Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Cumin by sitta rathina kumari

563

Published on

pydah college of pharmacy

pydah college of pharmacy

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
563
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
18
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. CUMMIN
  • 2.
    • SYNONYMS:
    • CUMIN SEEDS,
    • JIRA,
    • CUMINO.
  • 3. BIOLOGICAL SOURCE:
    • It consists of dried ripe fruits of Cuminum cyminum Linn.
    Family: Umbelliferae
  • 4. Scientific classification: Kingdom : Plantae Order : Apiales Family : Apiaceae Genus : Cuminum Species : Cyminum
  • 5.
    • GEOGRAPHICAL SOURCE :
    • Indigenous to Nile territory.
    • Cultivated in Morocco, Sicily, India, Syria and China.
    • About 90% of the world production is from India.
  • 6. Cultivation:
    • Cultivation of cumin requires a long, hot summer of 3–4 months.
    • It is drought-tolerant, and is mostly grown in mediterranean climates.
    • It is grown from seed, sown in spring, and needs fertile, well-drained soil.
  • 7. DESCRIPTION:
    • The cumin plant grows to 30–50 cm (0.98–1.6 ft) tall
    • It is an herbaceous annual plant
    • The leaves are 5–10 cm long, pinnate or bipinnate, thread-like leaflets.
    • The flowers are small, white or pink, and borne in umbels.
  • 8.
      • ORGANOLEPTIC CHARACTERS:
    • COLOUR : Greenish or yellowish brown.
    • ODOUR : Characteristic and aromatic.
    • TASTE : Pungent aggreable .
    • SIZE : . 4-6 mm in length and 2mm in thick
    • SHAPE : Elongated tapered on both sides.
  • 9.
    • It consists of separtated mericarps and entire cremocarps.
    • Which are elongated ellipsoidal and slightly compressed laterally.
    • Each mericarps has 5 yellowish straight primary ridges which bear very short trichomes and are glabrous.
    • And between them over the vittae are 4 secondary ridges.
    MACROSCOPICAL CHARACTERS:
  • 10. Mericarp Carpophore CREMOCARP FRUIT
  • 11. MICROSCOPICAL CHARACTERS:
    • It consists of
    • EPICARP
    • MESOCARP
    • ENDOCARP
  • 12. A,CREMOCARP T.S B,ENTIRE CREMOCARP C,MERICARP
  • 13. RIDGE VITTAE VASCULAR BUNDLES RAPHAE CARPOPHORE T.S OF CUMIN FRUIT
  • 14.
    • It exhibits an oily endosperm and 6 vittae of which 4 on dorsal side and 2 on ventral side.
    • Endosperm contain cellulosic parenchyma containing oil globules and aleurone grains.
    • Ridges are find longitudinally and altering with these are secondary ridges which are flat.
  • 15. STAINING REAGENTS:
    • Phloroglucinol+ con.Hcl
    Pink Scl.v.b
    • Alc.picric acid
    Yellow Aleurone grains in endosperm.
    • Sudan red
    RED Oil globules in cuticle
  • 16. CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS:
    • It consists of 2.5 to 4% of volatile oil and 10% fixed oil and proteins.
    • Volatile oil contains 30 to 40% of cuminaldehyde.
    • Others are Alpa pinene, beta pinene, phellandrene, cuminic alcohol and hydro cuminyl.
  • 17.
    • Cuminaldehyde, or 4-isopropylbenzaldehyde, is a natural organic compound with the molecular formula C10H12O.
    CUMINALDEHYDE CHO CH(CH3)2
  • 18. CHEMICAL TESTS:
    • To the thin section of the drug + sudan III
    RED colour is obtained by oil globules.
    • To the thin section of the
    • Drug + A drop of tincture alkane
    RED colour indicates the presence of volatile oil.
  • 19. Uses:
    • Used as a carminative.
    • Cumin has digestive properties and when boiled in water acts as an excellent refreshener.
    • Cumin adds flavour to foods, liquors and beverages.
    • Cumin does have proven carminative and antispasmodic qualities, and is therefore said be useful in the treatment of diarrhea, stomachache.
  • 20.
    • Cumin stimulates the appetite.
    • Cumin can help boost the liver's ability to detoxify the body.
    • Cumin is may help relieve symptoms of cold due to it's antiseptic properties.
    • Cumin can help increase the heat in the body thus making metabolism more efficient.
    • Cumin can help relieve insomnia .
  • 21. ADULTERANTS:
    • Persian cummin: derived from the species of carum.
    • Nigella sativa : family: Ranunculaceae .
  • 22. THANQ

×