World Health Organisation. Fight against TB


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World Health Organisation. Fight against TB

  1. 1. Fight against Tuberculosis
  2. 2. Sources • 1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention • 2. World Health Organisation website • 3. United Nations in the Russian federation • 4. MNT Knowledge Center • 5. World Health Organisation The Global TB Programme • 6. Youtube
  3. 3. Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB primarily affects the lungs, but it can also affect organs in the central nervous system, lymphatic system, and circulatory system among others.
  4. 4. Who gets TB Tuberculosis is spread from person to person through the air. If an infected person coughs, sneezes, shouts, or spits, bacteria can enter the air and come into contact with uninfected people who breath the bacteria into their lungs.
  5. 5. People at a higher risk • Individuals who live with others who have active TB infections. • Poor or homeless people. • Young children. • Nursing home residents. • Alcoholics and intravenous drug users. • Patients with HIV/AIDS or other immune system problems.
  6. 6. World Health Organisation Against TB
  7. 7. DOTS (directly observed treatment, short-course) is the name given to the tuberculosis control strategy. According to WHO, “The most cost- effective way to stop the spread of TB in communities with a high incidence is by curing it. The best curative method for TB is known as DOTS.”
  8. 8. DOTS has five main components: • Government commitment • Case detection by sputum smear* microscopy. • Standardized treatment regimen • A regular, uninterrupted drug supply. • A standardized recording and reporting system that allows assessment of treatment results. *Sputum smear is a test to detect and identify bacteria that infect the lungs
  9. 9. Engaging hospitals to improve TB care and prevention In 2009, WHO initiated a project to help intensify TB case detection in Africa and Asia. A total of 86 hospitals covering a total population of 10 million were involved.
  10. 10. WHO Global Task Force on TB Impact Measurement The Task Force was established in June 2006 and includes experts in TB epidemiology, representatives from major technical and financial partners, and representatives from countries with a high burden of TB.
  11. 11. The goal of the Global Task Force on TB Impact Measurement • produce a widely-endorsed assessment of whether the 2015 targets for reductions in TB incidence, prevalence and mortality are achieved at global level • regularly report on progress towards these targets in the years leading up to 2015 • strengthen national capacity in monitoring and evaluation of TB control.
  12. 12. Public-Private Mix The Public Private Mix (PPM) Initiative was set up by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1995 to develop effective mechanisms and approaches to involve and link relevant public and private health care providers in the delivery of TB care and control services.
  13. 13. The Global Plan to Stop TB 2006-2015 Actions for Life was launched at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, in January 2006, following 18 months of consultation and research. WHO Stop TB staff were heavily involved in the Global Plan's development, and took part in a series of high profile launches.
  14. 14. The Childhood TB Subgroup The Childhood TB Subgroup of the Stop TB Partnership was established in 2003 to promote research, policy development the mobilization of human and financial resources to achieve the goal of decreased childhood TB mortality and morbidity.
  15. 15. “Stop TB in South Asia – zero death to zero infection” • National Tuberculosis Insitute, India • SAARC Tuberculosis Center, Nepal • Tuberculosis Research Center, India
  16. 16. WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region • providing regional leadership on matters critical to TB • promoting evidence-based policies, strategies and standards for TB prevention • monitoring the regional TB situation • contributing towards shaping the TB research agenda • facilitating and engaging in partnerships for TB action.
  17. 17. WHO Western Pacific Region • To promote universal and equitable access to quality TB diagnosis and treatment for all people; • To strengthen TB laboratory capacity; • To expand TB collaborative activities;
  18. 18. WHO against TB in European region WHO works with Member States in the European Region to improve the tuberculosis (TB) situation within individual countries.
  19. 19. World Health Organisation fight against TB in Russia
  20. 20. TB Control program in Russia includes the following activities: • Support in the revision and development of National strategies against Tuberculosis; • Support the activities of High Level Working Group on Tuberculosis in the Russian Federation.
  21. 21. The High Level Working Group (HLWG) on Tuberculosis was established by the WHO and the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation 1999.
  22. 22. • To discuss appearing problems in fighting against TB in the Russian Federation • Find ways to implement effective National strategies against Tuberculosis by utilizing the international experience. The aim of HLWG :
  23. 23. International Interagency Coordinating Committee It is a voluntary forum which gathers once a year to discuss the priorities of international collaboration, sums-up team-work which has been done and coordinates an activity plan in the Anti-Tuberculosis field.
  24. 24. WHO Pilot DOTS Plus projects Successful implementation of DOTS pilot projects made possible to start DOTS Plus projects on treatment of multidrug resistant TB in Orel, Ivanovo and Vladimir Oblasts. Novgorod Oblast and Republic of Chuvashia.
  25. 25. The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) activities are directed to: • improvement of early diagnostics and the effectiveness of TB treatment among vulnerable groups of population in civil sector; • improvement of early diagnostics and effectiveness of treatment of multi-drug resistant TB;
  26. 26. The GFATM activities are directed to: • improvement of early diagnostics and effectiveness of TB treatment in penitentiary sector; • strengthening cooperation with all TB control partners; • prophylaxis and treatment of TB among HIV infected persons.
  27. 27. World TB Day falling on March 24th each year, is designed to build public awareness that tuberculosis today remains an epidemic in much of the world, causing the deaths of nearly one-and-a-half million people each year
  28. 28. Thank you for attention