• Do I recognize when there is an issue of inappropriate use oftechnology? Why or why not?• Have I considered the appropriateness of my actions? Why or why not?• Can I differentiate which of my actions are considered misuse or abuse?Why or why not?• Am I aware of the implications of my actions when using technology?Why or why not?
• Am I violating laws, policies, or moral codes by using technology in thisway? Why or why not?• Have I seen, read, or heard of similar situations? What was theoutcome?• Does Digital Citizenship provide direction for determining theappropriateness of my actions? How?
• Given the information available, have I made the best decision in thissituation? Why or why not?• How would others, who I respect, act in a similar situation?• Do the tenants of Digital Citizenship support my action in this situation?Why or why not?
• Am I satisfied with my decision? Why or why not?• Am I satisfied with the outcome of the situation? Why or why not?• Did my behavior have a positive or negative influence on others? Why?• Do I go back and evaluate how I used the technology and look forchanges that might be considered for the future? Why or why not?• Do I think about the nine areas of digital citizenship and see if there areimprovements that should be evaluated? Why or why not?
Digital LiteracyDigital EthicsDigital Citizenship By Sister Geralyn Schmidt, SCC
What is Digital Literacy? The functional skills of knowing about and using digital technology effectively The ability to analyze and evaluate digital information Knowing how to act sensibly, safely and appropriately online. • Understanding how, when, why and with whom to use technology
What is Digital Literacy? Teach and assess basic computer concepts and technicalskills so that people can use it in everyday life to develop new social and economic opportunities for themselves, their families, and their communities Microsoft
What is Digital Literacy? National Technology Plan Information literacy: the ability to identify, retrieve, evaluate, and use information for a variety of purposes Media literacy: the ability to consume and understand media, as well as communicate effectively using a variety of media types; Digital citizenship the ability to evaluate and use technologies appropriately, behave in socially acceptable ways within online develop a healthy understanding of issues surrounding online privacy and safety.
Digital Literacy All this requires a basic understanding of technologies themselves and the ability to make increasingly sound judgments about the use of technology in our daily lives. National Technology Plan
Focus Question Can you be literate in today’s society without having technology skills? What kind of skills are essential for today?
Digital literacy IS a necessity and NOT an option. It is a skill set needed by many in our society, not merely a select few. It cannot and must not be reserved only for the young, who apparently "have no fear" when it comes to technology. Both digital immigrants (the older generation) as well as digital natives must learn, practice, and continually strive to improve their digital literacy skills. If the Internet represents a digital frontier, we are its pioneers, and the challenges we will encounter on our "virtual trail drives" are likely to be numerous as well as unpredictable. We need to be prepared. Digital Literacy NOW! By Wesley A. Fryer, May 1, 2004
1. Google Tools Knowledge 2. Google Earth Knowledge 3. Wiki Knowledge 4. Blogging Knowledge 5. Spreadsheets Skills 6. Database Skills 7. Social Bookmarking Knowledge 8. Social Networking Knowledge 9. Web Resources in content area 10. Web Searching skills 11. Web2.0 Tools 12. Interactive White Board skills (SmartBoard and Promethean) 13. Website design and management skills 14. Presentation Tools 15. IM knowledge 16. Video and Podcasting 17. RSS feeds 18. Mobile and Handheld Computing 19. Virtual Worlds Collaboration & Communication Tools
Lets Discuss How, as educators do we meet the demand of an ever increasing amount of technical knowledge?
Let’s Discuss How do we know what is the RIGHT TOOL in which to teach an item?
Why do we need to be Literate? Participate in new kinds of learning Confidence does not mean competence Access information pertinent to information and services, employment, social inclusion and learning opportunities
Literacy Objectives Believe it or not? (Evaluating accuracy) Check it out! (Cross referencing sources of information) Dodgy downloads (Downloading safely and legally)
Digital Literacy -- Workforce Digital Literacy = economically secure (Wikipedia) Many jobs require working knowledge of computers/internet/cell and smart phones White collar jobs – high use of computers White collar jobs – analyze data
Digital Literacy -- Education Technical developments change education Research Knowing credible sources Plagiarism Libraries
Digital Literacy in Society Communication regarding social trends Stay in contact with others Timely exchange of information Prevents believing hoaxes, photo manipulations, email frauds, phishing
Information Literacy Ability to: Know what information is needed Understand how information is organized Identify the best sources Evaluate the sources Share the results
Why Information Literacy Important? Huge amounts of information Not all is created equal some is authoritative, current, reliable, but some is biased, out of date, misleading, false. The types of technology used to access, manipulate, and create information will likewise expand
Focus Question How to we TEACH students how to use information properly? How do we eliminate Informational Smog?
Media Literacy Education for media literacy often uses an inquiry-based pedagogic model that encourages people to ask questions about what they watch, hear, and read. Media literacy education provides tools to help people critically analyze messages, offers opportunities for learners to broaden their experience of media, and helps them develop creative skills in making their own media messages.
Media Literacy "Web 2.0 tools and ubiquitous access to the Internet on mobile devices have transformed the way we gather, understand, and create information and, ultimately, how we build knowledge. These dramatic changes have fundamentally altered how we work, play, and interact with each other, yet are not widely reflected in schools. Media Literacy sets out to remedy that by providing a clear and logical framework around which educators can build curriculum that systematically teaches the media literacy skills kids need to make sense of and thrive in tomorrow’s digital, interactive, global village." Frank Gallagher, Executive DirectorCable in the Classroom
Media Literacy Media refers to all electronic or digital means and print or artistic visuals used to transmit messages. Literacy is the ability to encode and decode symbols and to synthesize and analyze messages. Media literacy is the ability to encode and decode the symbols transmitted via media and the ability to synthesize, analyze and produce mediated messages. Media education is the study of media, including ‘hands on’ experiences and media production. Media literacy education is the educational field dedicated to teaching the skills associated with media literacy.
Focus Question How do we educate students with regards to Media Literacy? Why do you think this is important?
Digital Ethics Ethics and the Internet The virtue disposing people to protect and promote the common good is solidarity. It is not a feeling of “vague compassion or shallow distress” at other people's troubles, but “a firm and persevering determination to commit oneself to the common good; that is to say to the good of all and of each individual, because we are all really responsible for all”. Especially today solidarity has a clear, strong international dimension; it is correct to speak of, and obligatory to work for, the international common good
What is Digital Citizenship? Curriculum that teaches responsibilities of a member belong to a digital society Member of a society agrees to live and act according to norms “Laws” are created to protect people’s health, property and rights
Focus Questions What do you consider “modern technology”? How does an adult use technology?
Focus Question 2 How does a student use technology?
Learning Framework: Awareness Awareness is: Knowledge of Technology and how it affects others and myself Students need to role play situations where people use technology that annoys others What would be the appropriate response for both user and people around them?
Learning Framework: Understanding Understanding: Ability to grasp the uses of technology that are considered appropriate or inappropriate Users need to identify misuse or abuse or appropriate technology useHave students discuss what technology is appropriate or inappropriate in school.
Learning Framework: Action Action: Using technology in the most appropriate wayUse technology by understand the implications to others and self.Have students create scenarios where someone uses technology after they have moved through the first two steps (Awareness and Understanding) before they act (e.g., excusing themselves and moving off to a more private area to take a cell phone call) and times when it is obvious when students react to technology without thinking (e.g., “cutting off” a face-to-face conversation to answer a cell phone).
Learning Framework: Deliberation Deliberation: Thinking about how technology was used and determining if it was appropriate Digital Reflection should begin each time a a student decides to use another “toy”.