Cumin by sitta rathina kumari
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Cumin by sitta rathina kumari

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pydah college of pharmacy

pydah college of pharmacy

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Cumin by sitta rathina kumari Cumin by sitta rathina kumari Presentation Transcript

  • CUMMIN
    • SYNONYMS:
    • CUMIN SEEDS,
    • JIRA,
    • CUMINO.
  • BIOLOGICAL SOURCE:
    • It consists of dried ripe fruits of Cuminum cyminum Linn.
    Family: Umbelliferae
  • Scientific classification: Kingdom : Plantae Order : Apiales Family : Apiaceae Genus : Cuminum Species : Cyminum
    • GEOGRAPHICAL SOURCE :
    • Indigenous to Nile territory.
    • Cultivated in Morocco, Sicily, India, Syria and China.
    • About 90% of the world production is from India.
  • Cultivation:
    • Cultivation of cumin requires a long, hot summer of 3–4 months.
    • It is drought-tolerant, and is mostly grown in mediterranean climates.
    • It is grown from seed, sown in spring, and needs fertile, well-drained soil.
  • DESCRIPTION:
    • The cumin plant grows to 30–50 cm (0.98–1.6 ft) tall
    • It is an herbaceous annual plant
    • The leaves are 5–10 cm long, pinnate or bipinnate, thread-like leaflets.
    • The flowers are small, white or pink, and borne in umbels.
      • ORGANOLEPTIC CHARACTERS:
    • COLOUR : Greenish or yellowish brown.
    • ODOUR : Characteristic and aromatic.
    • TASTE : Pungent aggreable .
    • SIZE : . 4-6 mm in length and 2mm in thick
    • SHAPE : Elongated tapered on both sides.
    • It consists of separtated mericarps and entire cremocarps.
    • Which are elongated ellipsoidal and slightly compressed laterally.
    • Each mericarps has 5 yellowish straight primary ridges which bear very short trichomes and are glabrous.
    • And between them over the vittae are 4 secondary ridges.
    MACROSCOPICAL CHARACTERS:
  • Mericarp Carpophore CREMOCARP FRUIT
  • MICROSCOPICAL CHARACTERS:
    • It consists of
    • EPICARP
    • MESOCARP
    • ENDOCARP
  • A,CREMOCARP T.S B,ENTIRE CREMOCARP C,MERICARP
  • RIDGE VITTAE VASCULAR BUNDLES RAPHAE CARPOPHORE T.S OF CUMIN FRUIT
    • It exhibits an oily endosperm and 6 vittae of which 4 on dorsal side and 2 on ventral side.
    • Endosperm contain cellulosic parenchyma containing oil globules and aleurone grains.
    • Ridges are find longitudinally and altering with these are secondary ridges which are flat.
  • STAINING REAGENTS:
    • Phloroglucinol+ con.Hcl
    Pink Scl.v.b
    • Alc.picric acid
    Yellow Aleurone grains in endosperm.
    • Sudan red
    RED Oil globules in cuticle
  • CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS:
    • It consists of 2.5 to 4% of volatile oil and 10% fixed oil and proteins.
    • Volatile oil contains 30 to 40% of cuminaldehyde.
    • Others are Alpa pinene, beta pinene, phellandrene, cuminic alcohol and hydro cuminyl.
    • Cuminaldehyde, or 4-isopropylbenzaldehyde, is a natural organic compound with the molecular formula C10H12O.
    CUMINALDEHYDE CHO CH(CH3)2
  • CHEMICAL TESTS:
    • To the thin section of the drug + sudan III
    RED colour is obtained by oil globules.
    • To the thin section of the
    • Drug + A drop of tincture alkane
    RED colour indicates the presence of volatile oil.
  • Uses:
    • Used as a carminative.
    • Cumin has digestive properties and when boiled in water acts as an excellent refreshener.
    • Cumin adds flavour to foods, liquors and beverages.
    • Cumin does have proven carminative and antispasmodic qualities, and is therefore said be useful in the treatment of diarrhea, stomachache.
    • Cumin stimulates the appetite.
    • Cumin can help boost the liver's ability to detoxify the body.
    • Cumin is may help relieve symptoms of cold due to it's antiseptic properties.
    • Cumin can help increase the heat in the body thus making metabolism more efficient.
    • Cumin can help relieve insomnia .
  • ADULTERANTS:
    • Persian cummin: derived from the species of carum.
    • Nigella sativa : family: Ranunculaceae .
  • THANQ