2. Tip #20. Model the acceptance of diversity: gender, size, skill The National Association for Sport and Physical level, race/ethnicity, etc. Education (NASPE) believes that an optimal sport experience requires caring and professionally trained coaches, eager athletes and supportive parents. Parents across the country send their children 10. Ensure that athletes and their parents understand to practices and events with the expectation that adult supervision will all league and team rules/policies and consequences.foster positive sport outcomes, as well as maximal learning and skill 11. Communicate your expectations clearly.development. Yet, horror stories persist about dramatic increases in winning- 12. Explain to your athletes and their parents that sport participation is aobsessed parents, sport injuries, over-specialization of young athletes and privilege and not a right, and that they must adhere to policies/rules and meetchildren quitting sports because they simply aren’t having fun anymore. team expectations.The purpose of this brochure, which is sponsored by Polar USA, is to 13. Enforce policies/rules consistently and fairly.introduce youth sport coaches to the fundamentals of good coaching and to 14. Create a sense of ownership for individual and team behavior among yourencourage their professional development so that every young athlete will athletes. have an optimal sport experience. 15. Provide athletes with responsibility and leadership opportunities. Adopt an Athlete-Centered Prioritize Team-Building Coaching Philosophy 16. Provide clear expectations about teamwork. 1. Accept children’s goals for playing — fun, friends, fitness, 17. Work together with athletes to set team and individual goals. participation and skill development — and put those goals first. 18. Teach athletes how to pursue their individual goals in the context of a 2. Understand that sport is only one of many enriching commitment to the team’s goals. activities in which children participate. 19. Use teachable moments to discuss real-life examples of positive and 3. Provide every athlete with an equal opportunity to develop negative teamwork. his/her skills and learn new ones. 20. Model the acceptance of diversity: gender, size, skill level, race/ethnicity, etc. 4. Develop a positive rapport with your athletes. 21. Recognize and publicly praise each athlete’s strengths. 5. Ask for and listen to your athletes’ thoughts and opinions. 22. Encourage athletes to support and praise one another. 6. Make good sportsmanship a 23. Use team meetings or other forms of team talk as opportunities for fundamental value for the team. athletes to voice their ideas, questions and concerns. 7. Help your athletes take away 24. Look for additional team-building opportunities outside of practice life experiences and lessons and competition. from sports. 25. Consider the pros and cons of various options for “formal” 8. Support your athletes in athlete recognition. being student-athletes. 26. Instill a sense of pride in your athletes about 9. Contribute positively to their contributions to the team. your athletes’ self-confidence. Set high standards and expectations.
3. Tip #33. Use technology during practice, such as video and heart rate monitors. Use Heart Rate Monitors as an Instruction Tool 38. Strap on heart rate monitors to get an objective measureUse Good Instruction Techniques of each athlete’s effort, intensity and fitness.27. Understand that instruction and motivation techniques are keys 39. Calculate your athletes’ average target heart rate zones by usingto your athletes’ developing skill, self-confidence and enjoyment. 220 minus their age to estimate their maximum heart rate.28. Set goals and plan instruction based on your athletes’ age and 40. Determine your athletes’ resting heart rates by having them lie on their backsdevelopmental and skill levels. in a quiet room with the lights off for five minutes, then record their heart rates.29. Develop a season plan, as well as a plan for each practice (Resting heart rates usually are lower for more fit athletes.)and competition. 41. Teach your athletes about heart rate recovery: the amount of time it takes for their heart rate to return to their near-resting rate. (Fit30. Use progressions, from simple to more complex, for learning and athletes usually have quicker recovery times.)practicing skills. 42. Empower your athletes to self-coach through31. Employ a variety of instruction strategies to meet the needs heart rate monitoring. For example, teach them thatof all athletes. if their heart rate is 90% or more of its maximum,32. Consider using small-group practice, such as stations and they should take a minute to recover beforesmall-sided games. continuing. 33. Use technology during practice, such as video and heart 43. Use heart rate monitors to reach your rate monitors. practice goals. For example, if the goal is cardio endurance, train athletes at the higher part of 34. Give positive feedback immediately before corrective feedback, their target zones for an extended period of time. follow any constructive criticism with positive reinforcement, and limit If the goal is speed, agility and power, be sure corrective feedback to one item at a time. that each athlete has adequate time for rest and 35. Manage athletes’ physical and mental fatigue during recovery between drills. practice and competition. 44. Look at heart rate data from several practices to 36. Understand each athlete’s motivation identify which athletes are over- or under-exerting for participating, and use a variety of themselves. For example, an athlete finishing motivation techniques. first in drills but working at only 60% maximum heart rate needs to be encouraged to work 37. Teach your athletes mental harder, while an athlete working at 90% to skills, such as concentration, 95% maximum heart rate needs to be given stress management and short periods of rest during drills. problem-solving. 45. Provide proper care of heart rate monitors by cleaning them regularly (e.g., wipe down transmitters after each use and wash straps on a regular basis) and storing them safely.
4. Prepare Well for Successful Serve as a Role Model Competition 61. Exemplify high standards and teach positive values, including responsible personal and social behavior. 46. Discuss the upcoming competition with your athletes, including goals, strategies and motivation. 62. Insist upon ethical conduct and teach good sportsmanship through your positive actions as a coach/leader. 47. Advise your athletes and their parents about pre-competition nutrition and sleep. 63. Treat your athletes and their parents and families with respect.48. Be prepared on game days with transportation, lineups, 64. Maintain composure and monitor your body language.equipment, warm-up drills and game strategies. 65. Let the officials officiate.49. Brief athletes and parents about showing respect for officials, coaches, 66. Win and lose graciously.athletes, opposing teams and other fans. 67. Shake hands with the officials and opposing team after the game.50. Provide guidance to parents about effective post-game discussion. Forexample, asking questions such as “What did you learn from today’s game?” 68. Serve as an advocate for drug-free sport participation and living.51. Supervise and explain what the athletes who are not competing should be doing. 69. Be neat, clean and professional in your appearance.52. Debrief with your athletes about game performance. 70. Demonstrate a physically active lifestyle.Develop Knowledge and Skillsto Be an Effective Coach53. Participate in all league coach meetings and training courses.54. Understand and follow all league and sport rules.55. Obtain first aid and CPR certification. Tip #60.56. Familiarize yourself with child growth and developmentas it pertains to the age group(s) you’re coaching. Find a mentor 57. Polish your knowledge of sport-specific skills, and/or be one. strategies and tactics. 58. Read articles and publications to keep you informed and up to date. 59. Learn from other coaches through observation and feedback. 60. Find a mentor and/or be one.
5. 84. Follow the league’s procedures for reporting serious injuries. Be Vigilant About Athlete 85. Allow athletes enough time to recover from injury Health and Safety before returning to play. 71. Provide adequate and appropriate supervision. 86. Confer with a medical professional when an athlete is returning after serious injury. 72. Check environmental conditions (e.g., temperature, humidity, surface of practice field) before practice and competition, and modify unsafe conditions 87. Teach and advocate good nutrition.and/or make adjustments. 88. Be sure that your athletes maintain safe levels of hydration.73. Reschedule practice or competition when athlete safety is in question. 89. Provide athletes with accurate information about74. Require athletes to wear protective gear that fits properly and is worn performance-enhancing drugs and supplements.correctly.75. Keep athletes’ emergency contact information with you at all times. Teach Parents How They Can76. Be prepared to implement an emergency action plan. Support Their Children and the Team77. Carry a cell phone to practices and competition in case of emergency. 90. Introduce yourself and your coaching philosophy to parents at the beginning of the season. 78. Be the last person to leave an event and make sure that everyone has a ride home. 91. Help parents understand the sport and their role in supporting their children. 79. Submit field and equipment maintenance requests to the league. 92. Provide guidance to parents about communicating with their children before and after practice and 80. Be knowledgeable about your athletes’ competition. medical conditions as they affect sport participation. 93. Keep parents well-informed throughout the season. (E-mail is quick and easy.) 81. Follow privacy regulations related to personal health information (Health 94. Assign a parent to coordinate Insurance Portability and Accountability the volunteer activities. Act, HIPAA). 82. Take all precautions to avoid injuries, Tip #78. including adequate warm-up before vigorous activity. 83. Develop the knowledge to Be the last person recognize injuries and provide to leave an event immediate and appropriate care. and make sure that everyone has a ride home.
6. Find more resources foryouth sport coaches atwww.naspeinfo.org95. Let parents know how and when they cancommunicate with you.96. Require parents to show respect to gameofficials and the other team. 101 Tips for Youth Sport Coaches97. Remind parents that this is their child’s $25 retail / $15 AAHPERD member discountsport experience. 2010 · 12 pp. · ISBN: 978-0-88314-955-3 Item #: 304-10500 Sold in packages of 50Enjoy the Sport Experience Bulk pricing is available for 200+ copies. Call 1-800-321-0789 for more information.98. Exhibit your love for the sport.99. Smile, laugh and cheer.100. Enjoy your athletes as young people. www.naspeinfo.org101. Celebrate individual and team successes! NASPE extends its appreciation to the District and Public Relations Committee members for contributing their tips to this brochure: Kathy Ermler, chair Sheri Beeler Mary Kennedy Jean Blaydes Madigan Randall Nichols Dan Persse