The Church in the Modern World


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Slides for talk given by Fr Slavin on Gaudium et Spes

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The Church in the Modern World

  1. 1. Please use the sheet of paper to prepare toupdate your parish statement with a tweet (limited to 140 characters)
  2. 2. • How much of it is new?
  3. 3. Second Vatican Council (1962 – 65) 16 Documents
  4. 4. Gaudium et Spes (The Church in the Modern World)• The final statement of Vatican 2 on 8.12.65• The only document not part of the original presentation on 11.10.62• Not to be confused with Lumen Gentium (the constitution of the Church) 21.11.64• The acceptance of 1789 (via facti: J Ratzinger)• How Vat 2 should be remembered. Or not.
  5. 5. The longest document, by far• Preface = paras 1 – 3• Introduction = 4 – 10• Part I Dogmatic Theology: The human condition = 12 – 45• Part II Practical Theology: Ethical issues 47 - 93
  6. 6. PrefaceThe hopes and fears of all the years…..line 2: especially of those who are poor orafflicted in any way…..having deeply studied the mystery of theChurch (Lumen Gentium) …..enters into dialoguewith the whole of humanity…..about differentproblems in the light of the Gospel.
  7. 7. IntroductionThe Church carries the responsibility of readingthe signs of the times…..of a real social andcultural transformation…..we cannot escape.The scientific mentality and technologicalprogress…..mass media…..emigration… thatyoung people have grown rebellious in theirdistress…it seems a matter of course to rejectGod and religion…..the modern dilemna….”man”feels himself divided.
  8. 8. Part I Dogma: the human condition. Natural values are good but corruptible, yet subject to conscience• Dignity of the human person (10 paras)• The Community of persons (9)• Human activity (6)• Role of Church (5)
  9. 9. Part I: section 1 Dignity of the human person: Imago DeiMission Statement Imago Dei Parish, Peoria, Ill.The importance of the problems raised by athiesm (19-21)
  10. 10. Part 1: section 2 The Common GoodUniversal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
  11. 11. Part 1: section 3• Human activity• Faith and science are not opposed
  12. 12. Part I: section 4• The Church as the People of God• True humanism: practising what we preach
  13. 13. Conclusion• G & S is a profound reflection of the whole human family in the light of the crucified and risen Christ. The whole People of God, led by the Spirit that fills the world, tries to discern in the longings it shares with all people of good will the true signs of the purpose of God.• Followed up by JP2’s reflection on human experience in Redemptor Hominis (1979) and Dives in Misericordia (1980)
  14. 14. Part II Pastoral: Current issues• Marriage and the Family (5 paras)• Culture and Society (9)• Economics (9)• Politics (3)• War and Peace (20)
  15. 15. Part II: Section 1• Marriage and the Family• Marriage is a sacrament for the transmission of human life
  16. 16. Part II: section 2• Culture• Everyone is entitled to benefit from mass communications
  17. 17. Part II: section 3• Economics• The Market permits luxury and misery to exist side by side
  18. 18. Part II: section 4• Politics• The principle of subsidiarity
  19. 19. Part II: section 5• War and Peace• Peace is not the absence of war, the primary cause of which is injustice.
  20. 20. • In the light of this would you simplify your parish mission tweet?• To what extent is this what we already believed but didn’t connect with the teaching of the church• Is action on behalf of justice a “constitutive” dimension of preaching the gospel? (1971 Synod of Bishops)