the planetary boundaries? What material and financial flows from South to North, and often must happen at Rio+20 for this to occur? from poorer groups to rich people. Accumulation of wealth is still the common practice. Putting an end to this is the As far as the negotiations go for the moment, it will be only way to have a positive effect on global inequality. very difficult to reach any strong outcomes. There is still disparity between countries on how to implement To obtain real results on sustainable development, we also the green economy concept, but also still resistance for need to tackle the power relations in the world. The people the green economy concept itself. Furthermore, there is in political and financial power are not always those who a feeling that the financial crisis, for most countries, is have interest in changing current systems. Governments more important than saving the Planet, both for current and governance in general is quite weak, compared with and future generations. Country interests are dominating the power that multi-national corporations and financial discussions on our common future. It is amazing how institutions have. In order to achieve fair and just rules short-sighted governments can be. It is also a pity that we in the context of justice and equality, you need strong first have to hit the wall very hard before we wake up and (national and international) governance. do something. Most of us do not want to wait for a total collapse, but to avoid that we need action now. A2: Can the Rio outcome contribute to the establishment B2: If Rio+20 fails, which other arenas could change of a process that eventually will lead to a real change of this be promoted in bringing the planet towards a more imbalance – which means a real implementation of what was to sustainable future? a great extent decided upon already in 1992, in the MDG etc.? If so: What must happen at Rio+20? One of the arenas we, NGOs, and other stakeholders, If not: What must happen in other arenas? need to stress is the legal sector. There are already some What are the alternatives if Rio+20 fails? laws in place for achieving environmental justice. However, not everyone is aware of this, or is able to make use of For real implementation and change we need clear roadmaps for a green economy, with targets and timetables, and/or clear Sustainable Development Goals with a sustainable environmental law, which is hopeful . them. There are already some campaigns focusing on development strategy behind them (not a business as usual, as is the case for the MDGs), legal frameworks, and agreements that are measurable and accountable.8 RIO+20
  11. 11. Major Group interviews on the Rio+20 Process (cont.)ANSWERS BY JOJI CARINO, REPRESENTATIVE OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES:A1: There is huge inequality in resources and power at the If not: What must happen in other arenas?global level, as well as within countries. How do you think this What are the alternatives if Rio+20 fails?influences country efforts to attain sustainable development? Indigenous peoples and local communities, transition towns, innovative economic initiatives must continue toSome countries are acknowledging deep inequality as a strengthen their initiatives in local, sub-national spaces.systemic problem of sustainable development, while othersare denying/ blocking action on this systemic problem. B1: Will agreements reached at Rio+20 lead to a worldwide transformation of the economy, a ‘greening’ that brings us toA2: Can the Rio outcome contribute to the establishment practices that keep us within the planetary boundaries? Whatof a process that eventually will lead to a real change of this must happen at Rio+20 for this to occur?imbalance – which means a real implementation of what was toa great extent decided upon already in 1992, in the MDG etc.? Rio+20 must compel all countries to take the strongest possible national action to keep within planetaryThe 1992 outcomes did not adequately deal with boundaries. What can be agreed globally is uncertain,the economic ‘growth’ dimensions of sustainable and in the end, actions at a national level will be crucial,development, concerning itself more with the linkages including the control and regulation of the extraterritorialbetween environment and development. This is also not activity of corporations.adequately dealt with in the MDGs. The debate on a greeneconomy needs to be opened up to deal with economic B2: If Rio+20 fails, which other arenas could changediversity, and the reality of ‘green economies’, including be promoted in bringing the planet towards a morediverse local economies. Efforts to build counter-economic sustainable future?power, and support poor economies, are important tobreak the stranglehold of the industrial economy. Ecosystem-based approaches to addressing globalIf so: What must happen at Rio+20?A strong commitment to promote and protect diverse relevant levels to address ecosystem problems . challenges demand action to be devolved to the lowestlocal economies must be secured at Rio.Ten themes for the Rio+20 sandwich days (16th-19th June 2012)Day one (Saturday 16th June) Day three (Monday 18th June)1. Sustainable development in the fight against poverty 7. Energy for all2. Sustainable development as an answer to the economic 8. Water crises 9. Cities and innovation3. Sustainable development, employment and migration Day Four (Tuesday 19th June, morning only)Day two (Sunday 17th June) 10. OceansOverarching theme: The economics of sustainable development4. Forest5. Food6. Nutrition and food security 9 RIO+20
  12. 12. Moving from the ‘future we can achieve’ Sébastien Duyck and Alice Vincent to the ‘future we want’ By choosing the title "the future we want", the UN has challenged us to avoid making the mistakes of the past and to rather think outside of the box to bring real solutions to the negotiating table. So far, it seems that too few have registered this pic: Ars Electronica challenge. With 47 days to go until Rio+20, we call on young people to drop As we prepare for Rio+20, the idea to adopt a new the façade of pragmatism and ignore framework of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has gained unparalleled momentum. These SDGs would calls to be more ‘realistic’, for it provide a follow up to the Millennium Development Goals, is having the guts to keep calling for but broaden the scope of the framework to better integrate the environmental, social and economic dimensions of more ambitious change that will move sustainable development. While this approach can perhaps us towards a brighter future. Being help governments identify and move towards what they perceive to be realistic objectives in the mid-term, it is very pragmatic means making the best of the difficult to see how any of these targets resonate with the status quo, even if we don’t like it. vision that young people have for the future of their planet. For example, when Member States agree to halve the rate But, as we know, the status quo is of the loss of natural habitat in the coming decade, this precisely what we need to change! means to consider it acceptable for our children to never be able to admire or benefit from the existence of the We believe the future we want comes down most crucially species which don’t make that 50% cut. How have we come to reforming our governance structures. Governance is to the point where we morally justify these choices by our the way we arrive at decisions in our societies at all levels. incapacity to create political institutions that can make It boils down to a few questions: Who is empowered to decisions with a long-term vision? It might be the ‘future we make decisions? How, and to what extent, can other can achieve’ in the current political context, but it for sure stakeholders make their voices heard? And how are these isn’t the ‘future we want’. players held accountable? Unless we truly challenge the way decisions are being If we have good governance and responsible and made, and ensure that not just the interests of a powerful transparent decision-making processes, there is a much minority are taken into consideration, we are failing to greater probability that we will arrive at sustainable, address the root problems underlying any environmental, representative decisions and policies. This is pertinent social and economic crises. But here’s the good news: all to youth, as every policy decision has consequences, and we need to make the necessary reforms is political will. children and future generations that will inherit these consequences. We’ve already reached – and in some Rio+20 hopes to renew political commitment for cases exceeded - our planet’s carrying capacity, therefore sustainable development, however this won’t happen we need to ensure that decisions made today begin to unless we demand things that inspire! These bold remedy the rampant social, economic and environmental proposals can be put in a palatable package and written injustices that we are currently responsible for. in summitry language, but please do not shy away from bold, courageous and visionary principles! A week is a The other main theme of Rio+20 addresses the transition long time in politics. 49 days is an eternity in social- to a green and fair economy. Greening our economies could media. We can still make a lot of noise in these crucial include, phasing out fossil fuel subsidies and redirecting last 2 months before Rio+20, putting pressure on political public funding to where it is most needed. Even if we leaders, both in our capitals and around the negotiating succeed in this objective, we would still only be remedying mistakes of the past. We need to go beyond this. The most influential voices are likely to remain the same, and money forward to, so lets do it!. tables. The future needs to be something we can look is likely to flow into the same pockets, unless the correct political institutions are in place to shape our behaviour, and governments and corporations’ notions of right and wrong.10 RIO+20
  13. 13. New York youth seek to influence UN NegotiationsNY+20 Launches a Global Campaign on Sustainable DevelopmentAs part of the global “MyCity+20” movement, NY+20 • Sustainable Development Education: Incorporatebrought together more than 100 young men and women to sustainable development into education and training,engage with policy experts and UN representatives and to and improve access for marginalised youth.discuss key youth-based issues playing out in the Rio+20negotiation process. The all-day event included talks fromH.E. Dr. Josephine Ojiambo, Kenyan Ambassador to the Ombudsperson for Future GenerationsUN, Mr. John Matuszak from the U.S. State Department, We envision accountable guardians for future generations,and Mr. Brice Lalonde, Executive Coordinator for Rio+20. at all levels of governance, which have a comprehensive mandate to engage and enlighten the present citizenryAs a result of the full day of discussions, participants about the needs and rights of future generations.developed a NY+20 Youth Statement which was delivered • Recognize Authority: Re-incorporate theto negotiators and delegates in a side event held last Ombudsperson or High Commissioner for FutureFriday (27th April). Generations language in to the negotiating text;NY+20 draft statement to world leaders: • Transparent & Democratic: Establish such aA Youth Vision for Sustainable Development position with a system of checks and balances, potentially through a Council for Future Generations;in the Context of Rio+20We the participants of NY+20, representing a diverse group • Paradigm Shift: Foster a culture of long-termof youth, came together in New York City on 27 April 2012 thinking in the practices and institutional structuresas part of the MyCity+20 global youth initiative to assert of non-state organizations and civil society.our shared commitment to a healthy and sustainableworld. We seek to draw on our ‘creativity, ideals, andcourage’ to engage youth in the UN processes that impact Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)our future. At NY+20 we established four critical areas for We envision a set of Sustainable Development Goals thataction ahead of Rio+20, and we now call for world leaders promote and protect the economic, environmental, andto implement the following commitments: social well-being of present and future generations. • Assessment of Happiness: Measure well-beingInternational Environmental Governance through inclusion of happiness metrics, as proposedWe envision the creation of a United Nations Environment by the Gross National Happiness Index;Organization that will serve as the primary coordinating bodyfor environmental issues at the UN and improve efficiency, • Well-being Metrics: Take steps towardtransparency and equitable participation of all stakeholders. establishing universal goals and indicators to measure overall well-being, as complementary to • Accountable Sovereignty: Establish national GDP and to build upon the progress of the MDGs; , sustainability commitments in a public registry, but also convene a global independent body with • Continue Dialogue: Implore leaders to launch a input from civil society, to make a second set of framework for the establishment of SDGs at Rio+20 commitment recommendations; that are responsive to the needs of youth. • Inclusive Representation: Advance youth representation in international governance through Youth Commitment We, the inheritors of this world, see Rio+20 not as an furthering awareness of opportunities for youth outcome but as the beginning of a long-term process participation in the UN, such as youth delegates on and movement for the future we want. We commit to official delegations; being ombudspersons in our own lives by educating our • Responsible Finance: Strengthen the stringency of communities on how to impact international dialogue on environmental and social impact assessment in project sustainable development. We pledge to work in partnership financing by working with financial institutions. . with youth around the world to advocate for policies and programs that ensure the future we needGreen JobsWe envision a more holistic integration of sustainability MORE INFOinto all professions and education systems to enable a NY+20 is a coalition of students groups and nonprofittransformation to the green economy. organizations including Columbia University’s Coalition for Sustainable Development, Yale School of Forestry • Equitable Growth: Adopt public policies that and Environmental Studies, EOTO World, Human Impacts create enabling environments for the private sector to Institute, SustainUS, Global Kids, Road to Rio, Peace Child, create accessible, decent and meaningful green jobs; Rio+20 Global Youth Music Contest, and IISD Reporting Service. www.newyorkplus20.wordpress.com; newyorkplus20@gmail. • Peaceful Livelihoods: Leverage green jobs as a strategy to demilitarise nations by providing com; www.mycityplus20.blogspot.com 11 alternative options and livelihoods for youth; RIO+20
  14. 14. A sense of possibility – delegates’ minds turn to Sue Riddlestone Chief Executive & co-founder, BioRegional post Rio delivery in New York The likely tangible outcomes But how are we going to measure impacts? The term natural capital has its critics, with some governments pointing out and post Rio+20 activities are that we cannot capture the real value of nature in prices. starting to emerge from the There was therefore a packed audience for our second side event on Tuesday, which explored taking natural capital into jumble of square brackets and account. Guri Sandborg, from the government of Norway, haze of wordsmithing here in New highlighted that many resources are currently invisible in our economy and we need to better manage our natural resource York. As we reach the final days base. The meeting’s chair, Farooq Ullah of Stakeholder Forum, of the negotiations, you can see emphasised that you can’t manage what you don’t measure. Glenn-Marie Lange of the World Bank, and Alessandra Alfieri delegates’ minds starting to of UN Statistics Division, presented the WAVES programme turn to implementation of the and the System of Environmental-Economic Accounts anticipated agreements, with the (SEEA). SEEA was called for in Agenda 21. Twenty years of thinking have gone in to developing this system and it obvious main outcome expected to shows. Ms Alfieri’s presentation clearly displayed how be the Sustainable Development such data could directly inform policy in numerous ways. Everyone could suddenly see just how useful the SEEA will Goals (SDGs). be. WAVES is a five year programme of the World Bank with a critical mass of countries and UN agencies who will be Governments and civil society gathered at the Beekman piloting the approach. It will bring an internationally agreed Hotel in New York on Monday for a working session, methodology and build capacity so that the approach can be organised by BioRegional, to think about the SDGs in widely adopted. Business and civil society are also taking the context of national implementation. Paula Caballero natural capital into account using the ecological footprint Gomez from the Government of Colombia, a leading player as part of the One Planet Living initiative. We are using it on the SDGs, pointed out that the SDGs would integrate to set goals, inform business decisions, and also measure the three pillars of sustainability and people’s needs. Ms progress. In addition, national ecological footprint accounts Caballero emphasised that the SDGs are an open proposal are produced annually by Global Footprint Network. and that there is no single implementation approach. But universal goals can be a common reference that we can As a delegate from Latin America aptly put it “we like all draw on, and a unique tool to assist governments with the SDGs because they can be defined, policy relevant, intra-ministerial planning. She also envisages that there evidence based and rigorous. This panel showed us how will be vertical linkages from the national to local level, we could somehow measure sustainable development. It and a need for cross-sectoral thinking and planning. gives us a sense of possibility”. Then we got the flip charts and post it notes out and used the ten one planet living principles as a proxy for the SDGs, to get delegates thinking about how they would be implemented at the national level. A consensus emerged amongst delegates that listing the SDG’s in a simple framework such as this could offer a strong way to communicate the SDGs – something essential for the engagement of wider society and their implementation. Echoing Ms Caballero’s points on the need for the framework to focus on implementation, we could really see the cross cutting nature of the potential Goals, such pic: UN Photo as those on energy, water and food. Increasing the coherence of policies addressing these issues remains MORE INFO complex but is long overdue. If got right, the SDGs BioRegional and One Planet Living could create a coordinating framework that may enable www.bioregional.com/oneplanetliivng freya.seath@bioregional.com a more holistic approach to the delivery of sustainable Global Footprint Network for national ecological footprint development than we had seen before. Our limited time www.footprintnetwork.org meant we were only able to scratch the surface, however System of Environmental Economic Accounts (SEEA) it did get everyone thinking. seea@un.org WAVES www.web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/ENVIRONMENT /0,,contentMDK:23056708~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSite PK:244381,00.html12 RIO+20
  15. 15. What happens on Monday? From Talk to WalkKirsty SchneebergerSenior Project Officer, Stakeholder ForumRiding on the wave of momentum generated from Summit, 22 June. We will bring together a diverse rangeConferences and Summits is something that we all aim for – of governmental and non-governmental stakeholders aliketo go home and set in motion all the plans that will support to engage in networking, information sharing and fundingthe outcomes and achieve the commitments made, and planning, in order to build capacity and expertise on howto set to task to create the future that they want. History to develop a post-Rio+20 work plan of implementation.shows us, however, that despite all best intentions, when Learning from examples of successful implementationone thousand flowers bloom, they do not always all survive. strategies and sharing plans for future efforts will beThere are myriad reasons for why this is so, and we know a focus of the conference; as will connecting thosemany of them: related to funding and financing; capacity stakeholders who will be doing the implementation workover time; shifting conditions (political, social, geological, with funders that are looking to support such initiatives.etc); developments of technologies – just to name a few. Projects and initiatives that are underway and which haveTo understand those factors that have limited success and already achieved success will be invited to present towhich might hamper future efforts, we must learn from the participants on the following key areas:past and look at new ways of collaborating and working toachieve the outcomes and commitments made this June. • citiesIf Rio+20 is to be the implementation conference that • oceansit is being dubbed, sincere and serious efforts must befocused on how implementation can and will be achieved. • green jobs and skills • freshwaterDuring the preparatory processes and the final days of • energyRio+20 itself, the longer-term focus on the bigger picturemight be compromised as deadlines focus the minds toconcentrate on the minutiae of the text and the narrowpicture of brackets and commas. There will be a need MORE INFO If you would like to find out more about What happensto create the space to look at life after Rio; to focus on on Monday? Or would like to submit your project to beimplementation and the actual work that will be done to considered to be featured as part of the conference,ensure the legacy of Rio+20 is a true and lasting success. please contact kirstys@stakeholderforum.org. Also follow www.To this end, Stakeholder Forum will convene the What earthsummit2012.org for updates and developments as wehappens on Monday? conference on the final day of the draw nearer to Rio+20.World Summit of Federated States and RegionsCo-organised by the State of Rio de Janeiro, nrg4SD, The Climate Group and Regions-United/FOGAR Tuesday 19 June | Athletes’ Park | State of Rio de JaneiroOn 19 June, just ahead of the Rio+20 Conference itself, The World Summit will launch a declaration of commitmentsthe State of Rio de Janeiro and the Network of Regional from subnational governments for the green economyGovernments for Sustainable Development (nrg4SD) are in the context of sustainable development and povertyconvening the World Summit of Federated States and eradication, under which signatories will commit to specificRegions in co-organisation with The Climate Group and targets and initiatives within the economic, environmentalRegions United - FOGAR and social dimensions of sustainable development..The World Summit will bring together subnational governments The World Summit and the declaration are open to anyfrom all around the Globe committed to sustainable Federated States, Regions, Provinces and other subnationaldevelopment, demonstrating how they are making sustainabledevelopment happen on the ground in close partnership withall other levels of government and the private sector. their respective territories . governments committed to sustainable development in MORE INFO www.nrg4sd.orgRio+20 Side Event Calendar Date Time Room Title Organisers 04 May 2012 1:15-2:45 3 Creating a sustainable economy: top down and bottom up Institute for Plenary Synthesis and Commons Action for the UN 1:15-2:45 7 UN-Water Report on Water Resources Management for Rio+20 Summit UN WATER, UNEP 13 RIO+20
  16. 16. Reflections on the negotiations - Thursday, 3rd MayJan-Gustav StrandenaesStakeholder ForumAn IFSD proposal recharges the negotiations And where is UNEP?The corridors leading to conference room 1 were alive with Another group had immersed itself in the UNEP proposal.discussions and delegates intently reading a two page document. Universal membership, strengthening the financial base, noThey were accentuating their arguments with body language, mandate change, respect for the integrity of the MEAs, givingdisplaying strength, showing defensive positions, reading, UNEP a direct role to deliver on the environmental pillar ofstudying, questioning, and looking behind the words for a subtle sustainable development, strengthen the science base – andmeaning. The veil of apparent lethargy had lifted from the election of the ED by all member states. “Does it have everythingnegotiations and been substituted with delegate passion: the long except calling it formally a specialized agency?” A delegate wasawaited proposal on IFSD from G77 had finally revealed itself. reading loud and musing to himself. Shhh, don’t mention that word, cautioned a colleague. Use that word and all hell breaksWhat did it say? Did it kill the idea of a Council? Were its proposals loose. A bespectacled delegate with a surprised mien kept askingenough to overburden ECOSOC and render it an inefficient body? delegates – “it says legitimate scientific assessment – can anyoneOr did the idea propel ECOSOC into its rightful position? tell me what ‘legitimate science’ is”? No answer was offered.The first paragraphs reaffirm the importance position and Can this be developed further?function of ECOSOC. Traditional UN start - so nothing new. Thenthe magic words – ‘we decide.’ But what? Had G77 gone as far as it could in meeting different opinions? This was not a council. It was no derisive proposal concerning IFSD. But it left a number of areas subject to discussions andMany questions and few answers speculation. Where in this equation is civil society? Council- “A high level intergovernmental forum, building on existing skeptic delegates had been asking the pro-council people if astructures of relevant UN bodies including CSD” read a delegate. council would guarantee high level and serious participation and decision-making. Now they asked the same of this. Many had“Building on”, said another delegate, “that is the same as killing hoped for a strong proposal integrating the financial dimensionCSD without replacing it with anything”. “A forum in UN speak into sustainable development. Others had hoped to see at leastis a substitute for a talk-shop”, claimed another. “But look” fragments of the social equity and rights based discussionsaid a third, “it will follow implementation on decisions by all reflected in the proposal. But maybe these issues would bemajor relevant summits, it is universal, and ensures system wide covered in the ensuing discussion, the one that would continueparticipation. Universal membership places it outside ECOSOC to Rio+20 and beyond?and in direct relationship with the GA with an action orientedagenda. That must count for something!” But if this process was to be kept alive and brought to a decision at the GA level, how could civil society and the major groupsHad G77 managed to unite all good proposals from all corners be brought into the discussion? Every politician and everyof the IFSD debate with this proposal? It certainly seemed to delegate and every body of the UN know that no decisions of thecater to all concerns. But this wasn’t a decision with a final intergovernmental system will be carried out in reality unless ‘we,result. This is a decision to open a process, and for a discussion the peoples’ are involved. The resolution gave no answer.to continue at the GA. “Same old, same old. It ‘s back to theGA committees” – a seasoned veteran delegate quibbled to the “I like this” said a charged delegate, heading for the mission, “Iinexperienced underlings. “Hey – we may be inexperienced, butcertainly not without commitment and engagement”, retortedan ‘inexperienced underling’. . may not agree with all, but now we have something to work with.” Well, let’s see where this will endOutreach is made possible by the support of