World Refugee Day 2007World Refugee Day 2007S.ArulananthamS.ArulananthamLibrarianLibrarianUniversity of JaffnaUniversity of Jaffna
LibraryUniversity of JaffnaLibraryUniversity of JaffnaSource: http://ashleycecil.com/paintings/Refugee%20Day%202007.jpgWorld Refugees Day
According to the 1951 RefugeeConvention, a refugee is a personwho is outside his /her country ofnationality or habitual residence ;has a well-founded fear ofpersecution because of his/hernationality, religion membershipof a particular social group orpolitical opinion; and is unable orunwilling to avail herself/himselfof the protection of that countryor to return there, for fear ofpersecution. (UNHCR, 1951 RefugeeConvention)Who is a refugee?Source: World Prout Assembly
IANSA, OXFAM, and Safer-World, Africas missing billions: International arms flow and cost of conflict, (IANSA: London, 2007) at 38.
Did you know…MSF. Conflict in Eastern DRC. 2008 [cited 2009 January 14]; Available from:http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/news/allcontent.cfm?id=167&ref=tag-sidebar.The war in DR Congo (Africa’sWorld War) has claimed over 5.4million lives mainly fueled by blooddiamonds and coltan (use in cellphones)? For example, in theprovince of North Kivu, sexualviolence has become the weaponof war as hundreds of women andgirls are sexually violated on aregular basis.Source: Allison Kilkenny, WorldpressDemocratic Republic of Congo
IS EDUCATION TRULY FOR ALL?Article 26 of the UniversalDeclaration of Human Rightsstates: [e]veryone [includingrefugees] has the right toeducation. Education shall be free[even during violent conflict], atleast in the elementary andfundamental stages. Elementaryeducation shall be compulsory [forall refugee children].Article 26 of the UniversalDeclaration of Human Rightsstates: [e]veryone [includingrefugees] has the right toeducation. Education shall be free[even during violent conflict], atleast in the elementary andfundamental stages. Elementaryeducation shall be compulsory [forall refugee children].Source: UNESCO, Education for All
Women Refugee Commission, Global survey on education in emergencies. (WomenRefugee Commission : New York., 2004 at 156.Global Survey on Education inEmergencies conducted on tenconflict areas showed that 27million children and youthaffected by armed conflictswere found not to have accessto formal education. Only 6 percent of all refugee studentswere enrolled in secondaryeducation with even feweropportunities available tointernally displaced youth.Overall, adolescent femaleshave the least access to formaleducation.Source: The Guardian, UKBUSH SCHOOL OF REFUGEES
DOES HEALTH EXIST FOR ALL?Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of HumanRights states that, “[e]veryone [includingrefugees] has the right to a standard of livingadequate for the health andwell-being of himself and his family,…motherhood and childhood [of refugees] areentitled to special care and assistance.
Major health concerns of refugees•Disability due to intentionaldecapitation and landmines;•Unwanted pregnancies andcomplicated child birth;•High prevalence of preventabledisease e.g., measles, malaria,cholera, and dysentery;•Mental illness and trauma resultingfrom rape and torture;•Incurable sexually transmitteddiseases (STD) such as HIV/AIDS;•Socio-cultural problems e.g., forcedmarriages, prostitution, enslavementand trafficking.Source: BBC, UKSri Lankan Refugees
Did you know…Traditional humanitarianemergencies responses(food, shelter, physicalhealth) usually lackstrategic plans to providelong-term [mental]health and education forrefugees.Source: The Guardian, UKDisplacing Refugees of Sri Lanka
“While every refugees story is differentand their anguish personal, they all shareA common thread of uncommon courage – thecourage not only to survive, butTo persevere and rebuild their shatteredLives.” Antonio Guterres, UNHCR High Commissioner, World Refugee Day, 2005
in Bosnia andin Bosnia andHerzegovinaHerzegovina
19 June 2007: Mr. James Lynch, UNHCR Representative19 June 2007: Mr. James Lynch, UNHCR Representativeand Mr. Safet Halilovic, Minister for Human Rights andand Mr. Safet Halilovic, Minister for Human Rights andRefugees held a joint Press Conference in SarajevoRefugees held a joint Press Conference in Sarajevo