The global economic cancer burden Cancer is costly... The economic cost* of cancer exceeds that of any other disease...$753bn heart disease $895bn cancer But cost effective solutions exist $1.8bn cost of reducing $0.6bn $0.8bn$298bn stroke $203bn chronic obstructive exposure to key risk factors like smoking alcohol pulmonary disease smoking, drinking and poor diet $204bn diabetes $204bn trafﬁc accidents $0.4bn diet and exercise and could prevent $141bn suicide$45bntubercolosis $25bn malaria $193bn HIV/AIDS 1 in 3 cancer cases * Economic losses from disability and premature deaths. Excludes direct medical costs. Sources: American Cancer Society, Livestrong, World Health Organization. Information is Beautiful See bit.ly/cancerburden for full data list.
One in three cancer cases can be prevented Tips to reduce your cancer risk For every 100 people who get cancer 33 cases could be prevented through simple lifestyle changes Eat well 5 a day Shake off salt Stay out of the red Not so sweet An apple a day keeps the doctor Too much salt increases Eating lots of beef, pork and lamb, Sugary soft drinks, sweet and fatty foods away - literally. Eating fruit and veg your risk of stomach cancer. bacon and sausages is associated cause weight gain, which increases may reduce risks for many cancers. Eat no more than 5g a day. with colorectal cancers. your cancer risk. Waters better. Take care Good for the gut Get sweaty Know your limits Love your skin Eating lots of ﬁbre (in fruit and 30 mins of physical activity a day Alcohol increases cancer risk. No more Sizzling in the sun - or on a sunbed -veg and wholegrains) cuts your risk (60 mins for children) reduces than two drinks for men and one for increases your risk of developing skin of colorectal cancer. risk for several major cancers. women per day. cancer, especially if youre under 30. Get involved Quit! Downsize Get vaccinated Become an eco warrior The world’s single, biggest cause Being overweight is linked with Infections like Hep B, C and HPV cause up Environmental pollution of air, water of cancer. More than 25% of all cancer several cancers such as oesophagus, to 20% of cancer deaths in developing and soil with cancer-causing chemicals deaths. 10% of all adult deaths. colorectal, breast and kidney. countries (9% in developed). accounts for 1-4% of all cancers. Sources: World Health Organization, World Cancer Research Fund. See bit.ly/cancerburden for full data list. Information is Beautiful
Cancer mortality compared to other diseasesnumber of worldwidedeaths per year causedby non-communicable 30.4m Total non-communicable diseases (including cancer, cardiovascular diseases,diseases respiratory diseases, diabetes)number of worldwidedeaths per year 7.6mcaused by cancer 2.5m Good news - 1 in 3 avoidable deaths with prevention, early detection and treatment% fatality rate 60%(chance of a person cancerdying if they havethe disease) 1.8m 1.3m 830,000 375,000 350,000 340,000 deaths per year HIV/AIDS tuberculosis malaria seasonal ﬂu hepatitis C meningitis 69% fatality rate 17% 0.3% 0.1% 10% 49% 164,000 110,000 55,000 18,650 774 41 measles cholera rabies (untreated) MRSA SARS* bird ﬂu 0.6% 3% 100% 20% 9.5% 58% * Figures for SARS are based on deaths in 2002-3. Sources: World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Globocan 2008, PubMed. Information is Beautiful See bit.ly/cancerburden for full data list.
Health inequalities - Where you live matters Income level inﬂuences 5 year survival rate Country level income high low high low mid mid5 year All Lymphomasurvival cancers Bladder Breast Cervix Colon Larynx Liver Lung (Hodgkin) Ovary Pancreas Prostate Skin Stomachrate100%90% Lack of public awareness of breast80% cancer remains a critical obstacle in developing countries where it is commonly diagnosed at an advanced, less treatable stage70%60%50%40%30% Safe, effective and affordable HPV20% vaccines may prevent up to 70% of cervical cancer cases10% HBV immunisation of infants is the most effective strategy for preventing0% deadly liver cancer All Lymphoma Bladder Breast Cervix Colon Larynx Liver Lung Ovary Pancreas Prostate Skin Stomach cancers (Hodgkin) Country level income high low high low mid mid Note: the lack of a colour spot means missing data. Sources: International Agency for Research on Cancer, UK Ofﬁce for National Statistics, National Cancer Institute. Information is Beautiful See bit.ly/cancerburden for full data list.
Race for Life Incidence and mortality in the developing and developed world developed countries developing countries cases mortality people per 100,000 population people per 100,000 population 256 148 All cancers 101 111 200 100 100 60 50 40 30 20 10 10 20 9 3 Bladder 2 366 27 Breast 11 15 18 9 Cervix 3 10 30 11 Colorectum 6 12 In 2008 cervical cancer claimed the 9 2 Kidney 1 3 In 2008 there were almost 500,000 lives of 275,000 women of which 88% million breast cancer deaths with were in developing countries 3 2 Larynx 1 1 60% of these occurring in developing countries. 7 4 Leukaemia 3 4 13 5 Liver 5 12 31 19 Lung 17 25 2 1 Lymphoma 0 0 In 2008 there were 694,000 deaths from (Hodgkin) liver cancer with almost 85% of cases 9 4 Lymphoma 2 3 occurring in developing countries. (Non-Hodgkin) 9 4 Oesophagus 3 7 4 4 Lip/oral cavity 1 2 1 0 Nasopharynx 0 1 3 2 Other pharynx 1 2 9 5 Ovary 3 5 7 2 Pancreas 2 6 62 12 Prostate 6 10 9 1 Skin melanoma 0 1 15 11 Stomach 7 12 6 2 Thyroid 0 1 60 50 40 30 20 10 10 20 Sources: International Agency for Research on Cancer, Globocan 2008. See bit.ly/cancerburden for full data list. Information is Beautiful